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an action occured at a definite
time (stated or implied) in the
past
for actions that happened
immediately one after the
other in the past
habits or states which are now
finished (used to can can also
be used for habits / repeated
actions in the past
Formula
Subject + V2/ed +Object
Ex
He went to Market.
Negative
Subject + did not + V + Object
Ex
He did not go to Market.
...
 yesterday, then, when, How long ago...?, last
night / week / month / year / Friday /
October etc, three days / weeks etc...
an action which was in
progress (past continuous)
when another action
interrupted it (past simple)
two or more simultaneous
actions in the past
an action which was in progress
at a stated time in the past; it is
not mentioned when the action
started or finished
the atmosphere, setting, etc &
to give background
information in a story
Positive
Subject +was/ were+ V-ing +Object
Ex
Children were eating ice cream.
Negative
Subject + wasn’t/ weren’t+ V-ing+ O...
 While
 when, as
 all morning / evening / day / week (in the past)
 at 2.00 yesterday etc.
an action happened before
another past action or before
a stated time in the past
an action which finished in the
past, and whose result was
visible at a later point in the
past
Positive
Subject +HAD+ V 3/ed+Object
Ex
He had studied really hard.
Negative
Subject + had not + V 3/ed+Object
Ex
He had n...
 before, after, already, just, for, since,
till/until, when, by the time, never, etc.
to put emaphasis on the duration
of an action which started and
finished in the past, before another
action and or stated ...
an action which lasted for
some time in the past and
whose result was visible in the
past
Positive
Subject +HAD BEEN+ V-ing+(Since/For) +Object
Ex
She had been waiting for me for three hours.
Girls had been sewin...
 for, since, how long, before, until, etc.
Past tenses
Past tenses
Past tenses
Past tenses
Past tenses
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Past tenses

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Past Tenses - English Grammar

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Past tenses

  1. 1. an action occured at a definite time (stated or implied) in the past
  2. 2. for actions that happened immediately one after the other in the past
  3. 3. habits or states which are now finished (used to can can also be used for habits / repeated actions in the past
  4. 4. Formula Subject + V2/ed +Object Ex He went to Market. Negative Subject + did not + V + Object Ex He did not go to Market. Question Did + Subject + V+ Object ? Ex Did he go to Market ?
  5. 5.  yesterday, then, when, How long ago...?, last night / week / month / year / Friday / October etc, three days / weeks etc ago, in 1999, etc.
  6. 6. an action which was in progress (past continuous) when another action interrupted it (past simple)
  7. 7. two or more simultaneous actions in the past
  8. 8. an action which was in progress at a stated time in the past; it is not mentioned when the action started or finished
  9. 9. the atmosphere, setting, etc & to give background information in a story
  10. 10. Positive Subject +was/ were+ V-ing +Object Ex Children were eating ice cream. Negative Subject + wasn’t/ weren’t+ V-ing+ Object Ex They were not swimming in the pool at 3.00 p.m today. Question Was/ Were+ Subject + V-ing+ Object ? Ex Was she using the internet yesterday afternoon?
  11. 11.  While  when, as  all morning / evening / day / week (in the past)  at 2.00 yesterday etc.
  12. 12. an action happened before another past action or before a stated time in the past
  13. 13. an action which finished in the past, and whose result was visible at a later point in the past
  14. 14. Positive Subject +HAD+ V 3/ed+Object Ex He had studied really hard. Negative Subject + had not + V 3/ed+Object Ex He had not gone to Market. Question Had + Subject + V 3/ed+Object ? Ex Had he paid his all bills ?
  15. 15.  before, after, already, just, for, since, till/until, when, by the time, never, etc.
  16. 16. to put emaphasis on the duration of an action which started and finished in the past, before another action and or stated time in the past, usually with for or since
  17. 17. an action which lasted for some time in the past and whose result was visible in the past
  18. 18. Positive Subject +HAD BEEN+ V-ing+(Since/For) +Object Ex She had been waiting for me for three hours. Girls had been sewing the dresses since morning till evening. Negative Subject + had not + been+ V-ing + (since/For)+ Object Ex He had not been watching the TV for five hours. Question Had + Subject + Been+ V-ing +(Since/For)+ Object ? Ex Had they been talking since evening ?
  19. 19.  for, since, how long, before, until, etc.

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