Classical Greece and Rome Chapter 10, Section 1
What is Classical Europe? <ul><li>Ancient Greece and Rome dominate the  Classical Period  – 800 B.C. to A.D. 400 </li></ul>
Ancient Greece <ul><li>The Classical period of Greece reached its “Golden Age” in the 400s B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B.C....
Ancient Greece <ul><li>By that time (400s B.C.), the city-state, or  polis , had grown from kingdom to  democracy . </li><...
Ancient Greece <ul><li>Athenian artists produced famous and influential works of philosophy, literature, and drama. </li><...
Ancient Greece <ul><li>The city-states of Athens and Sparta fought frequently attempting to expand their borders </li></ul...
Alexander’s Empire <ul><li>What lands were included in Alexander’s empire, and how did he influence his empire? </li></ul>...
Alexander’s Empire
The Rise of Rome <ul><li>Rome was settled sometime around 1000 B.C. and dominated much of the Italian peninsula by 700 B.C...
The Rise of Rome <ul><li>Rome started as a monarchy, but changed to a  republic .  What is a  republic ? </li></ul><ul><li...
The Rise of Rome <ul><li>Roman law was based of the Twelve Tables. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bronze tablets on which laws rega...
From Republic to Empire <ul><li>From 264 to 146 B.C., a series of wars transformed the Roman Republic into the Roman Empir...
From Republic to Empire <ul><li>In 44 B.C., Julius Caesar was killed before he could become first emperor of Rome. </li></...
The Roman Empire <ul><li>The Romans built advanced temples, stadiums,  aqueducts , and roads. </li></ul><ul><li>During the...
The Roman Empire
 
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Chapter 10, Section 1 Classical Greece and Rome

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7th Grade Geography - Swift Creek Middle School

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Chapter 10, Section 1 Classical Greece and Rome

  1. 1. Classical Greece and Rome Chapter 10, Section 1
  2. 2. What is Classical Europe? <ul><li>Ancient Greece and Rome dominate the Classical Period – 800 B.C. to A.D. 400 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ancient Greece <ul><li>The Classical period of Greece reached its “Golden Age” in the 400s B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B.C. – What does that mean? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>B.C.= Before Christ </li></ul><ul><li>A.D.= Anno Domini (In the year of [the/Our] Lord) </li></ul><ul><li>How does it all work? </li></ul><ul><li>OK – Back to Greece -> </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ancient Greece <ul><li>By that time (400s B.C.), the city-state, or polis , had grown from kingdom to democracy . </li></ul><ul><li>Athens was the home of the world’s first democratic constitution </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ancient Greece <ul><li>Athenian artists produced famous and influential works of philosophy, literature, and drama. </li></ul><ul><li>The three great philosophers were Socrates , Plato , and Aristotle </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ancient Greece <ul><li>The city-states of Athens and Sparta fought frequently attempting to expand their borders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Persia brings them together briefly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the 300s B.C., Philip II and Alexander the Great conquered all of Greece </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander’s empire would eventually include Persia and Egypt and stretched to India </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Alexander’s Empire <ul><li>What lands were included in Alexander’s empire, and how did he influence his empire? </li></ul><ul><li>The empire included Persia and India and stretched into India in the East. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander spread Greek Culture everywhere he invaded. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Alexander’s Empire
  9. 9. The Rise of Rome <ul><li>Rome was settled sometime around 1000 B.C. and dominated much of the Italian peninsula by 700 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Because Italy could be easily invaded, the Romans had to develop a strong army. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Rise of Rome <ul><li>Rome started as a monarchy, but changed to a republic . What is a republic ? </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Rome chose two consuls to represent them. </li></ul><ul><li>The consuls reported to the Senate, which was made up of landowners who served for life. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Rise of Rome <ul><li>Roman law was based of the Twelve Tables. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bronze tablets on which laws regarding wills, courts, and property were recorded. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. From Republic to Empire <ul><li>From 264 to 146 B.C., a series of wars transformed the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered peoples were granted Roman citizenship and rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Under the empire, Senators lost their power to emperors. </li></ul>
  13. 13. From Republic to Empire <ul><li>In 44 B.C., Julius Caesar was killed before he could become first emperor of Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>In 31 B.C., Caesar’s nephew Octavius becomes Caesar Augustus , first emperor of Rome. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Caesar Augustus establishes the Pax Romana </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The Roman Empire <ul><li>The Romans built advanced temples, stadiums, aqueducts , and roads. </li></ul><ul><li>During the rule of Agustus, Jesus of Nazareth was born. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For centuries to follow, Christians were persecuted in Rome. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A.D. 300s – Christianity becomes official religion </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Roman Empire

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