STUART MOULTHROP 2005  UNIVERSITY OF BALTIMORE <ul><li>WHAT THE GEEKS </li></ul><ul><li>KNOW:  </li></ul><ul><li>HYPERTEXT...
WHAT THE GEEKS KNOW <ul><li>CATCHING WAVES  –  History of hypertext </li></ul><ul><li>MISREADING READING ’- NEA – reading ...
Moulthrop (2005) <ul><li>Argues that we should define hypertext on the basis for a new version of general literacy </li></...
DALGAARD and LIESTOL identify three waves in the history of hypertext <ul><li>1 st  wave – V.Bush, Nelson, Engelbart and V...
1 ST  WAVE <ul><li>Hypertext and the problem with literacy </li></ul>Google Images, viewed 10May, 2010
HYPERTEXT Google Image, viewed 10 May, 2010
History of hypertext 1987 – launch of HyperCard by Apple Other systems around at the time included NoteCards, Guide, Inter...
XML  Open hypermedia systems community now influence the Web Contextual  and conceptual linking gone Is it accepted?  ONTO...
Semantic Web Google Images, viewed 10 May, 2010
2 nd  wave Personal computer  Google Images, viewed 10 May, 2010
3 Wave – The Archive Dalgaard Google Images, 10 May, 2010
Google Images, 10 May, 2010
Misreading Reading <ul><li>Reading, writing and participation in terms of the archive. </li></ul>
US  National Endowment for the Arts ‘READING AT RISK’
What the Geeks Know
Semantic web <ul><li>http://vimeo.com/6590604 </li></ul>
Moulthrop questions “How should education respond to the challenges of an increasingly mediated world?”  “How can it enabl...
‘ Universal Without Totality ’ <ul><li>Universiality  – discourses or methods available </li></ul><ul><li>to all. </li></u...
“The Lottery of Babylon” Borges, 1941 The concept of general literacy of pathwork, universal but not total, could signific...
Media Education <ul><li>An approach which is concerned with teaching and learning about the media </li></ul><ul><li>Repres...
Other digital literacy programs <ul><li>Programs are now developed around increasing participation and engagement in their...
DIGITAL MEDIA and Learning Henry Jenkins, 2010- MIT
References Australian Communication Media Authority (ACMA) 2010,  The ACMA digital media literacy research program . Viewe...
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What the Geek addresses the changes in literacy's which are occuring

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  • Theodor Holm (Ted) Nelson, the father of the word &amp;quot;hypertext,&amp;quot; is also the creator of Project Xanadu and of interactive media and network publishing. He postulated and started planning for the network, deriving a number of words current in the computer field, including &amp;quot;image synthesis,&amp;quot; &amp;quot;technoid,&amp;quot; &amp;quot;dildonics,&amp;quot; &amp;quot;transclusion,&amp;quot; and &amp;quot;electronic visualization.&amp;quot; He is the author of numerous books and articles.While the World Wide Web may owe much of its inspiration to Project Xanadu, Nelson himself is an opponent of the Web, the Internet, XML, and all embedded markup. He continues to work on development of alternative information structures, most notably the ZigZag structure and related technologies.Nelson is known for such quotes as &amp;quot;The purpose of computers is human freedom,&amp;quot; &amp;quot;No one&apos;s life has yet been simplified by a computer,&amp;quot; and &amp;quot;In 1974, computers were oppressive devices in far-off air-conditioned places; now you can be oppressed by computers in your own living room.&amp;quot; He is also fond of the anonymous quote, &amp;quot;If houses were built the way software is built, the first woodpecker would bring down civilization.&amp;quot; Related Links www.xanadu.com www.xanadu.com/zigzag www.iath.virginia.edu/elab/hfl0155.htmlBibliog
  • Douglas Engelbart invented the mouse, the graphical user interface, and the first working hypertext system, NLS, which was also the second computer system connected to the ARPANET.At the end of World War II, Douglas Engelbart was a 20 year old US Navy radar technician in the Philippines. One day in a Red Cross library, he picked up a copy of the Atlantic Monthly from July, 1945, read Vannevar Bush&apos;s article about his &amp;quot;memex&amp;quot; automated library system, and was profoundly influenced by the vision of the future of information technology.Sixteen years later Engelbart published his own version of Bush&apos;s vision, describing an advanced electronic information system in the paper &amp;quot;Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework&amp;quot;, prepared for the Air Force Office Of Scientific Research and Development, and extracted belo
  • Douglas Engelbart invented the mouse, the graphical user interface, and the first working hypertext system, NLS, which was also the second computer system connected to the ARPANET.At the end of World War II, Douglas Engelbart was a 20 year old US Navy radar technician in the Philippines. One day in a Red Cross library, he picked up a copy of the Atlantic Monthly from July, 1945, read Vannevar Bush&apos;s article about his &amp;quot;memex&amp;quot; automated library system, and was profoundly influenced by the vision of the future of information technology.Sixteen years later Engelbart published his own version of Bush&apos;s vision, describing an advanced electronic information system in the paper &amp;quot;Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework&amp;quot;, prepared for the Air Force Office Of Scientific Research and Development, and extracted belo
  • Semantic WebBy boohersblogSemantic Web is said to have been inspired by the same creator of the World Wide Web, John Berners-Lee. He had the inspiration to turn the web into a single repository for information instead of an enormous collection of web sites and pages.The Semantic Web is primarily focused upon machines while Web 2.0 is primarily focused upon people and social networking and collaboration. The Semantic Web is a project aimed to compile and present data in a manner that is understood by computers. The project aims to do this in such a way that the computers can then compile and aggregate information without the need for a human operator.The Semantic Web is not a seperate entity from the World Wide Web, it is simply a component of it. It adds new data, extending previous documents into further data. To achieve the means of the semantic web, developers have created RDF (Resource Description Framework) which is a framework that is used to turn web data into structured data that can be used by software.Semantic Web is most commonly used in research and life sciences where it is utilized to easily compile lists of medicines and illnesses that would otherwise be quite difficult to aggregate.
  • /Users/kathrynlewis/desktop/what the geek

    1. 1. STUART MOULTHROP 2005 UNIVERSITY OF BALTIMORE <ul><li>WHAT THE GEEKS </li></ul><ul><li>KNOW: </li></ul><ul><li>HYPERTEXT AND </li></ul><ul><li>THE PROBLEM OF </li></ul><ul><li>LITERACY </li></ul>
    2. 2. WHAT THE GEEKS KNOW <ul><li>CATCHING WAVES – History of hypertext </li></ul><ul><li>MISREADING READING ’- NEA – reading at risk. </li></ul><ul><li>3. WHAT THE GEEKS KNOW - hypertext operationalises the deconstruction of writing. </li></ul><ul><li>LITERACY IN BABYLON - god is the dice </li></ul>Google Image, viewed 10May, 2010
    3. 3. Moulthrop (2005) <ul><li>Argues that we should define hypertext on the basis for a new version of general literacy </li></ul>Google Image, viewed 10May, 2010
    4. 4. DALGAARD and LIESTOL identify three waves in the history of hypertext <ul><li>1 st wave – V.Bush, Nelson, Engelbart and Van Dam </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd wave –Introduction of personal computers </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd wave- Digital native or researchers who have had technology from the start of their career </li></ul>
    5. 5. 1 ST WAVE <ul><li>Hypertext and the problem with literacy </li></ul>Google Images, viewed 10May, 2010
    6. 6. HYPERTEXT Google Image, viewed 10 May, 2010
    7. 7. History of hypertext 1987 – launch of HyperCard by Apple Other systems around at the time included NoteCards, Guide, Intermedia, Hyper-G , Microcosm embyronic Web
    8. 8. XML Open hypermedia systems community now influence the Web Contextual and conceptual linking gone Is it accepted? ONTOLOGIES
    9. 9. Semantic Web Google Images, viewed 10 May, 2010
    10. 10. 2 nd wave Personal computer Google Images, viewed 10 May, 2010
    11. 11. 3 Wave – The Archive Dalgaard Google Images, 10 May, 2010
    12. 12. Google Images, 10 May, 2010
    13. 13. Misreading Reading <ul><li>Reading, writing and participation in terms of the archive. </li></ul>
    14. 14. US National Endowment for the Arts ‘READING AT RISK’
    15. 15. What the Geeks Know
    16. 16. Semantic web <ul><li>http://vimeo.com/6590604 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Moulthrop questions “How should education respond to the challenges of an increasingly mediated world?” “How can it enable young people to become active, and critical participants”
    18. 18. ‘ Universal Without Totality ’ <ul><li>Universiality – discourses or methods available </li></ul><ul><li>to all. </li></ul><ul><li>Totality – claims to the absolute truth. </li></ul><ul><li>Postmoderism discarded both . </li></ul><ul><li>Levy 2001, states that Universal must be rescued </li></ul><ul><li>Which is the practice and know how. </li></ul>
    19. 19. “The Lottery of Babylon” Borges, 1941 The concept of general literacy of pathwork, universal but not total, could significantly advance understanding and practice. (Moulthrop, 2005). Hypertext as a form of literacy, others have been preparing the ground For along time. Google Images, 10 May, 2010
    20. 20. Media Education <ul><li>An approach which is concerned with teaching and learning about the media </li></ul><ul><li>Representation </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Buckingham, 2003 </li></ul>
    21. 21. Other digital literacy programs <ul><li>Programs are now developed around increasing participation and engagement in their target groups and incorporating skills development in new emerging digital technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>ACMA, July 2000 </li></ul>
    22. 22. DIGITAL MEDIA and Learning Henry Jenkins, 2010- MIT
    23. 23. References Australian Communication Media Authority (ACMA) 2010, The ACMA digital media literacy research program . Viewed 15 April 2010, http://www.acma.gov.au/WEB/STANDARD/pc=PC_311472 . Buckingham, D. 2003. Media education: literacy, learning and contemporary culture. Cambridge: Polite Press. Levy, P, 2001, Cyberculture , Minneapolis U. Minnesota Press. Livingstone, S. 2003, ‘The Changing Nature and Uses of Media Literacy’. Working paper. London. London School of Economics. Available online at http:www.lse.ac.uk/collections/media@lse/mediaWorkingPapers/ewpNumbert4.htm (accessed April 4,2010). Lenhardt, A & Madden M 2007, Teen Content Creators and Consumers . Washington Pew Internet & American Life Project. Viewed 10 May, 2010, < http://www.pewInternet.org>. NML White paper 2009, viewed 10 May, 2010, <http://newmedialiteracies.org> Postman, N. 1969. Text address at the Convention of the National Council of Teachers of English, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. November, 1968.

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