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Ancient greece geography


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Ancient greece geography

  1. 1. Ancient Greece Chapter 11 Section 1 The Geography of Greece * An amazing power point made by RACHEL KIM*
  2. 2. Geography Shapes Ancient Greek Life <ul><li>- Greece is a peninsula , a body of land that has water on all three sides, that sticks out into the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>The southern tip of Greece forms another peninsula called the Peloponnesus </li></ul><ul><li>An isthmus is a narrow strip of land that links the Peloponnesus to the rest of Greece </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>70-80% of Greece is covered by mountains </li></ul><ul><li>The mountainous landscape and environment makes land transportation very difficult </li></ul><ul><li>This also made it hard to unite Greece under one government </li></ul><ul><li>There are no large rivers on which Greeks could travel </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Greek weather: </li></ul><ul><li>Winter- rainy and mild. Around 50 degrees F </li></ul><ul><li>Summer- hot and dry. Around 80 degrees F </li></ul><ul><li>Warm climate during the summer encouraged outdoor activities and athletic competitions </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Rocky Greek lands made only 20-30% of the land suitable for farming. This creates a big problem for farmers and herders, which make up more than half of the Greek population </li></ul><ul><li>Greece also lacked natural resources , like precious metals </li></ul><ul><li>However Greece did have plenty of stone for building , and good sites for harbors </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Greek society: </li></ul><ul><li>Upper class were made up of some landowners (They could support themselves) </li></ul><ul><li>Only men could own property (As a girl, I feel This is totally not fair) </li></ul><ul><li>Landowners usually had enough money to pay for war equipments like swords , shields , and helmets (This allowed them to serve in the army for Greece) </li></ul><ul><li>Poor people and merchants made up the rest of Greek society </li></ul>
  7. 7. Trade helps Greece prosper <ul><li>The sea influenced Greece in so many ways </li></ul><ul><li>Most Greek cities were built right on harbors </li></ul><ul><li>The Mediterranean in the south was the largest sea </li></ul><ul><li>The smaller Ionian SEA (West), and the Agean Sea (east) branched to the Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>All three seas were used As transportation routes (Mainly the Mediterranean) </li></ul>
  8. 9. The Earliest Greeks
  9. 11. Quick Review (Yay! Aren’t you excited?) <ul><li>What were the main features of the geography of Greece? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the mountains affect life in Greece? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the sea affect Greek life? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the sea help the Greek economy? </li></ul><ul><li>How did trade influence Greek culture? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the Greeks learn from trading with other people? </li></ul>