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Golden Age Of Greece


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Golden Age Of Greece

  1. 1. Greece The Golden Age of
  2. 2. I. Philosophers (Lovers of Wisdom) <ul><li>Humanism- the belief that humans can use reason and observation to question the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetoric: The art of skillful </li></ul><ul><li>speaking </li></ul>
  3. 3. A. Socrates <ul><li>- “The unexamined life is not worth living.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Socratic Method: Question everything. </li></ul><ul><li>- Put on trial for not respecting the gods and corrupting the youth. </li></ul>
  4. 4. B. Plato <ul><li>1. Socrates’ Student </li></ul><ul><li>2. Opened the Academy </li></ul><ul><li>3. Wrote The Republic </li></ul><ul><li>4. 3 Classes </li></ul><ul><li>A. Workers - Produce </li></ul><ul><li>B. Soldiers – Defend </li></ul><ul><li>C. Philosophers - Rule </li></ul>
  5. 5. C. Aristotle <ul><li>A. Plato’s student </li></ul><ul><li>B. Believed the best ruler was a strong virtuous leader. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Set up the Lyceum </li></ul><ul><li>(a school) </li></ul>
  6. 6. II. Art and Architecture Nike of Samothrace
  7. 7. A. Sculpture <ul><li>Sculptor’s used both realism and idealism. </li></ul><ul><li>Realism - showing humans as they are </li></ul><ul><li>Idealism - showing humans in perfect form. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Discobulus: Discus Thrower
  9. 9. B. Architecture
  10. 10. The Parthenon The Lincoln Memorial
  11. 11. - Greek architecture is characterized by the use of columns. DORIC IONIC CORINTHIAN
  12. 12. III. Drama <ul><li>A. Tragedy </li></ul><ul><li>Plays about human suffering that usually ended in disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Playwrights: Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides </li></ul>
  13. 13. B. Comedy <ul><li>Humorous plays that mocked (poked fun at) people or customs. </li></ul><ul><li>Playwright: Aristophanes </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>A. Mathematics : </li></ul><ul><li>Pythagoras: sides of a right triangle </li></ul><ul><li>Euclid: Wrote The Elements (book that is the basis for Geometry) </li></ul>IV. Hellenistic Advancements
  15. 15. <ul><li>B. Science : </li></ul><ul><li>Aristarchus: calculated that the earth rotated on its axis. </li></ul><ul><li>Archimedes: physics </li></ul><ul><li>Invented the lever and pulley. </li></ul>
  16. 16. C. Medicine <ul><li>Hippocrates </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor who studied the causes of illness and devised cures. </li></ul><ul><li>- Developed the Hippocratic Oath: </li></ul><ul><li>- help sick, do no harm </li></ul><ul><li>- protect privacy </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ancient Greek Alphabet