Technologies of control & desire


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Technologies of control & desire. First lecture in Civic Media

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  • Eugene Polley (November 29, 1915 – May 20, 2012) was an engineer and engineering manager for Zenith Electronics and most widely known for inventing the wireless remote control
  • Law and Prophets from Lawrence OP cc by nc nd
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    Kan allt vara etisk ställningstagande?
    Är allt etiska ställningstagande?
    Ställningstagande kräver tanke!
    Varför man gör något
    Oreflekterad handlande även kopplad till ovan ej etiskt ställningstagande
  • Lady in red From Furryscaly cc by sa
    Finns privata etisk ställningstagande?
    Om skäl ej anges
    Vad är bra skäl?
    Vilka normer skall vi ta hänsyn till?
    Här finner vi olika etiska teorier
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    technology as developing independent from social concerns. They would say that technology creates a set of powerful forces acting to regulate our social activity and its meaning. According to this view of determinism we organize ourselves to meet the needs of technology and the outcome of this organization is beyond our control or we do not have the freedom to make a choice regarding the outcome.Soft determinists still subscribe to the fact that technology is the guiding force in our evolution, but would maintain that we have a chance to make decisions regarding the outcomes of a situation. This is not to say that free will exists but it is the possibility for us to roll the dice and see what the outcome is.
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  • In the April 1935 issue of the magazine Everyday Science and Mechanics, the ‘next logical step in the world of publishing’ was envisioned: a mechanical microfilm reader mounted on a large pole that would theoretically allow you to sit back in your armchair and scroll through the pages of a book with the push of a button. Of course, unlike the modern iPad, which offers the same function, it’s not exactly portable – much less so than the book sitting on the table right next to the illustrated man.
  • As envisioned in the 1930s and 1960s using radio and satellite technology, respectively, the future of newspapers would involve home printing machines that spit out the day’s news automatically each morning and evening. Philco-Ford’s Newspaper Printer, featured in an episode of the CBS show ‘The 21st Century’ entitled ‘At Home, 2001′, “provides a summary of news relayed by satellite from all over the world,” says narrator Walter Cronkite. “Now to get a newspaper copy for permanent reference I just turn this button, and out it comes. When I’ve finished catching up on the news I might check the latest weather. This same screen can give me the latest reports on the stocks I might own.”
  • How can you determine whether you will have a successful marriage? According to an April 1924 issue of Science and Invention magazine about scientific love matching, you simply hook yourself up to a mating machine that measures your physical attraction and sympathy for your chosen partner. Recording the pulses of couples and checking their breathing while they embrace, and making sure they feel ‘sympathetic enough’ while watching their partner undergo an unpleasant procedure like having their blood drawn may not sound all that outrageous, but two other tests were even stranger. In the Body Odor Test, one partner is placed inside a capsule while the other is asked to take a sniff; if they don’t find the smells too objectionable, they’re probably a good match. The Nervous Disorder test aims to find out whether couples are too nervous around each other by testing their reaction to a surprise gunshot in the air.
  • Throughout the 20th century, visions of the future often assumed that our 21st century lives would be full of leisure thanks to machines and automated processes. By the year 2000, they figured we’d only have to work for part of the week, and robots would do all the hardest labor. Radio-controlled farm robots, as envisioned in the syndicated comic strip Closer Than We Think!, would virtually eliminate the need for manual labor in fields. And in the March 1931 issue of Country Gentleman, the ‘farmer of the year 2031′ tends his farm virtually from a large flat-panel television.
  • A 1910 call for predictions about the year 2000 included this vision of how students will learn, one not far from what Teach Paperless sees. Image: French National Library.
  • Vita Radium Suppositories c:a 1930 image not CC licensed.
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  • John Souza
  • 2001 Wikipedia, Tripadvisor
    2002 Linkedin
    2003 Pirate Bay, MySpace, Second Life
    2004 Facebook, digg, flickr
    2005 Youtube, Reddit
    2006 Twitter, Spotify, Slideshare
    2007 iPhone, tumblr
    2009 Klout, Farmville, WhatsApp, Foursquare, Kickstarter
    2010 Kik Messenger, Instagram, Pinterest
    2011 Google+, Snapchat
    2012 Whisper, Vine
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  • Orwell through repression, Huxley through trivialization
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  • Technologies of control & desire

    1. 1. Technologies of control & desire Mathias Klang @klangable
    2. 2. Can you make an ethical choice?
    3. 3. Which choices don’t need to be ethical?
    4. 4. Ethical zones Ethical choices Effects on others Effects on other sentient beings Effects on non-feeling beings, ecosystems & culture etc
    5. 5. The non-choice choice: ethics without thought? Why did you drink coffee this morning?
    6. 6. Which reasoning makes a choice ethical? The unreasoned choice
    7. 7. Aristotle’s Golden mean Ethics: a very very short version ethnocentrism Cultural relativism Culture Nurture Nature Choice? Human Nature Good Evil absolutism Ethical relativism Social construct Social Contract Rousseau Hobbes Utilitarianism Mill - Good Teleological ethics Bentham - Happiness Rule ethics Kant Duties – not impulses Categorical imperative Rawls Rule creation Veil of ignorance Habermas Discourse ethics Virtue ethics
    8. 8. Where technology?
    9. 9. Technology: techne (art) & logos (discourse) • T as object – Tools, instruments, machines… • T as knowledge – How to make and use the objects • T as activity – Methods, routines & skills • T as sociotechnical system – Design, development & control
    10. 10. In America I had arranged with a gramophone firm to make some of my music. This suggested the idea that I should compose something whose length should be determined by the capacity of the record. Igor Stravinsky (1925)
    11. 11. Technological determinism
    12. 12. determinism Nothing to be done.
    13. 13. Technological determinism: society's technology drives the development of its social structure and cultural values
    14. 14. We role the dice Hard vs soft determinists
    15. 15. L. Winner: do artifacts have politics?
    16. 16. Who creates what controls us?
    17. 17. Techno-Love
    18. 18. Euphoric optimism
    19. 19. Techno-Fear
    20. 20. …you give your disciples not truth, but only the semblance of truth; they will be hearers of many things and will have learned nothing; they will appear to be omniscient and will generally know nothing; they will be tiresome company, having the show of wisdom without the reality. Plato – The Phaedrus (ca 370 bc)
    21. 21. “The word written on parchment will last a thousand years. The printed word is on paper. How long will it last? The most you can expect a book of paper to survive is two hundred years.” Johannes Trithemius (1494) In Praise of Scribes
    22. 22. Rail travel at high speeds is not possible because passengers, unable to breathe, would die of asphyxia. Dionysius Lardner (1830) The Steam Engine Explained
    23. 23. No one will pay good money to get from Berlin to Potsdam in one hour when he can ride his horse there in one day for free. William I of Prussia (1864), on the invention of trains
    24. 24. Newspapers & Telegraph create nervous disorders by exposing people to "the sorrows of individuals everywhere” George M Beard (1881)
    25. 25. These talking machines are going to ruin the artistic development of music in this country. When I was a front of every house in the summer evenings, you would find young people together singing the songs of the day or old songs. Today you hear these infernal machines going night and day. We will not have a vocal cord left. The vocal cord will be eliminated by a process of evolution, as was the tail of man when he came from the ape. John Philip Sousa (1854 – 1932)
    26. 26. Today’s discussion
    27. 27. Google 1999 Blogger 1999
    28. 28. Orwell v. Huxley
    29. 29. Destroying Culture & Knowledge
    30. 30. Censorship v. Information overload
    31. 31. Captives v. Trivial
    32. 32. Fear & Pain v. Entertainment & Stimuli
    33. 33. Check out Evgeny Morosov!
    34. 34. Optimism!
    35. 35. Mathias Klang or @klangable Image & licensing info in the notes section of slides. Images at (or specifically stated). This ppt licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Download presentation