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4G Mobile Opportunities & Challenges in Indonesia

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4G Mobile Opportunities & Challenges in Indonesia

  1. 1. Kuncoro Wastuwibowo, PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Arief Hamdani Gunawan, PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia 4G International Forum, Sheraton Taipei, 13 July 2010
  2. 2. Population 240m • #4 Population in the World Internet user 35m (15% of population) • #5 Internet market in Asia (after PRC, Japan, India, Korea) • #1 Facebook users in Asia (24m, #3 in the world after US & UK) • #1 Twitter users in Asia Mobile penetration 150m (63%) • 80% in youngsters • Opera Mini user #1 in the World (just beating Russia) Credit card owner 11.5m in 2008
  3. 3. Great potential of user-generated content Growing interests in developing Internet & mobile applications Open, fresh market to accept new way of conversation & transaction
  4. 4. A public company Expands its business in (NYSE:TLK, IDX:TLKM, LS 2009 to include E:TKID), owned 51% by telecommunications, info the government of the rmation, media, and Republic of Indonesia. education. Market share in GSM 51% (through its subsidiary Forbes-684 in 2010 Telkomsel), and in CDMA 2000 1x 60%.
  5. 5. Telkomsel (subsidiary) • Carries out GSM/3G network throughout Indonesia • Started the R&D and trial of LTE in Jakarta. • Started the R&D and trial of HSPA+ in Bali and Sumatra • Partner: Ericsson, NSN, ZTE, Huawei TelkomFlexi • Carries out FWA business with CDMA 2000 1x • Trial of EVDO in East Java. Start implementation in Q4/2010. (WiMAX) • Started deploying WiMAX in Indonesia (scheduled Q4/2010)
  6. 6. • selecting 2009-2010 • official 2015 candidate • developing implementation • wide technologies detailed deployment specification 2008-2009 2010-2012
  7. 7. 4G is Not Only About Network
  8. 8. Market Content Network Application
  9. 9. 100 Peak data rate transmission (Mb/s) 4G 10 EVDO HSPA EVDO 1 EVDO W-CDMA 0.1 EDGE CDMA-1X CDMA-2000 0.01 GPRS GSM 0.001
  10. 10. Fast LTE 4G Medium Mobile WiMAX Slow 3G 2010 Fixed WiMAX Movable Stationary WLAN Hiperlan /2 2000 0.1 1 10 100
  11. 11. Basic Feature High Smart Wise Phones Phones End Phones Phones Phones (^^)v
  12. 12. Indigo • “Indigo” is a platform to attract & support more development of local content & application through partnership, incubation, aggregation. IPTV • Next step after “broadband network” • Creating contexts for mobile broadband (4G) network. SDP • Facilitating existing services to grow beyond their traditional platforms • Facilitating the new services
  13. 13. Web 2.0 3rd Party Content & Application Common IT Centric Part OSS / BSS Enablers 3rd Party Content Service Orchestration Gateway Administration Map Order interface Content mgmt SOA Security SOA Registry Discovery Governance Identity Policy Device Service mgmt Administration Independence provisioning Location / Enterprise Service Bus Charging & presence billing Customer Messaging Network Centric Part self care App App App App App App OSS / BSS Customer Customer data Gateway care Service Brokering Service IVR Network Abstraction monitoring Online Protocol & Resource Adaptors Service charging assurance Devices Network PC Mobile TV IMS Client PSTN Mobile DSL IPTV IMS
  14. 14. Incumbent cellular providers Oligopolistic LTE-based Evolved networks networks face a competitive toward 4G fringe of WiMAX-based operators. Closed-platform & walled-garden service Consumers’ prefernces provision supported on flexible access and new commercial relations Policy-Based Cognitive Radio with providers. Management Multiple, new operators setting up WiFi & WiMAX Autonomic networks Computing Dynamic Pricing Users: •Choice: on-spot, multi- Wireless broadband selection access to Internet Hybrid architecture •Service: customised, mobile •Value: value-enhanced Flexible, agile network services development •Price: dynamic pricing
  15. 15. Network Management Cellular Metropolitan Short-Range Network reconfiguration management 3G 4G WiMAX WiMAX II WiFi WiFi NG (806.16m) (802.11g) (802.11m) Terminal P1900.4 Terminal P1900.4 DSA-enabled IEEE Radios P1900.4 Legacy terminal Terminal Terminal reconfiguration reconfiguration management management
  16. 16. Service Service Context Pervasiveness Discovery Composition Management
  17. 17. 4G 3G 2G Rysavy Research projection based on historical data. Saturation of 2G < LTE Introduction Timing < Saturation of 3G (after 2010) (before 2020)
  18. 18. Scenarios Today LTE Deployment Important Prerequisites: GSM GSM GSM to LTE LTE •Technology maturity •Demand 3G1X •Frequency allocation 3G 1X EV-DO Rev A/B 3G 1X LTE CDMA Pessimistic Scenario Optimistic Scenario to LTE Other: 3G 1X 3G 1X •Efficiency EV-DO Rev A/B EV-DO Rev A LTE •Scalability GSM GSM GSM UMTS UMTS UMTS LTE W-CDMA Pessimistic Scenario Optimistic Scenario to LTE GSM GSM UMTS UMTS LTE The LTE introduction for wireless operator
  19. 19. 3GPP IP Access (HSPA, HSPA+) S3/S4 LTE / SAE S2 EUTRAN EPC S1 S2 Non 3GPP WLAN 3GPP IP Access IP Access (EV-DO Rev A/B) The S2, S3, S4 interface enable SAE to provide flexibility
  20. 20. 3GPP Suitable to support: IP Access Existing GSM/W-CDMA in rural areas (HSPA, HSPA+) S3/S4 LTE / SAE S2 EUTRAN EPC S1 Suitable to support: S2 •(Optimizing) current wireline Non 3GPP infrastructure WLAN 3GPP •High reliability IP Access IP Access •New wireless deployment (EV-DO Rev A/B) Suitable to support: Existing CDMA in rural areas The S2, S3, S4 interface enable SAE to provide flexibility
  21. 21. Source: Informa’s Mobile Access at Home Report
  22. 22. BWA (Broadband Wireless Access) 3.3 GHz allocation (migration) 2.3 GHz allocation 3.3 GHz implementation 2.3 GHz implementation Bidding
  23. 23. There are three principal economic justifications for relying on exclusive licenses: 1. Spectrum scarcity: views spectrum as an Spectrum economic good and focuses on the role of scarcity markets in allocating that good. 2. Investment incentives: focuses on the need to provide users and providers with Investment Interference appropriate incentives to invest in network incentives management equipment and services. 3. Interference management: recognizes that even when spectrum is not “scarce,” it may be necessary to coordinate user behavior to allow users to share spectrum without adversely impacting or “interfering” with each other.
  24. 24. Zoning Shared Bidding Band Frequency Exclusivity Beauty Migration Contest FDD / TDD
  25. 25. 2.3 GHz and 3.3 GHz 1. North Sumatera 8. Bali & Nusa Tenggara 2. Central Sumatera 9. Papua 3. South Sumatera 10. Maluku & North Maluku 4. Banten & Jabotabek 11. South Sulawesi (Jakarta, Bogor Tangerang, Bekasi) 12. North Sulawesi 5. West Java 13. West Kalimantan 6. Central Java 14. East Kalimantan 7. East Java 15. Riau Islands
  26. 26. 8 Blocks – 12.5 MHz Block Allocation (GHz) 3.3 GHz: FDD to TDD 1 3.300 – 3.3125 2 3312.5 – 3.325 3.4 - 3.6 GHz: migrate to 3.3 GHz (TDD) 3 3.325 – 3.375 4 3.375 – 3.350 5 3.350 – 3.3625 6 3.3625 – 3.375 7 3.375 – 3.3875 8 3.3875 – 3.400
  27. 27. 8 Operators (15 Zone – 12.5 MHz ) Zone Blocks 3.300 – 3.3125 3312.5 – 3.325 3.325 – 3.375 3.375 – 3.350 3.350 – 3.3625 3.3625 – 3.375 3.375 – 3.3875 1. North Sumatera LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM CSM 2. Central Sumatera LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM 3. South Sumatera LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM 4. Banten & Jabotabek CORBEC JASNIKOM LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM CSM 5. West Java CORBEC LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM CSM 6. Central Java LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM CSM 7. East Java LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM CSM 8. Bali & Nusa Tenggara LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM RABIK CSM 9. Papua 10. Maluku & North Maluku LINTASARTA 11. South Sulawesi LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM 12. North Sulawesi LINTASARTA INDOSAT 13. West Kalimantan LINTASARTA STARKOM TELKOM 14. East Kalimantan LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM 15. Riau Islands LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM
  28. 28. 3 from 15 Blocks – 15 and 10 MHz Block Allocation (GHz) 1 2.300 – 2.305 2360 – 2390 MHz: bidding, band basis 2 2.305 – 2.310 3 2.310 – 2.315 2390 – 2400 MHz: USO, tower/coordinate basis 4 2.315 – 2.320 5 2.320 – 2.325 6 2.325 – 2.330 7 2.330 – 2.335 8 2.335 – 2340 9 2.340 – 2.345 10 2.345 – 2.350 11 2.350 – 2.355 12 2.355 – 2.360 13 2.360 – 2375 14 2.375 – 2.390 15 2.390 – 2.400
  29. 29. 8 Operators (15 Zone – 15 MHz ) Zone Operators 1. North Sumatera FIRST MEDIA BERCA 2. Central Sumatera BERCA BERCA 3. South Sumatera BERCA BERCA 4. Banten & Jabotabek FIRST MEDIA INTERNUX 5. West Java COMTRONICS + ADIWARTA PERDANIA INDOSAT 6. Central Java TELKOM COMTRONICS + ADIWARTA PERDANIA 7. East Java COMTRONICS + ADIWARTA PERDANIA TELKOM
  30. 30. 8 Operators (15 Zone – 15 MHz ) Zone Operators 8. Bali & Nusa Tenggara BERCA BERCA 9. Papua TELKOM WIMAX INDONESIA 10. Maluku & North Maluku TELKOM WIMAX INDONESIA 11. South Sulawesi BERCA BERCA 12. North Sulawesi TELKOM JASNITA 13. West Kalimantan BERCA BERCA 14. East Kalimantan BERCA BERCA 15. Riau Islands BERCA WIMAX INDONESIA
  31. 31. • Telkom Indonesia • Telkom Indonesia • Multimedia Division • Telematics Regulatory (Senior Service Creation (Senior Officer) Analyst) • IEEE • IEEE Communications Society • Indonesia Section (Vice • Indonesia Chapter (Chairman) Chairman) • Internetworking Indonesia • IEEE Communications Society • Editor • Indonesia Chapter (Past Chair) Kuncoro Arief Hamdani Wastuwibowo Gunawan

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