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Instructional Design for Distance Education
Objectives <ul><li>Create dynamic sessions using five design components </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt traditional formats </li><...
Teletechniques : The Five Basic Design Components Participation Humanizing Feedback Delivery Evaluation
<ul><li>The process of creating an atmosphere which focuses on the importance of the individual and overcomes distance by ...
Humanizing <ul><li>Gives the “first impression” </li></ul><ul><li>Allows everyone to get acquainted </li></ul><ul><li>Show...
Humanizing <ul><li>Welcome letter </li></ul><ul><li>Feature sites, students </li></ul><ul><li>Gather data about learners, ...
Participation <ul><li>The process of getting beyond the technology by providing opportunities for spontaneous interaction ...
Participation <ul><li>Increases learning </li></ul><ul><li>Affects creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Influences opinion change ...
Participation <ul><li>Directed or planted questions </li></ul><ul><li>Reports & assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Role-playing...
<ul><li>Presenting what’s to be said in such a way that it will be received, understood and remembered. </li></ul>Message ...
Message Delivery <ul><li>We think faster than we listen. </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrated listening should be presented in “...
Message Delivery <ul><li>Gain attention (video, personal story, show stopper) </li></ul><ul><li>Advance organizers (syllab...
More Suggestions <ul><li>Short segments (10-15 minutes long) </li></ul><ul><li>Vary pacing </li></ul><ul><li>Team teach fo...
Feedback <ul><li>Tells the learner “the degree of correctness” with respect to understanding content.  </li></ul>
Feedback <ul><li>Reinforces learners </li></ul><ul><li>Provides opportunity to correct misunderstandings or add omissions ...
Feedback <ul><li>Must be timely </li></ul><ul><li>Positive feedback more useful </li></ul><ul><li>Should be specific </li>...
Feedback <ul><li>Acknowledge learner responses </li></ul><ul><li>Help learners to form correct responses </li></ul><ul><li...
Evaluation <ul><li>Taking the pulse of learners. </li></ul>
Evaluation <ul><li>Answers questions like: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting or boring? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compreh...
Evaluation <ul><li>Verbal group feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Ask about the value of information </li></ul><ul><li>Use group ...
<ul><li>Humanizing Summary: </li></ul><ul><li>Is directly related to satisfaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides for needed s...
<ul><li>Participation Summary: </li></ul><ul><li>Increases learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be “doing” or “thinking.” </li>...
<ul><li>Message Delivery  Summary: </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be well-organized. </li></ul><ul><li>Should provide variety ...
<ul><li>Feedback & Evaluation  </li></ul><ul><li>Summary: </li></ul><ul><li>Important in communicating,  </li></ul><ul><li...
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Instructional Design For Distance Education

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Keys to consider when using Interactive Television for instruction

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Instructional Design For Distance Education

  1. 1. Instructional Design for Distance Education
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Create dynamic sessions using five design components </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt traditional formats </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze what works, what doesn’t </li></ul><ul><li>Plan a lesson </li></ul>
  3. 3. Teletechniques : The Five Basic Design Components Participation Humanizing Feedback Delivery Evaluation
  4. 4. <ul><li>The process of creating an atmosphere which focuses on the importance of the individual and overcomes distance by generating group rapport. </li></ul>Humanizing
  5. 5. Humanizing <ul><li>Gives the “first impression” </li></ul><ul><li>Allows everyone to get acquainted </li></ul><ul><li>Shows genuine concern for individual </li></ul><ul><li>Learners may have different expectations </li></ul>Why is it important?
  6. 6. Humanizing <ul><li>Welcome letter </li></ul><ul><li>Feature sites, students </li></ul><ul><li>Gather data about learners, sites </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize special occasions </li></ul><ul><li>SMILE! </li></ul><ul><li>Use music or sound effects </li></ul><ul><li>Visit sites </li></ul>Suggested Humanizing Techniques
  7. 7. Participation <ul><li>The process of getting beyond the technology by providing opportunities for spontaneous interaction between participants. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Participation <ul><li>Increases learning </li></ul><ul><li>Affects creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Influences opinion change </li></ul><ul><li>Should happen within first 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Can be physical or mental activity </li></ul><ul><li>Is vital in distance learning </li></ul>Why is it important?
  9. 9. Participation <ul><li>Directed or planted questions </li></ul><ul><li>Reports & assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Role-playing & skits </li></ul><ul><li>Games & competitions </li></ul><ul><li>Self-test to start & end sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-class and post class sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Debates, pro & con discussions </li></ul>Suggested Participation Techniques
  10. 10. <ul><li>Presenting what’s to be said in such a way that it will be received, understood and remembered. </li></ul>Message Delivery
  11. 11. Message Delivery <ul><li>We think faster than we listen. </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrated listening should be presented in “short bits.” </li></ul><ul><li>Variety helps maintain interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Previewing helps engage learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition reinforces key points. </li></ul><ul><li>Media should guide learners & reinforce verbal message. </li></ul>Why is it important?
  12. 12. Message Delivery <ul><li>Gain attention (video, personal story, show stopper) </li></ul><ul><li>Advance organizers (syllabus, course outline) </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal cues: (“Now this is important ...”) </li></ul><ul><li>Print & media support </li></ul>Suggested Delivery Techniques
  13. 13. More Suggestions <ul><li>Short segments (10-15 minutes long) </li></ul><ul><li>Vary pacing </li></ul><ul><li>Team teach for variety of voices & styles </li></ul><ul><li>Use instructional videos & multimedia </li></ul>
  14. 14. Feedback <ul><li>Tells the learner “the degree of correctness” with respect to understanding content. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Feedback <ul><li>Reinforces learners </li></ul><ul><li>Provides opportunity to correct misunderstandings or add omissions </li></ul><ul><li>Improves effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Gauges learner progress </li></ul>Why is it important?
  16. 16. Feedback <ul><li>Must be timely </li></ul><ul><li>Positive feedback more useful </li></ul><ul><li>Should be specific </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain confidentiality </li></ul>Conditions for Effective Feedback
  17. 17. Feedback <ul><li>Acknowledge learner responses </li></ul><ul><li>Help learners to form correct responses </li></ul><ul><li>Use check points in materials </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate performance </li></ul><ul><li>Have learners self-evaluate </li></ul>Suggested Feedback Techniques
  18. 18. Evaluation <ul><li>Taking the pulse of learners. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Evaluation <ul><li>Answers questions like: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting or boring? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Omissions? </li></ul></ul>Why is it important?
  20. 20. Evaluation <ul><li>Verbal group feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Ask about the value of information </li></ul><ul><li>Use group questions </li></ul><ul><li>View tapes </li></ul><ul><li>Written and electronic evaluation forms </li></ul><ul><li>Ask others for their opinions </li></ul>Suggested Evaluation Techniques
  21. 21. <ul><li>Humanizing Summary: </li></ul><ul><li>Is directly related to satisfaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides for needed social conventions. </li></ul><ul><li>Sets expectations. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Participation Summary: </li></ul><ul><li>Increases learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be “doing” or “thinking.” </li></ul><ul><li>Taps the full capabilities of </li></ul><ul><li>technology. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Message Delivery Summary: </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be well-organized. </li></ul><ul><li>Should provide variety through </li></ul><ul><li>pacing, support media, activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be in short segments. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Feedback & Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Summary: </li></ul><ul><li>Important in communicating, </li></ul><ul><li>learning and motivating </li></ul><ul><li>Should be part of every session </li></ul><ul><li>Can be verbal, nonverbal, written, </li></ul><ul><li>electronic </li></ul><ul><li>Comes from ourselves or others </li></ul>

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