Presentation to the Rotary Club of West Ottawa. The purpose was to sketch the history of services and supports for people with intellectual disability and put a local as well as human face on developments and problems.
Some Reflections On 20 Years: The World I Never Knew, The World I Want To See
Keenan Wellar, MA and Julie Kingstone, MEd
Co-Founders & Co-Leaders, LiveWorkPlay.ca
Helping the community welcome people with intellectual
disabilities to live, work, and play as valued citizens
Some Reflections On 20 Years
The World I Never Knew
The World I Want To See
Rotary Club of West Ottawa
June 10, 2014
What’s Keenan talking about anyway?
I’m not sure, just keep smiling and he’ll probably explain the history.
I get asked often “How did you end up in this career.” Quite
honestly, it was an accident. I applied for a job thinking that a
“developmental disability” had to do with coming from a
low-income family. Nevertheless, I got the job. At the age of 21
it was the first time in my life meeting a person who had Down
syndrome, autism, or other intellectual disability labels.
Getting to know these individuals and their families, it struck me
that something was going very wrong in our community that it
took an accident for me to have this experience of meeting
people who had so much to offer, and yet due to these labels
were being largely hidden away from the rest of the city.
Some 6 years later my future wife and I formed what became
LiveWorkPlay, and 2 years after that we suddenly found
ourselves making the big change from volunteer advocates to a
A Brief History of People with Intellectual Disabilities in Ontario
In 1876, Ontario opened its first institution for people with a intellectual
disabilities on the outskirts of Orillia. It was named the Orillia Asylum for
idiots and at one time was home to about 2600 people.
The name was changed many times (final name: Huronia Regional
Centre) but this and two similar institutions in Smiths Falls and
Chatham-Kent did not close their doors completely until 2009
Ontario apologized to survivors of these institutions in 2014.
When we get innovative in human services, sometimes we end
up with the equivalent of a car with square wheels!
By the 1950s family-led groups were refusing institutions for their children and demanding
a different approach. Institutional populations peaked in Ontario in 1974 in response to this
movement for services based on a social model rather than a medical model of disability.
In other words, the barriers to an included life in the community are not sourced
in the individual, but rather in society, which needs to change.
The initial response to this was mainly to create smaller forms of institutions, which
represented an improvement in geography, as they tended to be located within other
human populations in urban areas, and this at least made possible some crossover with the
rest of the population. These facilities also offered at least a measure of greater flexibility
and individual attention than institutions with 3000 people in them. Relatively huge
sources of federal and provincial funding in the 1970s created these
Facilities across the province, many of which are still in use today.
Over the past 40 years, progress has been beyond slow. Some would say glacial.
If you have an intellectual disability, it’s not such a good thing to be SPECIAL!
So why should people with
all live together?
(Adapted from hope-house.org)
Fear not, it’s the new millennium! New catchphrases are here!
• Person-Centred Planning
• Individualized Supports
Sometimes we are the doctors of hypocrisy…
Thank you for choosing Acme Support Services, where we proudly
facilitate individual independence through person-centered planning!
Now, let me start by outlining the list of fixed choices available to you!
The way our Developmental Service system often responds to a person like Royce (who was
trying to pursue his fundamental human need for freedom) is through increasingly
restricting and medicalizing those needs as “behaviours.” This approach tends to feed on
itself by creating an even stronger desire for freedom, and more challenging behaviours.
The Royce in the paper is not the Royce that is known to his co-workers and neighbours!
“THIS IS TUESDAY NIGHT LEAGUE BOWLING. PLEASE COME BACK ON
THURSDAY NIGHT AND SIGN UP FOR SPECIAL NEEDS BOWLING.”
Chris (centre) had been rejected at many athletic venues, including some designed
specifically for “special” people. Now he is on a soccer team as part of Ottawa Rec
Sports where he is welcomed and appreciated as a soccer play. The only thing
“special” he is known for is his ability as a long striker!
20 years ago: “Matt will never walk or talk”
2 years ago: “Matt will never have paid employment”
Want to bet against Matt again?