Greek geography

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Greek geography

  1. 1. E. Napp
  2. 2. E. Napp
  3. 3. • In this lesson, students will identify characteristics of Greece’s geography and its impact on the development of ancient cultures. • Students will be able to identify and/or define the following terms and concepts: The Geography of Greece Geographic Effects on Greek cultures • Polis • • E. Napp
  4. 4. Greece is mountainous. E. Napp
  5. 5. Greece is a mountainous peninsula with islands. E. Napp
  6. 6.  Its hilly terrain made farming difficult  Its location encouraged trade. E. Napp
  7. 7. Mountains separated Greek cities. E. Napp
  8. 8.  The ancient Greeks never developed a unified system of government.  The ancient Greeks developed the polis or city-state. E. Napp
  9. 9. This magnificent building is the Parthenon. The Parthenon was a temple in Athens, a Greek polis. Athens E. Napp
  10. 10.  Athens was an important polis in ancient Greece.  The people of Athens developed democracy.  Democracy is a system of government where citizens vote or participate in government. E. Napp
  11. 11. In Athenian democracy, only free men born in Athens could vote. Women, slaves, and foreigners could not vote. E. Napp
  12. 12. This is a painting of the famous Athenian philosopher, Socrates. He encouraged his followers to ask questions. E. Napp
  13. 13.  Athens experienced a golden age.  A golden age is a time of peace, prosperity, and great achievements.  The Athenians produced great works of literature, philosophy, and art. E. Napp
  14. 14. Sparta was another important Greek polis. E. Napp
  15. 15.  Sparta was a militaristic polis.  In Sparta, all men had to serve in the military.  Weak or disabled babies were left to die. Sparta Video E. Napp
  16. 16. A Spartan’s life revolved around the military. A Spartan man was a soldier for most of his life. E. Napp
  17. 17. E. Napp
  18. 18.  How would you feel if your entire life revolved around fighting and being a soldier? E. Napp
  19. 19.  The Spartans had helots or slaves.  The helots farmed for the Spartans.  While the helots farmed, the Spartans focused on military affairs.  Life in Sparta differed greatly from life in Athens. E. Napp
  20. 20. The Spartans had enslaved the helots. E. Napp
  21. 21.      What was a polis and why did the Greeks develop the polis? Define a golden age and name a Greek polis that experienced a golden age. List three differences between the ancient Greek polis of Athens and Sparta. Who were the helots and how were they treated? Describe Athenian democracy. E. Napp

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