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Western Europe - Northern Region


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Western Europe - Northern Region

  1. 1. Western Europe<br />Northern Region<br />
  2. 2. Nordic Nations <br />Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark<br />Known as:<br />Land of fire and ice<br />Land of the midnight sun<br />
  3. 3. Iceland<br />Capital: Reykjavik<br />Language: Icelandic<br />Climate: Temperate due to warming by the North Atlantic Current<br />Government: Unitary Parliamentary Republic<br />Economy: Free market, wealthy, highly developed<br />Currency: Icelandic Krona<br />Geology: Mountains, Sandy plateaus, Glaciers, Fjords, Volcanoes, Geysers<br />
  4. 4. Iceland<br />Religion<br />Freedom of Religion<br />National Church – Lutheran<br />81% belong to National Church<br />8% other Christian<br />Requires teaching Christianity in schools<br />
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  7. 7. Norway<br />Capital: Oslo<br />Language: Norwegian<br />Climate: Warmed by Gulf Stream, but still cold and snowy in winter<br />Government: Unitary Parliamentary Democracy & Constitutional Monarchy<br />Economy: Mixed Economy, 2nd wealthiest nation in world, High standard of living, High cost of living<br />Currency: Norwegian Krone<br />Geology: Mountains, Glaciers, Fjords,<br />
  8. 8. Norway<br />Religion<br />Freedom of Religion<br />National Church – <br />79% belong to national church, but most aren’t true believers<br />2% attend church regularly<br />72% do not believe in a “personal God”<br />One of the most secular countries in the world<br />
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  10. 10. Sweden<br />Capital: Stockholm<br />Language: Swedish<br />Climate: Temperate, warmed by Gulf Stream<br />Government: Unitary Parliamentary Democracy & Constitutional Monarchy<br />Economy: Mixed Economy, Wealthy, High taxes<br />Currency: Swedish Krona<br />Geology: Long coastline, large country<br />
  11. 11. Sweden<br />Religion<br />Freedom of Religion since 1951<br />Highly secular – only 2% attend church<br />Large Muslim population – about 5% practice Islam<br />46% - 85% atheistic, but many still maintain church membership<br />
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  13. 13. Finland<br />Capital: Helsinki<br />Language: Finnish, Swedish<br />Climate: Warm summers, freezing winters<br />Government: Parliamentary Republic<br />Economy: Mixed Economy, Wealthy<br />Currency: Euro<br />Geology: Mostly flat with thousands of lakes, largely forested<br />
  14. 14. Finland<br />Religion<br />Freedom of Religion<br />80% - Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland<br />2% attend church regularly<br />
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  16. 16. Denmark<br />Capital: Copenhagen<br />Language: Danish<br />Climate: Temperate with mild winters and cool summers<br />Government: Unitary Parliamentary Democracy & Constitutional Monarchy<br />Economy: Mixed Economy, Wealthy, Income Equality, World’s Highest Income Tax<br />Currency: Danish Krone<br />Geology: Mostly surrounded by coastline, flat<br />
  17. 17. Denmark<br />Religion<br />Freedom of Religion<br />81% - Danish National Church (Lutheran)<br />4% Muslim<br />43% - 80% atheistic<br />
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  19. 19. Major Landforms<br />Glaciers shaped land – created fjords<br />Baltic Shield<br />2 peninsulas<br />Scandinavia – Norway and Sweden<br />Jutland - Denmark<br />
  20. 20. Water Systems<br />Only Denmark connected to Europe by land<br />Baltic Sea<br />Separated Scandinavia<br />North Sea<br />Valuable for fishing, oil, and natural gas<br />
  21. 21. Midnight Sun<br />Northern latitude leads to extremely long summer days and short winter days<br />At northern most latitudes,<br />In summer, the sun won’t set for weeks<br />In winter, the sun never truly rises<br />Winter is prime opportunity to view Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights<br />
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  23. 23. Climate<br />
  24. 24. Gulf Stream<br />