จากประโยค simple sentence 2 ประโยค• We like the man .• The man teaches us Chinese.ทําใหเปน complex sentence ดังนี้• We like the man who teaches us Chinese.
• We like the man who teaches us Chinese. relative clause• ประโยค who teaches us Chinese.เปน relative clause ทีทําหนาที่ขยายคําวา ่ the man ทําใหรูวาผูชายคนนี้เปนใคร
I know a doctor who comes from Paris.independent clause relative clause relative pronounThe house where I live is very small. relative clause relative adverb/relative pronoun independent clause
people Things(Animals)1) Subject who , that that , (which)2) Object of that , (whom) that , (which) the verb3) Object of the that , (whom) that , (which) preposition of which ,4) Possessive whose (whose)
Who ใชแทนนามที่เปนคน เปนไดทั้งประธาน และกรรมWhom ใชแทนนามที่เปนคน เปนกรรมอยางเดียวWhose ใชแทนนามที่เปนคน แสดงความเปน เจาของWhich ใชแทนนามที่เปนสัตวหรือสิ่งของ เปนได ทั้งประธานและกรรมThat ใชแทนนามที่เปนสัตวหรือสิ่งของเปนไดทั้ง ประธานและกรรมOf which ใชแทนนามที่เปนสัตวหรือสิ่งของ แสดง ความเปนเจาของ
ก relative pronounsIndependent clause / Dependent clause/Main clause Subordinate clause / relative clauseI know a man who wears glasses.This is the house that Sombat built.She eats the cake which is in the plate.We use the pen that my dad bought for us.
who relative cl.1. The boy who is laughing is my friend.2. I like the students who pay attention in class.3. I know a person who can help you.
whom ก relative cl.• 1. Thats the person who(m) we were talking to..• 2.The person who(m) we met at Jacks party called me.• 3.The boy whom you saw yesterday is my son.
Which1. The program which we listened to wasn’t very good.2. The book which I am reading is very interesting.3. That is the package which came in the mail.
That !"# #$ /ก1. I enjoyed the novel that you lent me last night.2. I know somebody that can help you.3. An aeroplane is a machine that flies.4. The book that I’m using belongs to the teacher.
Whose ! % &• 1. We met a woman whose car is red.• 2. This is Tongdee, whose wife teaches English.• 3. The girl whose hair is short is my sister.•
เมื่อ relative pronoun ทําหนาที่เปน object (กรรม) สามารถละได ตัวอยางThe man (whom) you met last week came here yesterday. The car (which) we have just bought wasexpensive.I like the picture (which) you paint.
Exercise• Fill in the blank with relative pronouns1. The dress……….I liked the best was too expensive.2. The man…….stole the money has been caught.3. Did you mail the two letter…..were on my desk?4. Everyone…….I met at the party congratulated me.
• 5. He didn’t remember the man …..name you mentioned.• 6. The actor …..played that role comes from Australia.• 7. That’s the girl…..you were talking about.• 8. Here’s the book…..I mentioned to you.• 9. The teacher……you spoke about was my teacher last year.• 10.He said something……everyone should remember.
Relative pronoun /adverbs• Relative adverbs/pronoun # relative clause %!ก• Where – place ! " ()• When – time " ! "• Why – reason *" ! "
Samples• Do you remember the day when we met for the first time?• The village where I was born is very small.• The reason why I am late is I had an accident.
Note• The relative pronouns whom and that are used to refer to people, but whom is more common. Also, whom is used mostly in writing and very formal speech, but who is used for both subjects and objects in everyday conversation and casual speech.• The relative pronouns that and which are used to refer to things, but that is more common.