Law, Ethics & Information Systems

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  • Habermas om Informationssystem 24 november 2004 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> [incidental music] by iDanSimpson cc by nc
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  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> Anything that is in the world when you're born is normal... Anything that's invented between when you're fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary… Anything invented after you're thirty-five is against the natural order of things.
  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
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  • Law, Ethics & Information Systems

    1. 1. Law, ethics & information systems <ul><li>Mathias Klang </li></ul>
    2. 2. Who are you? <ul><li>Users </li></ul><ul><li>Future systems developers & users </li></ul><ul><li>Digital citizens (sorry) </li></ul><ul><li>Students… </li></ul>
    3. 3. Ethics. A bad introduction.
    4. 4. <ul><li>“ Ethics is the knowledge about which response to choose and which action to do in a given situation ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ … ethics involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior ” </li></ul>
    5. 5. Ethics: a very very short version ethnocentrism Cultural relativism Culture Human Nature Good Evil Choice? Nurture Nature absolutism Ethical relativism Social construct Social Contract Rousseau Hobbes Utilitarianism Bentham - Happiness Teleological ethics Mill - Good Rule ethics Kant Duties – not impulses Categorical imperative Rawls Rule creation Veil of ignorance Habermas Discourse ethics
    6. 6. What is technology?
    7. 7. Technology: techne (art) & logos (discourse) <ul><li>T as object </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools, instruments, machines… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T as knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to make and use the objects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T as activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Methods, routines & skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T as sociotechnical system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design, development & control </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. A pattern of tech adoption
    9. 9. Initial optimism
    10. 10. Euphoric optimism
    11. 13. Concern
    12. 14. Social media & social change
    13. 15. optimism
    14. 16. Pessimism
    15. 17. an attempted revolution
    16. 18. balance
    17. 19. Technology changing society, but social rules slow to evolve…
    18. 20. Control?
    19. 21. Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced… to govern behavior , wherever possible. It shapes … and serves as a social mediator of relations between people .
    20. 22. Norms from above
    21. 23. Power to the people: Democracy
    22. 24. Power of the technocracy
    23. 25. Socio-legal regulation
    24. 26. Law Contextual & programmed social rules Architecture
    25. 27. Technology makes society
    26. 28. Only technology (spot the ethical dilemma?)
    27. 29. But first technological change – why it matters
    28. 30. Technological determinism
    29. 31. <ul><li>“ the notion is that a kind of invisible hand guides technology ever onward and upward, using individuals and organizations as vessels for its purposes but guided by a sort of divine plan for bringing the greatest good to the greatest number. ” </li></ul>
    30. 32. Game changer: storage
    31. 33. Production costs
    32. 34. Music unrecorded prior to 1857
    33. 35. What does this mean?
    34. 36. Technology as controller
    35. 37. Teknologisk determinism <ul><li>“ the medium... shapes and controls the scale and form of human association and action ” </li></ul><ul><li>McLuhan, M. (1962) The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man . </li></ul>
    36. 38. <ul><li>Technology does not judge us </li></ul><ul><li>Technology is all about efficiency (but for whom?) </li></ul><ul><li>Technology changes the environment and users by creating opportunity </li></ul>4
    37. 39. but… <ul><li>Understanding development? </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling development? </li></ul><ul><li>Truth? </li></ul>
    38. 40. We have (theoretical) control over Big Brother
    39. 41. If you are not paying for it, you're not the customer; you're the product being sold
    40. 42. What about democracy?
    41. 43. <ul><li>Technology = Communication = Society = Democracy </li></ul>TECHNOLOGY IS DEMOCRACY
    42. 44. TECHNÉ controls what & how we interact create & THINK
    43. 45. Communication Organization Protest Access Religion Privacy Culture Education Press
    44. 46. No sidewalks online
    45. 47. REGULATION OF TECHNOLOGY IS THE REGULATION OF DEMOCRACY
    46. 50. &
    47. 52. Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works. Anything that’s invented between fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it. Anything invented after you’re thirty-five is against the natural order when you’re of things.
    48. 53. ?
    49. 54. SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE OF TECHNOLOGY
    50. 55. EXEMPEL: INFORMATIONS- KONTROLL
    51. 56. DE LEGE FERENDA <ul><li>Lagen som den bör vara </li></ul>
    52. 57. Flickr 2000 2001 2002 2003 2005 2004 2006 Wikipedia Linkedin Blogger 1999 Second Life My Space Skype Digg Facebook Ning YouTube Twitter Spotify Google c:a 1998 2008 2007 2009 Farmville iphone Wikileaks Angry Birds
    53. 58. Teoretiska rättigheter går mot oundviklig handling
    54. 59. 2006 2007
    55. 60.
    56. 62. personalization
    57. 63. “ Having two identities for yourself is an example of a lack of integrity” <ul><li>Zuckerberg </li></ul>
    58. 64. “ Having two identities for yourself is an example of a lack of integrity” <ul><li>Mark Zuckerberg </li></ul>
    59. 66. It will be very hard for people to watch or consume something that has not in some sense been tailored for them. <ul><li>Eric Schmidt, Google </li></ul>
    60. 67. Technology is not inherently democratic
    61. 68. The internet is shows us what it thinks that we want to see – not what we need to see <ul><li>Eli Pariser </li></ul>
    62. 69. Identity & Information junk food.
    63. 70. Law without infrastructure
    64. 71. Problem 1: We are stupid
    65. 72. Problem 2: We don’ t know what we don ’ t know
    66. 73. Problem 3: difference between who I want to be & who I am…
    67. 74. Problem 4: The keepers of algorithms know this
    68. 75. There have always been gatekeepers.
    69. 76. We have (theoretical) control over Big Brother
    70. 77. A Squirrel Dying In Your Front Yard May Be More Relevant To Your Interests Right Now Than People Dying In Africa <ul><li>Mark Zuckerberg </li></ul>
    71. 78. DIN ROLL?
    72. 79. THANK YOU!
    73. 80. Information <ul><li>All images from www.flickr.com (unless specifically stated) </li></ul><ul><li>Image & licensing info in the notes section of slides </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA </li></ul><ul><li>The presentation can be downloaded from: www.slideshare.net/klang </li></ul><ul><li>More information about me: www.techrisk.se & www.digital-rights.net </li></ul><ul><li>Mathias Klang. [email_address] or @klang67 </li></ul>

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