Privacy with Internet


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  • Louis Brandeis & Samuel Warren "The Right to Privacy," 4 Harvard Law Review 193-220 (1890-91)
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  • A reporter for the New York Daily News, Thomas Howard, sat in the front row as a woman named Ruth Snyder sat in the electric chair, in Sing Sing, in 1928; he had a concealed camera on his ankle, and he took a picture of Snyder as the electricity surged through her body. The picture sold an incredible amount of newspapers Monday, October 24, 2011 Mathias Klang
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  • AIR travellers will be invited to take part in "virtual strip searches" [X-rays] at Australian airports when the Federal Government begins trials of security screening measures this month. The measures include a body scanner [X-rays] that can see what lies under a person's clothes. The Government says the scanner could detect weapons and explosives, but critics say it is an invasion of privacy. "It provides detailed images of a person's body … which many people might find highly embarrassing," said Stephen Blanks, of the NSW Council for Civil Liberties. Monday, October 24, 2011 Mathias Klang
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  • Monday, October 24, 2011 Mathias Klang Foucault (1926-1984) & Benthams ( 1748 – 1832) ) model prison – The Panopticon Övervakningsarkitektur This shapes how individuals see themselves and leads them to behave differently than they might if they weren ’ t being observed
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  • Privacy with Internet

    1. 1. Privacy with Internet <ul><li>Mathias Klang </li></ul>
    2. 2. “ Having two identities for yourself is an example of a lack of integrity” <ul><li>Mark Zuckerberg (2010) </li></ul>
    3. 7. History: how did we get to this?
    4. 8. Privacy?
    5. 9. privacy <ul><li>(from Latin: privatus &quot;separated from the rest, deprived of something, esp. office, participation in the government&quot;, from privo &quot;to deprive&quot;) is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves or information about themselves and thereby reveal themselves selectively . (Wikipedia) </li></ul>
    6. 10. Historical & socio-biological construct
    7. 12. The Right to Privacy <ul><li>The intensity and complexity of life, attendant upon advancing civilization, have rendered necessary some retreat from the world…solitude and privacy have become more essential to the individual; but modern enterprise and invention have, through invasions upon his privacy, subjected him to mental pain and distress… </li></ul>Warren and Brandeis The Right to Privacy, 4 Harvard Law Review 193 (1890)
    8. 13. The gaze <ul><li>Data collection Data analysis </li></ul>
    9. 14. Data Spatial
    10. 15. Technology threats
    11. 18. Paparazzi (1898)
    12. 19. <ul><li>The execution of Ruth Snyder 1928 </li></ul>
    13. 23. Democratization of surveillance
    14. 25. Child Locator GPS Watch
    15. 26. Teen arrive alive
    16. 27. & other interesting toys
    17. 28. AM/FM Clock radio wireless hidden camera
    18. 29. Shower AM-FM Mirror Radio 
    19. 30. And what about Manufacturers responsibility?
    20. 31. regulation
    21. 32. The law
    22. 33. Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced… to govern behavior , wherever possible. It shapes … and serves as a social mediator of relations between people .
    23. 34. Norms from above
    24. 35. Power to the people: Democracy
    25. 36. Power of the technocracy
    26. 37. Socio-legal regulation
    27. 38. Law Contextual & programmed social rules Architecture
    28. 39. Technology makes society
    29. 40. Only technology (spot the ethical dilemma?)
    30. 41. Data protection laws
    31. 42. Swedish Datalagen 1973 Data Protection Directive 1995 PUL 1998 1984 1997 Nokia 6120 Mac Classic
    32. 43. Personuppgiftslagen (1998)
    33. 44. All information that directly or indirectly points to a live physical person
    34. 45. Autonomy – user control
    35. 46. Harmless – ordinary – Sensitive data
    36. 47. Ramsbrofallet (2001)
    37. 48. Bodil Lindqvist (2003)
    38. 49. And then…
    39. 50. But first technological change – why it matters
    40. 51. Game changer: storage
    41. 52. Game changer: communication
    42. 53. Digitalization Connectivity Storage Devices
    43. 54. Flickr 2000 2001 2002 2003 2005 2004 2006 Wikipedia Linkedin Blogger 1999 Second Life My Space Skype Digg Facebook Ning YouTube Twitter Spotify Google c:a 1998 2008 2007 2009 Farmville iphone Wikileaks Angry Birds
    44. 55. Theoretical rights become inevitable practice
    45. 56. Technology changing society, but social rules slow to evolve…
    46. 57. Surveillance: A gaze from above
    47. 58. power <ul><li>How is surveillance possible? </li></ul>
    48. 59. The state <ul><li>Information gathering </li></ul>
    49. 62. Sousveillance: A gaze from below
    50. 63. Social ties <ul><li>How is sousveillance possible? </li></ul>
    51. 64. “ friends”
    52. 65. Strength of Weak ties <ul><li>“ Weak ties provide people with access to information and resources beyond those available in their own social circle; but strong ties have greater motivation to be of assistance and are typically more easily available.” (Granovetter, 1983, pp 209) </li></ul>
    53. 66. Autoveillance: a gaze from within
    54. 67. Exhibitionism? <ul><li>How is autoveillance possible? </li></ul>
    55. 68. myself
    56. 69. We leak information
    57. 70. Compartmentalization
    58. 71. Analog social norms
    59. 72. Protection from the outer gaze
    60. 73. Theory? <ul><li>Narcissism is a term with a wide range of meanings, depending on whether it is used to describe a central concept of psychoanalytic theory, a mental illness, a social or cultural problem, or simply a personality trait. Except in the sense of primary narcissism or healthy self-love, &quot;narcissism&quot; usually is used to describe some kind of problem in a person or group's relationships with self and others. (wikipedia) </li></ul>
    61. 74. Data analysis
    62. 75. Eula: Licensing to the weak
    63. 76. Today we have a mix of sur, sous & autoveillance. regulation mainly focuses on surveillance.
    64. 77. End of privacy?
    65. 78. The Hive-mind
    66. 79. If you have done nothing wrong, you have nothing to fear
    67. 80. threats?
    68. 81. Other people <ul><li>Cyberbullying </li></ul><ul><li>Stalking </li></ul><ul><li>Burgulary </li></ul>
    69. 82. Corporations
    70. 83. We have (theoretical) control over Big Brother
    71. 84. If you are not paying for it, you're not the customer; you're the product being sold.
    72. 85. State & Corporations
    73. 86. The filter bubble <ul><li>Eli Pariser </li></ul>
    74. 87. Identity & Information junk food.
    75. 88. The Net delusion <ul><li>Evgeny Morozov </li></ul>
    76. 89. Technology is not inherently democratic
    77. 90. A Squirrel Dying In Your Front Yard May Be More Relevant To Your Interests Right Now Than People Dying In Africa <ul><li>Mark Zuckerberg </li></ul>
    78. 91. Thank you.
    79. 92. Information <ul><li>All images from (unless specifically stated) </li></ul><ul><li>Image & licensing info in the notes section of slides </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA </li></ul><ul><li>The presentation can be downloaded from: </li></ul><ul><li>More information about me: & </li></ul><ul><li>Mathias Klang. [email_address] or @klang67 </li></ul>