Failure of Law: Social Media & Human Rights <ul><li>Mathias Klang  @klang67 </li></ul>
It cannot be helped, it is as it should be, that the law is behind the times. <ul><li>Oliver Wendell Holmes </li></ul>
The medium  is  the message <ul><li>Marshall McLuhan </li></ul>
The technology we use shapes and controls us more than the content.
Up until 1970-ies:  limited participation  & monopoly of distribution
We shape our tools and thereafter they shape us. <ul><li>Marshall McLuhan </li></ul>
Controlling the message.
 
Post 2000
 
 
We shape our tools and thereafter they shape us. <ul><li>Marshall McLuhan </li></ul>
meaning
Up to 3500 books <ul><li>Shop and download books in less than 60 seconds  </li></ul>
Online  everywhere
Social media
<ul><li>Social media…At its most basic sense, social media is a shift in how people discover, read and share news, informa...
 
2006 2007
Blogger 1999 Google 1999
From Orwell to Huxley
Regulation of technology is the regulation of democracy
 
Law is a  system  of rules and guidelines which are enforced… to  govern behavior , wherever possible. It shapes … and ser...
Control in  analogue world Control in digital world Law Contextual &  programmed social  rules Architecture
Only technology (spot the ethical dilemma?)
Technology makes society
Regulation of technology is the regulation of democracy
Sapir–Whorf hypothesis
The theoretically possible  becomes the inevitable <ul><li>Digitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity </li></ul><ul><li...
realizing the promises of the enlightenment
technooptimism
Revolution: Arab spring
 
technopessimism <ul><li>Post 2006 trend </li></ul>
censorship
fear <ul><li>At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a  body of ideas  which it is assumed that all right-thinking peop...
Twitter  <ul><li>“ Starting today, we give ourselves the ability to reactively withhold content from users in a specific c...
when we are required to withhold a Tweet in a specific country <ul><li>we will attempt to let the user know,  </li></ul><u...
privacy
Swedish Datalagen 1973 Data Protection  Directive 1995 PUL 1998 1984 1997 Nokia 6120 Mac Classic
Surveillance: gaze from above
Power relationship
 
Everybody exhibitionism
We used to leak information
Compartmentalization
Analog social norms
Protection from the outer gaze
Sousveillance: the gaze from below
“ friends”
Autoveillance: performance lifestyle
Exhibitionism? <ul><li>How is autoveillance possible? </li></ul>
End of privacy?
The Hive-mind
If you have done nothing wrong,  you have nothing to fear
Damaging information does not have to be wrong, illegal or immoral.
Daily me & Filter bubble
personalization
The internet is shows us what it thinks that we want to see – not what we need to see <ul><li>Eli Pariser </li></ul>
Identity & Information junk food.
It will be very hard for people to watch or consume something that has not in some sense been tailored for them. <ul><li>E...
Technology is not inherently democratic
 
Warning! “Multiplication can produce powerful numbers” <ul><li>Copyriot (Rasmus Fleischer) </li></ul>
Law without infrastructure
Lawmakers secretly “dislike” technology
Douglas Adams <ul><li>Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of ...
if law ignores technology, technology will rule us.
Only technology (spot the ethical dilemma?)
Problem 1: We are stupid
Problem 2: We don’ t know what we don ’ t know
Problem 3: difference between who I want to be & who I am…
Problem 4: The keepers of algorithms know this
There have always been  gatekeepers.
We have (theoretical) control over Big Brother
Regulation of technology is the regulation of democracy
Law without infrastructure
What do the people who control what we can do, think?
What will they let us think?
A Squirrel Dying In Your Front Yard May Be More Relevant To Your Interests Right Now Than People Dying In Africa <ul><li>M...
The problem  with autonomy
THANKS!
Information <ul><li>All images from  www.flickr.com  (unless specifically stated) </li></ul><ul><li>Image & licensing info...
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Failure of Law - Social Media & Human Rights

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  • Failure of Law - Social Media & Human Rights

    1. 1. Failure of Law: Social Media & Human Rights <ul><li>Mathias Klang @klang67 </li></ul>
    2. 2. It cannot be helped, it is as it should be, that the law is behind the times. <ul><li>Oliver Wendell Holmes </li></ul>
    3. 3. The medium is the message <ul><li>Marshall McLuhan </li></ul>
    4. 4. The technology we use shapes and controls us more than the content.
    5. 5. Up until 1970-ies: limited participation & monopoly of distribution
    6. 6. We shape our tools and thereafter they shape us. <ul><li>Marshall McLuhan </li></ul>
    7. 7. Controlling the message.
    8. 9. Post 2000
    9. 12. We shape our tools and thereafter they shape us. <ul><li>Marshall McLuhan </li></ul>
    10. 13. meaning
    11. 14. Up to 3500 books <ul><li>Shop and download books in less than 60 seconds </li></ul>
    12. 15. Online everywhere
    13. 16. Social media
    14. 17. <ul><li>Social media…At its most basic sense, social media is a shift in how people discover, read and share news, information and content . It's a fusion of sociology and technology, transforming monologues (one to many) into dialogues (many to many) and is the democratization of information, transforming people from content readers into publishers. </li></ul><ul><li>(Wikipedia, May 2009) </li></ul>
    15. 18.
    16. 20. 2006 2007
    17. 21. Blogger 1999 Google 1999
    18. 22. From Orwell to Huxley
    19. 23. Regulation of technology is the regulation of democracy
    20. 25. Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced… to govern behavior , wherever possible. It shapes … and serves as a social mediator of relations between people .
    21. 26. Control in analogue world Control in digital world Law Contextual & programmed social rules Architecture
    22. 27. Only technology (spot the ethical dilemma?)
    23. 28. Technology makes society
    24. 29. Regulation of technology is the regulation of democracy
    25. 30. Sapir–Whorf hypothesis
    26. 31. The theoretically possible becomes the inevitable <ul><li>Digitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul>
    27. 32. realizing the promises of the enlightenment
    28. 33. technooptimism
    29. 34. Revolution: Arab spring
    30. 36. technopessimism <ul><li>Post 2006 trend </li></ul>
    31. 37. censorship
    32. 38. fear <ul><li>At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed that all right-thinking people will accept without question... </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy finds himself silenced with surprising effectiveness . </li></ul>
    33. 39. Twitter <ul><li>“ Starting today, we give ourselves the ability to reactively withhold content from users in a specific country” </li></ul>
    34. 40. when we are required to withhold a Tweet in a specific country <ul><li>we will attempt to let the user know, </li></ul><ul><li>we will clearly mark when the content has been withheld. </li></ul><ul><li>As part of that transparency, we’ve expanded our partnership with Chilling Effects </li></ul>
    35. 41. privacy
    36. 42. Swedish Datalagen 1973 Data Protection Directive 1995 PUL 1998 1984 1997 Nokia 6120 Mac Classic
    37. 43. Surveillance: gaze from above
    38. 44. Power relationship
    39. 46. Everybody exhibitionism
    40. 47. We used to leak information
    41. 48. Compartmentalization
    42. 49. Analog social norms
    43. 50. Protection from the outer gaze
    44. 51. Sousveillance: the gaze from below
    45. 52. “ friends”
    46. 53. Autoveillance: performance lifestyle
    47. 54. Exhibitionism? <ul><li>How is autoveillance possible? </li></ul>
    48. 55. End of privacy?
    49. 56. The Hive-mind
    50. 57. If you have done nothing wrong, you have nothing to fear
    51. 58. Damaging information does not have to be wrong, illegal or immoral.
    52. 59. Daily me & Filter bubble
    53. 60. personalization
    54. 61. The internet is shows us what it thinks that we want to see – not what we need to see <ul><li>Eli Pariser </li></ul>
    55. 62. Identity & Information junk food.
    56. 63. It will be very hard for people to watch or consume something that has not in some sense been tailored for them. <ul><li>Eric Schmidt, Google </li></ul>
    57. 64. Technology is not inherently democratic
    58. 66. Warning! “Multiplication can produce powerful numbers” <ul><li>Copyriot (Rasmus Fleischer) </li></ul>
    59. 67. Law without infrastructure
    60. 68. Lawmakers secretly “dislike” technology
    61. 69. Douglas Adams <ul><li>Anything that is in the world when you’re born is normal and ordinary and is just a natural part of the way the world works. Anything that’s invented between when you’re fifteen and thirty-five is new and exciting and revolutionary and you can probably get a career in it. Anything invented after you’re thirty-five is against the natural order of things. </li></ul>
    62. 70. if law ignores technology, technology will rule us.
    63. 71. Only technology (spot the ethical dilemma?)
    64. 72. Problem 1: We are stupid
    65. 73. Problem 2: We don’ t know what we don ’ t know
    66. 74. Problem 3: difference between who I want to be & who I am…
    67. 75. Problem 4: The keepers of algorithms know this
    68. 76. There have always been gatekeepers.
    69. 77. We have (theoretical) control over Big Brother
    70. 78. Regulation of technology is the regulation of democracy
    71. 79. Law without infrastructure
    72. 80. What do the people who control what we can do, think?
    73. 81. What will they let us think?
    74. 82. A Squirrel Dying In Your Front Yard May Be More Relevant To Your Interests Right Now Than People Dying In Africa <ul><li>Mark Zuckerberg </li></ul>
    75. 83. The problem with autonomy
    76. 84. THANKS!
    77. 85. Information <ul><li>All images from www.flickr.com (unless specifically stated) </li></ul><ul><li>Image & licensing info in the notes section of slides </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA </li></ul><ul><li>The presentation can be downloaded from: www.slideshare.net/klang </li></ul><ul><li>More information about me: www.techrisk.se & www.digital-rights.net </li></ul><ul><li>Mathias Klang. [email_address] or @klang67 </li></ul>

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