Chapter 14 section 3

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Chapter 14 section 3

  1. 1. SECTION 4Scandinavia
  2. 2. HISTORY Once home to fierce Vikings  Raided Europe and Mediterranean in Middle Ages  Used longboats to attack villages along coasts and rivers  Conquered British Isles, Finland, part of France, Germany, and Russia 800s & 900s  Vikings est. settlements in Iceland and Greenland  1st Europeans to reach North America; led by Leif Eriksson 1100s  Raids ended  Scandinavian chiefs strengthened kingdoms  Norway, Sweden, & Denmark were most powerful 1300s  Denmark ruled a union of Scandinavian kingdoms and territories  Eventually power challenged by Sweden 1900s  Scandinavian countries wanted their independence  Today all but Greenland are independent countries  Greenland remains part of Denmark as a self-ruling territory
  3. 3. SCANDINAVIA TODAY Countries are similar  Same political views, language, and religion  Wealthy cities, strong economies, and well educated workers  High standards of living & health care  All peaceful, stable, and prosperous nations
  4. 4. SWEDEN Largest & most populous Most live in cities & towns For 200 years has been neutral country Play active role in U.N. and E.U.
  5. 5. DENMARK Once most powerful & smallest Most densely populated 50% of land used for farming  Meat & dairy products are important exports Modern industrial economy  Food processing, machinery, furniture, & electronics
  6. 6. GREENLAND Part of North America Territory of Denmark 80% covered by thick ice Interior of country is uninhabitable Live mostly along southwestern coast in tundra climate Recent movement for independence  Economic problems make it unlikely
  7. 7. NORWAY Long, narrow, & rugged country Valuable resources  Oil & natural gas Major fishing & shipping country Fjords shelter harbors Citizens have refused to gain E.U.
  8. 8. FINLAND Lies between Sweden and Russia Trade is important Produces paper products & forest products Ship building and electronics
  9. 9. ICELAND Greener than name implies Fertile farmland  Produce potatoes and vegetables  Supports cattle and sheep 70% of exports are fish Hot water from geysers heats homes & greenhouses

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