Language Learning Strategies II November 6, 2007
Goals for today… <ul><li>Goals and Homework (2:00-2:05) </li></ul><ul><li>The Good Language Learner – brainstorm and discu...
Homework for next time… <ul><li>Read SA pp. 203-245 </li></ul><ul><li>Language Learner Profile report due </li></ul>
What is a “good” language learner? <ul><li>In small groups brainstorm words or short phrases on board for 1 minute  </li><...
Does the ‘Good Language Learner’ Exist? <ul><li>“ Initially, learning French was a lot of nitty gritty details. Immersion ...
Strategies used by “good” language learners <ul><li>Making reasoned guesses when not sure </li></ul><ul><li>Making an effo...
Exchange Language Learner Profiles <ul><li>Read over the profile. Ask the person some questions or clarifications or simpl...
Speaking, Reading, Writing <ul><li>In small groups generate  lists of activities you could do to practice each of these sk...
Speaking | Reading | Writing <ul><li>Find NS </li></ul><ul><li>Have a conversation partner </li></ul><ul><li>Practice lang...
Questions for discussion <ul><li>As a class, read Mickie’s story out loud SA p. 204 </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the “fear of ...
Keeping the conversation rolling…. <ul><li>Borrow words </li></ul><ul><li>Translate literally </li></ul><ul><li>“ foreigni...
An exercise in getting what you want <ul><li>SA p. 218-219 </li></ul><ul><li>Work though the following activity individual...
Strategies for increasing your reading comprehension <ul><li>Decide why you need to read it </li></ul><ul><li>Skim the tex...
Filling in the Gaps (reading activity) <ul><li>SA pp. 229 </li></ul><ul><li>Read directions together, then answer the foll...
Filling in the Gaps (reading activity) <ul><li>SA pp. 229 --- how well did you understand the text?? (discuss questions th...
Writing – Some Advice <ul><li>Go back to go forward </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat key words and phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Plan ...
Reformulation <ul><li>Most useful for intermediate and advanced levels of language </li></ul><ul><li>To improve your abili...
Reformulation <ul><li>Compare the way things are phrased </li></ul><ul><li>Compare how ideas are linked together </li></ul...
Reformulation – identify possible corrections in small groups <ul><li>One of the severe problems of the social life on cam...
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  • Nov.6

    1. 1. Language Learning Strategies II November 6, 2007
    2. 2. Goals for today… <ul><li>Goals and Homework (2:00-2:05) </li></ul><ul><li>The Good Language Learner – brainstorm and discussion (2:05-2:20) </li></ul><ul><li>The Good Language Learner Profile Activity (2:20 – 2:30) </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking, Reading, & Writing (2:30 – 3:15) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Homework for next time… <ul><li>Read SA pp. 203-245 </li></ul><ul><li>Language Learner Profile report due </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is a “good” language learner? <ul><li>In small groups brainstorm words or short phrases on board for 1 minute </li></ul>
    5. 5. Does the ‘Good Language Learner’ Exist? <ul><li>“ Initially, learning French was a lot of nitty gritty details. Immersion was the key for me. I got involved in events and in speaking up even when I was not comfortable. Not only did I study abroad, I also taught in Cameroon and in France. Some of my closest friends are native French speakers and we stay in touch by phone, e-mail, letters, and special trips. I still maintain my fluency ten years later with a real purpose for communicating in French. “ Tracie DeVine, native English speaker </li></ul><ul><li>“ I went into my first language class and made a promise to myself that I would speak this language without an accent. I went on to become not only fluent in English, but also Latin, French, and have just passed intermediate Arabic. My fluency and ease with English enabled me to study abroad. “ </li></ul><ul><li>Gabi Schmiegel, native German speaker </li></ul>
    6. 6. Strategies used by “good” language learners <ul><li>Making reasoned guesses when not sure </li></ul><ul><li>Making an effort to communicate and to learn through communication </li></ul><ul><li>Finding strategies for overcoming inhibitions in target language interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing the language whenever possible </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring their speech and that of others </li></ul><ul><li>Attending to form (i.e., grammar) </li></ul><ul><li>Paying attention to meaning </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>---Rubin (1975) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Exchange Language Learner Profiles <ul><li>Read over the profile. Ask the person some questions or clarifications or simply write down more information. </li></ul><ul><li>For next time you will write a language learning profile on that person (see example) and post to your blog (2-5 pages) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Speaking, Reading, Writing <ul><li>In small groups generate lists of activities you could do to practice each of these skills prior to studying abroad </li></ul>
    9. 9. Speaking | Reading | Writing <ul><li>Find NS </li></ul><ul><li>Have a conversation partner </li></ul><ul><li>Practice language over phone </li></ul><ul><li>Speak with others studying the language </li></ul><ul><li>Live with others (French House, Spanish House) </li></ul><ul><li>Check local library for resources (papers, magazines) </li></ul><ul><li>Find a good dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Look at online bookstores for resources </li></ul><ul><li>Read online magazines/newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Read NS blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Find a penpal or keypal and write to him/her regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Begin keeping a journal in the target language </li></ul>
    10. 10. Questions for discussion <ul><li>As a class, read Mickie’s story out loud SA p. 204 </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the “fear of speaking” a common fear among people? </li></ul><ul><li>What might suggest to help someone overcome this fear? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you relate to Mickie in any way? </li></ul>
    11. 11. Keeping the conversation rolling…. <ul><li>Borrow words </li></ul><ul><li>Translate literally </li></ul><ul><li>“ foreignize” words </li></ul><ul><li>Use descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Use a simple word if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Coin a new word </li></ul><ul><li>Act out or draw the word </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for help </li></ul><ul><li>Fake your understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Abandon certain words </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidance of words or toipcs </li></ul>
    12. 12. An exercise in getting what you want <ul><li>SA p. 218-219 </li></ul><ul><li>Work though the following activity individually and then discuss in language groups (if possible) </li></ul><ul><li>Were you able to communicate your ideas? </li></ul><ul><li>What problems or frustrations did you encounter? </li></ul>
    13. 13. Strategies for increasing your reading comprehension <ul><li>Decide why you need to read it </li></ul><ul><li>Skim the text </li></ul><ul><li>Use top-down and bottom-up strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t overuse dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Read between lines </li></ul><ul><li>Get background info first </li></ul>
    14. 14. Filling in the Gaps (reading activity) <ul><li>SA pp. 229 </li></ul><ul><li>Read directions together, then answer the following questions (next slide) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Filling in the Gaps (reading activity) <ul><li>SA pp. 229 --- how well did you understand the text?? (discuss questions that follow in small groups) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the main point of the passage? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>According to the author, what features has technology brought to personal organization? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the advantages and disadvantages of these advances? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the author feel that people are better organized today than n the past? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How many of the words did you “fill in”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were you able to get the gist of the story without knowing some words? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What strategies did you employ to help you figure out the meaning of the text? </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Writing – Some Advice <ul><li>Go back to go forward </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat key words and phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Plan out what you are going to write </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss what you want to say with someone else before writing </li></ul><ul><li>Leave a blank for words you don’t know </li></ul><ul><li>Edit grammar and mechanics after your ideas are written </li></ul><ul><li>Make major revisions after your ideas are written down </li></ul><ul><li>Distance yourself from writing </li></ul><ul><li>Give yourself extra time to write </li></ul><ul><li>Read in target language in order to improve your writing in that language </li></ul>
    17. 17. Reformulation <ul><li>Most useful for intermediate and advanced levels of language </li></ul><ul><li>To improve your ability to write like a native </li></ul><ul><li>A good exercise – write a short paper and then have a NS offer feedback; compare the 2 </li></ul>
    18. 18. Reformulation <ul><li>Compare the way things are phrased </li></ul><ul><li>Compare how ideas are linked together </li></ul><ul><li>Compare vocabulary selection </li></ul><ul><li>Compare choice and ordering of grammatical forms </li></ul>
    19. 19. Reformulation – identify possible corrections in small groups <ul><li>One of the severe problems of the social life on campus is the problem of the relationship between the Arabs and Jews. It is well know that the mixture of the two cultures causes tension between students, and it especially effects students who live in the dormitories of the university. In my opinion this problem would not have been so sever if unreliable sections from the Students Union did not deliberately wake students to act violently. I therefore suggest that an imediate change of the group which dominates the Students Union will be done by free elections on campus. </li></ul>

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