Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

  1. 1. Chapter 8: Political Parties A More Perfect Union 1/e
  2. 2. Political Parties• Parties Today and Their Functions – Defining a Political Party – What Political Parties Do ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
  3. 3. Political Parties• The Three Faces of Parties – The Party in the Electorate • Measuring the Party in the Electorate • Determining Who Belongs to Each Political Party • Differences Between Democrats and Republicans ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3
  4. 4. Political Parties• The Three Faces of Parties (continued) – The Party Organization • National Parties • State Parties • County and Local Parties – The Party in Government • Divided Government ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
  5. 5. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5
  6. 6. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6
  7. 7. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7
  8. 8. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8
  9. 9. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9
  10. 10. Political Parties• Political Parties in U.S. History – The First Party System: The Development of Parties, 1789-1828 – The Second Party System: The Democrats’ Rise to Power, 1828-1860 – The Third Party System: The Republicans’ Rise to Power, 1860-1896 ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10
  11. 11. Political Parties• Political Parties in U.S. History (continued) – The Fourth Party System: Republican Dominance, 1896-1932 – The Fifth Party System: Democratic Dominance, 1932-1968 – A New Party System? ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11
  12. 12. Political Parties• Two-Party Domination in U.S. Politics – The Dualist Nature of Most Conflicts – The Winner-Take-All Electoral System – Continued Socialization to the Two-Party System – Election Laws That Favor the Two-Party System ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12
  13. 13. Political Parties• The Two-Party System Today: In Decline or in Resurgence? – The Party’s Over – The Party’s Just Begun ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13
  14. 14. Political Parties• Third Parties in the United States – Types of Third Parties • Issue Advocacy Parties • Ideologically Oriented Parties • Splinter Parties – The Impact of Third Parties ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14
  15. 15. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 15
  16. 16. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 16
  17. 17. Political Parties• New Technologies: The Parties in the Twenty-First Century – Instant communications – Democratization of the party process – Fundraising ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 17

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