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GIS 2.0: Impacts on Humanitarian Affairs and Genocide Studies

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Presentation given to the Geography 571: Geography of Genocide and Geography 526: Remote Sensing of the Environment I class at the University of Kansas on 22 March 2010

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GIS 2.0: Impacts on Humanitarian Affairs and Genocide Studies

  1. 1. GIS 2.0: Impacts on Humanitarian Affairs and Genocide Studies<br />Joshua S. Campbell – 22 March 2010<br />Guest Lecture: Geography 571 – Geography and Genocide<br />
  2. 2. Biography<br />PhD Candidate<br />GIS 2.0: Definition, Implications for Humanitarian Information Management, Disruptive Strategy for Implementation<br />Built the Cyberinfrastructure system at KARS/KBS<br />4th year of the project<br />Web mapping core, metadata portal, dynamic HTML redesign<br />Humanitarian Intelligence Analyst<br />Humanitarian Information Unit (HIU), U.S. Department of State<br />
  3. 3. Open Street Map – Haiti Edits Video<br />http://vimeo.com/9182869<br />
  4. 4. What is Web 2.0?<br />“a transformative force that’s compelling companies across all industries towards a new way of doing business characterized by harnessingcollective intelligence, openness, and network effects”<br />--Tim O’Reilly<br />
  5. 5. What is a GIS?<br />A digital representation of the earth, structured to support analysis (Dobson, 2007)<br />Automated systems for the collection, storage, retrieval, analysis, and display of spatial data (Clarke, 1995)<br />Should also include dissemination<br />Composed on software, hardware, and people<br />
  6. 6. GIS 2.0: A Reformulation<br /><ul><li>Free and Open Source Software
  7. 7. Web 2.0 philosophy
  8. 8. collective intelligence, network effects, openness
  9. 9. Internet as a platform
  10. 10. Open Standards
  11. 11. Interoperability</li></li></ul><li>
  12. 12. GIS 2.0: A Reformulation<br />Ubiquitous communication<br />Widespread wired and wireless networks (voice and data)<br />Device convergence<br />Mobile devices increasing in power and functionality<br />Phone, camera, GPS, form-based database input, cellular, wifi<br />Cloud computing<br />SaaS, PaaS, IaaS<br />Network-driven commoditization of IT<br />
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  21. 21. Swift River – Crowdsource the filter<br />
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  26. 26. Review: GIScience and Genocide (Madden and Ross)<br />Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods<br />Critical GIS: Debate within Geography<br />Utility of high-resolution satellite imagery<br />Ability to ‘scale’ the data from personal narrative to landscape<br />Virtual Globes as a medium for communication<br />Ease of use – Simplified GIS tools<br />
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  28. 28. Review: 8 Stages of Genocide (Stanton)<br />The eight stages of genocide are:<br />1. Classification<br />2. Symbolization<br />3. Dehumanization<br />4. Organization <br />5. Polarization<br />6. Preparation <br />7. Extermination<br />8. Denial<br />Utility of GIScience<br />The World is Watching<br />
  29. 29. Darfur – U.S. Declares Genocide (9-Sept-2004) <br />
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  35. 35. Google Earth Demo…..<br />
  36. 36. Conclusion<br />Long-term trend:<br />The importance of GIScience in humanitarian affairs and genocide studies will continue to increase<br />Evidence:<br />Darfur (high-resolution satellite imagery)<br />Haiti (Ushahidi and Crisis Mappers)<br />Iran (Twitter)<br />GIS 2.0 provides the framework for harmonizing the qualitative / quantitative divide in Geography<br />

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