The English Colonies of North America


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The English Colonies of North America

  1. 1. Theme 4. American Colonial Empires: France and England<br />By: Lindsay Nelson<br />
  2. 2. English Colonies of North America<br />
  3. 3. Carolina<br />Established by West Indian planter during the 1670’s<br />Was founded to honor King Charles II <br />Included present day North and South Carolina and Georgia<br />Owned by 8 of the kings political favorites-the Lords Proprietor<br />Ran by Sir John Yeamans and his son<br />
  4. 4. Carolina<br />In 1670 3 ships from Barbados bore 200 colonists to the mouth of he Ashley River<br />Named this Charles Town<br />Changed to Charleston in 1783<br />Defied Spanish claim to the coast, signifying England’s new confidence in its emerging imperial power<br />
  5. 5. Carolina<br />Attracted more colonists by offering religious tolerance, political representation in an assembly with power over public taxation and expenditures, a long exemption from quitrents, and large grants of land.<br />South Carolina grew from 200 colonists in 1670 to 6,600 in 1,700<br />Attracted mostly farmers and artisans of modest means<br />Common colonists were essential to build farms in the forest and fighting the frontier warfare.<br />
  6. 6. Carolina<br />A male servant who survived his term received “freedoms dues”- a set of clothes, barrel of maize, an an, a hoe, and a land grant of 100 acres<br />Also wanted to attract great planters so they offered “absolute power and Authority of is Negro Slave”<br />Since the slave was defined as a family member, the planter also received a full 150-acre headright per slave<br />
  7. 7. Virginia<br />Originally named for the whole coast from Florida to Arcadia<br />Named after Queen Elizabeth I because she was a supposed virgin<br />Started out with get rich quick schemes such as gold mines and raiding Spanish ships, but this was found to be too expensive<br />Instead found profit in tobacco which permitted an explosive growth in land, power, and wealth<br />The crown subcontracted out colonization because it lacked the financial stability to pay for such a venture itself<br />
  8. 8. Virginia<br />Earliest English colonial promoters were dreamers and gamblers driven by visionary imagination.<br />Most were politically well connected from the wouthwestern counties of England<br />Known as “West Country men” and included: Sir Francis Drake, Sir Richard Greenville, Sir John Hawkins, Sir Walter Ralegh, and Sir Humphrey Gilbert<br />
  9. 9. Virginia<br />Planters, led by John Rolfe, learned to raise tobacco in 1616.<br />Was an ideal colonial commodity because people were willing to pay high prices to satisfy their addictive cravings.<br />Virginia’s tobacco production grew from 200,000 pounds in 1624 to 3,000,000 in 1638<br />Chesapeake outstripped the West Indies to become the principal supplier of tobacco to Europe<br />Because of the boom of profit, more laborers were needed<br />This increased Chesapeake’s population from 350 in 1616 to 13,00 by 1650<br />
  10. 10. Virginia<br />New land was needed to supply the tobacco. <br />This land came at the Indians’ expense. They brought with them voracious pigs and cows that destroyed Indian corn fields<br />The English would attack the Indians and destroy their crops right before harvest as to force them to suffer a miserable winter and spring.<br />In may 1623, they invited 250 starving Indians to a toast of alcohol. The Indians’ share had poison.<br />