Will technology set us free?   Mathias Klang                                          @klang67Techno-optimism& human rights
Critique:technology Empowerment                 Autonomy, FoI, Speech/censorship,democracy       privacy & access to inf...
It cannot be helped, it is as it should be, thatthe law is behind the times. Oliver Wendell Holmes
Rights of citizen & Man (1789)
Killer app 1789
Universal declaration of human rights (1948)
Killer app 1948
We have moved on
It gets worse…
Anything that is in the world when you’re born isnormal and ordinary and is just a natural part of theway the world works....
if law ignores technology,technology will rule us.
How did weend up here?
Living thecyborg dream
Egyptian wood & leather prosthetic toe (ca1069 to 664 B.C)
Portrait of Hugh de Provence (1352)
Ludicrously brief history of                computers
hollerith
Generation 3 (1964-72)
The digital is the original    & everything is copy
Killer apps 1995: Browser wars
Everything is miscellaneous
91 %            Access to the Internet at home83 %            Access to broadband at home7%              Never used a comp...
Blogger 1999Google 1999               End of communications monopoly
Normalizing the abnormal
Social Norms
Players compete to find the most unusual and original location in which   to play… Rigidity of the body must be maintained...
The regulation of technology           is the regulation of democracyAutonomy
The theoretically possible                   becomes the inevitableDigitalizationConnectivityDevicesStorage
realizing the promises of the        enlightenment
technooptimism
Sapir–Whorf hypothesis
Only technology(spot the ethical dilemma?)
Technology makes society
personalization
A Squirrel Dying InYour Front Yard MayBe More Relevant To Your Interests Right   Now Than People      Dying In Africa     ...
It will be very hard forpeople to watch orconsume somethingthat has not in somesense been tailored forthem. Eric Schmidt, ...
The internet is shows us what it thinks that wewant to see – not what we need to see Eli Pariser
Identity & Information junk food.
Freedom of information
“In every society, the definition of marriage                  has not ever to my knowledge included                     h...
Neologism & Google             bomb
Santorum = “the frothymixture of lube andfecal matter that issometimes thebyproduct of anal sex”
June 2011,Santorumasks googlefor help
Freedomofspeechtriumphs
February 2012 Googlealgorithm ranking change
Freedom of Speech
iTunes censor fail
The FacebookElbowbreast
censorship
At any given moment there is an   orthodoxy, a body of ideas   which it is assumed that allright-thinking people will acce...
“Starting today, we give ourselves the ability to reactively withholdcontent from users in a specific country”            ...
(1) we will attempt to let the user    know,(2) we will clearly mark when the    content has been withheld.(3) As part of ...
The norms of others
privacy
PUL                                                    1998                                  Data ProtectionSwedish Datala...
Surveillance: gaze from above
Power relationship
Everybody exhibitionism
We used to leak information
Compartmentalization
Analog social norms
Protection from the outer gaze
Sousveillance: the gaze from below
“friends”
Autoveillance: performance lifestyle
How is autoveillance possible?Exhibitionism?
End of privacy?
The Hive-mind
If you have done nothing wrong,     you have nothing to fear
Damaging information does not have to    be wrong, illegal or immoral.
Access toinfrastructure
The memory hole
"We have found your account is directly related to anotherwhich has been previously closed for abuse of our policies.As su...
Closing thoughts
Control in                      digital world       Law   Contextual &programmed social       rules   Architecture        ...
Problem 1: We are stupid
Problem 2: We don’t know whatwe don’t know
Problem 3: who I want to be & who I am…
Problem 4: The keepers of     algorithms know this
There have always beengatekeepers.
We have (theoretical) control over           Big Brother
Regulation of technology is the regulationof democracy
Law without infrastructure
Why is the law behind the times?
Regulating users:    The problem  with autonomy
Regulating technology             providers
Underappreciating the regulatoryeffects of technology
Conspiracy theory
THANKS!
Mathias Klang     klang@ituniv.se or @klang67           www.digital-rights.netImage & licensing info in the notes         ...
Will technology set us free
Will technology set us free
Will technology set us free
Will technology set us free
Will technology set us free
Will technology set us free
Will technology set us free
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  • teknologireglering 29 januari 2008 Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se>
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  • Introspection. from e³°°° cc by sa In May 2003, the columnist and gay rights activist Dan Savage held a contest among his readers to create a definition for the word "santorum" [1][2] as a response to comments by then-U.S. Senator Rick Santorum that were anti-gay. [3] Savage announced the winning entry, which defined "santorum" as "the frothy mixture of lube and fecal matter that is sometimes the byproduct of anal sex." [4] He created a web site, spreadingsantorum.com (and santorum.com ), to promote the definition, which became a prominent search result for Santorum's name on several web search engines.
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  • Mathias Klang <klang@informatik.gu.se> Handelshögskolan 18 september 2002 Så gott som varje persondator i Sverige bröt mot den gamla datalagen
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  • Friday, February 15, 2013 Mathias Klang klang@ituniv.se Foucault (1926-1984) & Benthams ( 1748 – 1832) ) model prison – The Panopticon Övervakningsarkitektur This shapes how individuals see themselves and leads them to behave differently than they might if they weren ’ t being observed
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  • Will technology set us free

    1. 1. Will technology set us free? Mathias Klang @klang67Techno-optimism& human rights
    2. 2. Critique:technology Empowerment  Autonomy, FoI, Speech/censorship,democracy privacy & access to infrastructure
    3. 3. It cannot be helped, it is as it should be, thatthe law is behind the times. Oliver Wendell Holmes
    4. 4. Rights of citizen & Man (1789)
    5. 5. Killer app 1789
    6. 6. Universal declaration of human rights (1948)
    7. 7. Killer app 1948
    8. 8. We have moved on
    9. 9. It gets worse…
    10. 10. Anything that is in the world when you’re born isnormal and ordinary and is just a natural part of theway the world works. Anything that’s invented betweenwhen you’re fifteen and thirty-five is new and excitingand revolutionary and you can probably get a career init. Anything invented after you’re thirty-five is againstthe natural order of things. Douglas Adams
    11. 11. if law ignores technology,technology will rule us.
    12. 12. How did weend up here?
    13. 13. Living thecyborg dream
    14. 14. Egyptian wood & leather prosthetic toe (ca1069 to 664 B.C)
    15. 15. Portrait of Hugh de Provence (1352)
    16. 16. Ludicrously brief history of computers
    17. 17. hollerith
    18. 18. Generation 3 (1964-72)
    19. 19. The digital is the original & everything is copy
    20. 20. Killer apps 1995: Browser wars
    21. 21. Everything is miscellaneous
    22. 22. 91 % Access to the Internet at home83 % Access to broadband at home7% Never used a computerSource: Sweden Statistics 2011 (*Individuals aged 16-74)
    23. 23. Blogger 1999Google 1999 End of communications monopoly
    24. 24. Normalizing the abnormal
    25. 25. Social Norms
    26. 26. Players compete to find the most unusual and original location in which to play… Rigidity of the body must be maintained to constitute goodThat’s Good planking planking.
    27. 27. The regulation of technology is the regulation of democracyAutonomy
    28. 28. The theoretically possible becomes the inevitableDigitalizationConnectivityDevicesStorage
    29. 29. realizing the promises of the enlightenment
    30. 30. technooptimism
    31. 31. Sapir–Whorf hypothesis
    32. 32. Only technology(spot the ethical dilemma?)
    33. 33. Technology makes society
    34. 34. personalization
    35. 35. A Squirrel Dying InYour Front Yard MayBe More Relevant To Your Interests Right Now Than People Dying In Africa Mark Zuckerberg
    36. 36. It will be very hard forpeople to watch orconsume somethingthat has not in somesense been tailored forthem. Eric Schmidt, Google
    37. 37. The internet is shows us what it thinks that wewant to see – not what we need to see Eli Pariser
    38. 38. Identity & Information junk food.
    39. 39. Freedom of information
    40. 40. “In every society, the definition of marriage has not ever to my knowledge included homosexuality. Thats not to pick on homosexuality. Its not, you know, man on child, man on dog, or whatever the case may be.”Sen. Santorum (2003)compares homosexuality topedophilia & bestiality
    41. 41. Neologism & Google bomb
    42. 42. Santorum = “the frothymixture of lube andfecal matter that issometimes thebyproduct of anal sex”
    43. 43. June 2011,Santorumasks googlefor help
    44. 44. Freedomofspeechtriumphs
    45. 45. February 2012 Googlealgorithm ranking change
    46. 46. Freedom of Speech
    47. 47. iTunes censor fail
    48. 48. The FacebookElbowbreast
    49. 49. censorship
    50. 50. At any given moment there is an orthodoxy, a body of ideas which it is assumed that allright-thinking people will accept without question... Anyone who challenges the prevailing orthodoxy findshimself silenced with surprising effectiveness. fear
    51. 51. “Starting today, we give ourselves the ability to reactively withholdcontent from users in a specific country” Twitter
    52. 52. (1) we will attempt to let the user know,(2) we will clearly mark when the content has been withheld.(3) As part of that transparency, we’ve expanded our partnership with Chilling Effects when we are required to withhold a Tweet in a specific country
    53. 53. The norms of others
    54. 54. privacy
    55. 55. PUL 1998 Data ProtectionSwedish Datalagen Directive 1973 1995 1984 1997 Mac Classic Nokia 6120
    56. 56. Surveillance: gaze from above
    57. 57. Power relationship
    58. 58. Everybody exhibitionism
    59. 59. We used to leak information
    60. 60. Compartmentalization
    61. 61. Analog social norms
    62. 62. Protection from the outer gaze
    63. 63. Sousveillance: the gaze from below
    64. 64. “friends”
    65. 65. Autoveillance: performance lifestyle
    66. 66. How is autoveillance possible?Exhibitionism?
    67. 67. End of privacy?
    68. 68. The Hive-mind
    69. 69. If you have done nothing wrong, you have nothing to fear
    70. 70. Damaging information does not have to be wrong, illegal or immoral.
    71. 71. Access toinfrastructure
    72. 72. The memory hole
    73. 73. "We have found your account is directly related to anotherwhich has been previously closed for abuse of our policies.As such, your Amazon.co.uk account has been closed andany open orders have been cancelled. Please understandthat the closure of an account is a permanent action. Anysubsequent accounts that are opened will be closed aswell. Thank you for your understanding with our decision."
    74. 74. Closing thoughts
    75. 75. Control in digital world Law Contextual &programmed social rules Architecture Control in analogue world
    76. 76. Problem 1: We are stupid
    77. 77. Problem 2: We don’t know whatwe don’t know
    78. 78. Problem 3: who I want to be & who I am…
    79. 79. Problem 4: The keepers of algorithms know this
    80. 80. There have always beengatekeepers.
    81. 81. We have (theoretical) control over Big Brother
    82. 82. Regulation of technology is the regulationof democracy
    83. 83. Law without infrastructure
    84. 84. Why is the law behind the times?
    85. 85. Regulating users: The problem with autonomy
    86. 86. Regulating technology providers
    87. 87. Underappreciating the regulatoryeffects of technology
    88. 88. Conspiracy theory
    89. 89. THANKS!
    90. 90. Mathias Klang klang@ituniv.se or @klang67 www.digital-rights.netImage & licensing info in the notes section of slides. Images at www.flickr.com (or specifically stated). This ppt licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Download presentation www.slideshare.net/klang

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