Theme 4 pt 2 the english in north america


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Theme 4 pt 2 - The English in North America

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Theme 4 pt 2 the english in north america

  1. 1. Theme 4 part 2 American Colonies English Colonies of North America By Melissa Skarnas
  2. 2. American Colonies 8: New England <ul><li>Captain John Smith explored the coast in 1614 and named it New England saying the climate and soil was like that of home </li></ul><ul><li>First Puritan emigrants were known as the Pilgrims, crossing over on the Mayflower in 1620, and founding the town of Plymouth, MA </li></ul><ul><li>In 1630, what became known as the “Great Migration” began – a larger emigration of Puritans under the leadership of a lawyer, John Winthrop </li></ul>
  3. 3. American Colonies 8: New England <ul><li>The Puritans that Winthrop brought over, settled in Boston and established a radical government in which the men elected the governor, deputy governor, and legislature </li></ul><ul><li>From the coastal towns, the colonist later expanded further inland during 1630's and 1640's creating new colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire were the 4 colonies of New England </li></ul>
  4. 4. American Colonies 8: New England <ul><li>New England was inhabited primarily by English who could pay their own way across the Atlantic – more of a “middle class” </li></ul><ul><li>Colder, smaller but healthier environment for the Puritans who were not afraid to work the land and were able to have large pieces of land </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans worked the land themselves, building and farming on their properties </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Colonies 8: New England <ul><li>Land was granted to a group of men who banded together to found a town in New England </li></ul><ul><li>Legislature defined town boundaries but let each corporation of men allocate the land for farms, church, school and a village center </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists had to cut clearings, build fences, build homes and barns and plant and plow fields by hand, relying on family labor </li></ul><ul><li>Most farmers had complete ownership of their land unlike in England where land was leased </li></ul>
  6. 6. American Colonies 11: Carolina <ul><li>3 ships from Barbados, carrying 200 colonists arrived in Charles Town in 1670 </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Town (later modified to Charleston) was named in honor of King Charles II </li></ul><ul><li>The English claim to the area, was to signify it's rising power over that of the weakening Spanish power, which had laid claim to that coast </li></ul>
  7. 7. American Colonies 11: Carolina <ul><li>The Carolinas attracted mostly farmers and artisans </li></ul><ul><li>At least a third of the earlier Carolinians started as indentured servants from either England or Barbados </li></ul><ul><li>If a male servant survived his term, he received his own land, barrel of maize, ax and hoe, and a set of clothes as part of the “Freedom dues” </li></ul>
  8. 8. American Colonies 11: Carolina <ul><li>A new colony was founded in the 1720's by British imperialists and Carolinian officials which they named Georgia in honour of King George II </li></ul><ul><li>90% of the colony's funding came from Parliament which made Georgia the first colony actually funded by British taxpayers </li></ul><ul><li>The Georgia Trustees freely transported and provided farms to charity colonists from 1733-1742 </li></ul>
  9. 9. American Colonies 11: Carolina <ul><li>Georgia Trustees preferred to have more small farms worked by free families rather than the larger plantations that depended on slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia was the first and only British colony to reject the slave system that was so fundamental in the rest of the British colonies </li></ul><ul><li>The Trustees tried to prohibit rum-drinking saying it was a hard work and morals, but the colonists resented this and the ban was later lifted </li></ul>