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Present Perfect vs Past Simple : English Language

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This is a slideshow about the Present Perfect and the Past Simple. I hope it is useful.


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Present Perfect vs Past Simple : English Language

  1. 1. past now x
  2. 2. Present Perfect Past Simple Clue words Last… …ago Ever/ Never Since Yet Yesterday So far Clue words
  3. 3. Present Perfect Past Simple Subject + have, has + past participle Subject + past simple Affirmative
  4. 4. Present Perfect Past Simple Subject + have, has + not + past participle Subject + did + not + infinitive Negative
  5. 5. Present Perfect Past Simple Have , has + subject + past participle Did + subject + infinitive Interrogative
  6. 6. Present Perfect Past Simple past now x past now Finished time yesterday 1. The past simple talks about actions and events in the past that are now finished. The present perfect shows a relation between past time and present time.
  7. 7. Present Perfect Past Simple She has phoned me four times so far. She phoned me two hours ago.
  8. 8. Present Perfect Past Simple She didn’t play golf yesterday. He has never played golf before.
  9. 9. Present Perfect Past Simple My sister has written many books. She still writes books. Shakespeare wrote many plays.
  10. 10. Present Perfect Past Simple He has worked there for six years. He doesn’t work there any more. . He still works there. He worked there six years.
  11. 11. Present Perfect Past Simple 2. to indicate that something happened at a specific time in the past. to talk about something that happened in the past, but we don’t specify when it has happened (because we don’t know or it is not important).
  12. 12. Present Perfect Past Simple He learned to ride a bike two months ago. He has already learned to ride a bike.
  13. 13. Present Perfect Past Simple The new school year has just begun. The new school year began yesterday.
  14. 14. Present Perfect Past Simple The plane to New York has already departed. The plane to New York departed two minutes ago.
  15. 15. Present Perfect Past Simple We use the present perfect for a state which has gone on up to the present. We use the past simple for a state in the past in a period which is finished. She has been in the hospital for three days. I was in the hospital for three days. She is not in the hospital now. 3. She is still in the hospital.
  16. 16. Present Perfect Past Simple She still lives in London. She has lived in London for two years. She lived in London for two years. She doesn’t live in London now.
  17. 17. Present Perfect Past Simple We use the present perfect with today, this morning, this week, etc. when these periods are not finished at the time of speaking. past Unfinished time now past Finished time now todaytoday We use the past simple with today, this morning, this week, etc. when these periods are finished at the time of speaking. 4.
  18. 18. Present Perfect Past Simple I haven’t shaved today. I didn’t shave today. The day is not finished. He may shave later or may not. The day has passed. It means he will not shave today.
  19. 19. Present Perfect Past Simple She has written three prescriptions this morning. It is still morning. The morning is over. She wrote three prescriptions this morning.
  20. 20. Present Perfect Past Simple The present perfect is used to give new information (general summary). The past simple is used to give the details. 5.
  21. 21. Present Perfect Past Simple
  22. 22. Freedigitalphotos.net Classroomclipart.com

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