Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Presentation Design Part 1: Slide Design

967 views

Published on

We make ineffective presentations for students, despite -- or because of -- our best intentions. But there is research about what actually works -- ways to present textual and visual information so students (and everyone) understand.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Presentation Design Part 1: Slide Design

  1. 1. How to design a presentation that works<br />Part I: Slide Design<br />
  2. 2. When I tell you you’re about to watch a PowerPoint presentation, what’s your initial reaction, and why? <br />
  3. 3. February 1, 2003<br />
  4. 4. February 1, 2003<br />
  5. 5. Why did they die?<br />David M. Brown Laurel B. Clark Michael P. Anderson Ilan Ramon<br />Rick D. Husband KalpanaChawla William C. McCool<br />
  6. 6. According to Edward Tufte…<br />
  7. 7. PowerPoint.<br />
  8. 8. Boeing PowerPoint hid potential danger<br />
  9. 9. So, is PowerPoint evil?<br />
  10. 10. Does it destroy critical thought?<br />The Cognitive Style of Powerpoint. 2005. Photograph. The Works of Edward Tufte and Graphics Press. By Edward Tufte. 6 Sept. 2005. Web. 30 Dec. 2010. <http://www.edwardtufte.com/tufte/powerpoint>.<br />
  11. 11. Does it destroy student attention and learning?<br />Manalaysay, Mark. Sleeping. Photograph. Stockvault. 24 May 2007. Web. 30 Dec. 2010. <http://www.stockvault.net/photo/103223/sleeping>.<br />
  12. 12. According to Richard E. Mayer…<br />
  13. 13. No.<br />
  14. 14. Multimedia presentations increase retention and deep learning.<br />
  15. 15. PowerPoint is not evil.<br />
  16. 16. But bad design is.<br />Design matters.<br />
  17. 17. Most of our instincts and intuitions are wrong.<br />
  18. 18. Information-rich<br />Technologically advanced<br />Aesthetically pleasing<br />None of these actually matter<br />
  19. 19. So, what does matter?<br />
  20. 20. Slide Design<br />Engagement<br />Structure<br /><ul><li>Headlines
  21. 21. Images
  22. 22. Details
  23. 23. Curiosity
  24. 24. Conflict
  25. 25. Organizers
  26. 26. Interaction</li></li></ul><li>Create Clear Headlines<br />Slide Design<br />
  27. 27. Write a clear headline at the top of the slide<br />verb<br />subject<br />
  28. 28. Headline = Main idea = A sentence<br />
  29. 29. One idea per slide.<br />
  30. 30. Fossil Fuels: Who has what?<br />63% correct<br />Before<br />
  31. 31. OPEC countries control about 75% of the world’s oil<br />81% correct<br />(+ 18%)<br />
  32. 32. 54% correct<br />Before<br />
  33. 33. Uranium and Thorium are large “unstable” atoms<br />break down to produce smaller atoms, heat, and radioactivity<br />Plates move because of convection caused by heat from decay of radioactive elements in the mantle<br />86% correct<br />(+ 31%)<br />Ocean<br />[Miller, 2004]<br />
  34. 34. Really, each slide is a paragraph.<br />
  35. 35. Muhammad’s Death<br />Muhammad left no male heir, and no instructions for succession (who would follow him as leader)<br />Muslims split into two factions:<br />“Shia”<br />Leaders should be appointed by Muhammad or God<br />Imam (leader) is sinless and infallible<br />Shia reject the Hadith– narrated traditons<br />“Sunni”<br />Leaders must be elected<br />
  36. 36. Muhammad’s death split Islam in two.<br />
  37. 37. Create clear headlines<br />Your turn:<br /><ul><li>Fold your paper in half (like a taco).
  38. 38. Pretend the top half is your new slide.
  39. 39. Writedown a clear headline – the single, driving MAIN IDEA of the slide.</li></li></ul><li>Create Clear Headlines<br />Add Pictures<br />Slide Design<br />
  40. 40. Add pictures to words<br />
  41. 41. Label important images or parts<br />Robert E. Lee’s <br />Amnesty Oath<br />Thomas Jefferson<br />
  42. 42. Iron<br /><ul><li>An abundant metal, makes up 5.6% of earth’s crust
  43. 43. Properties:
  44. 44. shaped, sharpened, welded
  45. 45. strong, durable
  46. 46. Accounts for >95% of metals used
  47. 47. Iron ores discovered in 1844 in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula
  48. 48. Soon found other ores in upper Wisconsin and Minnesota</li></ul>Iron Ore Distribution<br />59% recall<br />Before<br />Kesler 1994<br />
  49. 49. Iron<br />Can be shaped, sharpened, and welded<br />Is strong and durable<br />Iron ores make up 5.6% of the earth’s crustand account for 95% of the metals used<br />Iron ore<br />77% recall<br />(+ 18%)<br />[www.star-bits.com]<br />Iron Ore Distribution<br />[Kesler 1994]<br />
  50. 50. Use clearly contrasting colors<br />
  51. 51.
  52. 52.
  53. 53. Fill the page.<br />
  54. 54.
  55. 55. Specific images beat generic ones.<br />
  56. 56. Specific images beat generic ones.<br />
  57. 57. Use diagrams.<br />
  58. 58. You can draw your own images.<br />
  59. 59. You can take your own photos.<br />
  60. 60. You can take your own photos.<br />
  61. 61. Muhammad’s Death<br />Muhammad left no male heir, and no instructions for succession (who would follow him as leader)<br />Muslims split into two factions:<br />“Shia”<br />Leaders should be appointed by Muhammad or God<br />Imam (leader) is sinless and infallible<br />Shia reject the Hadith– narrated traditons<br />“Sunni”<br />Leaders must be elected<br />
  62. 62. When Muhammad died, Islam split in two.<br />Shia<br />Sunni<br />
  63. 63. Your turn:<br />On your piece of paper, draw what you think might be the best possible image or images you could find, and label them (if that is sensible).<br />Add pictures<br />
  64. 64. So, what do you do with all the other information?<br />
  65. 65. Hide it.<br />Speak it.<br />
  66. 66. Create Clear Headlines<br />Add Pictures<br />Hide Details<br />Slide Design<br />
  67. 67. Talking works better than writing<br />Don’t read this. Really. Just try not to read this. But reading is involuntary, so you probably already have.<br />You have probably also seen slides that have all sorts of great, detailed information in the bullet points.<br />Either presenters just read the bullet points word for word, in which case, just shoot me now.<br />Or presenters will write things they DON’T say in the bullet points, which means that people in the audience actually stop listening to the presenter, and just read, instead.<br />><br />
  68. 68. Why?<br />
  69. 69. We can process 2 kinds of information simultaneously<br />
  70. 70. BUT we have limited processing capacity<br />Working Memory<br />Sensory Input<br />Long-Term Memory<br />
  71. 71. Written text takes up both channels<br />Working Memory<br />Sensory Input<br />Long-Term Memory<br />TEXT<br />
  72. 72. Put details in the speaker notes section.<br />
  73. 73. You can post your presentation online or print it out.<br />
  74. 74. Do notadd interesting pictures and words…<br />Lincoln unified the country.<br />
  75. 75. …if they are irrelevant to the CONCEPT.<br />Lincoln unified the country.<br />The Last Photo Of Lincoln Ever Taken<br />“Before Abraham Lincoln, there had never been a U.S. President with a beard. Since his presidency, four presidents have had full beards.”<br />
  76. 76. Anything that doesn’t relate to the main idea destroys learning.<br />Sounds<br />Pictures<br />Words<br />Words<br />Words<br />Motions<br />
  77. 77. Anything that doesn’t relate to the main idea destroys learning.<br />Sounds<br />Pictures<br />Backgrounds<br />Words<br />Words<br />Words<br />Motions<br />
  78. 78. TOPIC:<br />Abraham Lincoln<br />All information must relate to the CONCEPT, not just the TOPIC.<br />CONCEPT:<br />Abraham Lincoln united the country.<br />
  79. 79.
  80. 80. Your turn:<br />On your new draft, jot down the important details you’d want students to remember.<br />Put details in notes<br />
  81. 81. How To Design A Slide<br />Add Images<br />Create Clear Headlines<br />Put Details In Notes<br />REVIEW<br />
  82. 82. On your own piece of paper, redesign the following slide:<br />
  83. 83.
  84. 84.
  85. 85. “Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous.”<br />
  86. 86. Feedback<br />On your card, please write:<br />How much you learned, on a scale of 1 – 10<br />What was the most important thing you learned about slide design?<br />How could I make this better for next time?<br />
  87. 87. Some copyright-free sources:<br />Creative Commons Search: http://search.creativecommons.org<br />Search 7 different search engines for different kinds of media licensed under creative commons.<br />MorgueFile.com: http://www.morguefile.com/ <br />The terms of service for using the photos on this site are available on the site. If you wish to use any of the photos, please read the terms of service. <br />FreeStockPhotos.com: http://freestockphotos.com/ <br />All photos are free to use for non-commercial purposes. You must cite the Web site for each photo you use. <br />

×