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Chapter 13 & 8

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Chapter 13 & 8

  1. 1. Chapter 13: The Bureaucracy A More Perfect Union 1/e
  2. 2. The Bureaucracy• Bureaucrats and Bureaucracy – Who Are the Bureaucrats? – Bureaucracy: An Organizational Structure ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
  3. 3. The Bureaucracy• Federal Bureaucrats – Political Appointees – Civil Servants • Open Competition and Competence • Political Neutrality • Civil Service Reform Act (1978) • Unionized Civil Servants • The Senior Executive Service ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3
  4. 4. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
  5. 5. The Bureaucracy• State, Local, and Shadow Bureaucrats – Majority of bureaucrats are state and local – Devolution, contracting-out, and outsourcing ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5
  6. 6. The Bureaucracy• The Evolution and Organization of the Federal Bureaucracy – Departments – Independent Administrative Agencies – Independent Regulatory Commissions – Government Corporations – Executive Office of the President (EOP) ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6
  7. 7. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7
  8. 8. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8
  9. 9. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9
  10. 10. The Bureaucracy• Federal Bureaucrats’ Roles in Public Policy – Agenda Setting – Policy Formulation – Policy Approval – Resource Allocation – Policy Implementation – Policy Evaluation ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10
  11. 11. The Bureaucracy• Federal Bureaucratic Accountability – Accountability to the People – Accountability to the Courts – Accountability to Congress – Accountability to the President – Internal Accountability • Codes of Behavior and the Ethics in Government Act • Whistle-Blower Protections and Inspectors General ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11
  12. 12. The Bureaucracy• Can Bureaucratic Performance Be Improved? – The Best-Performing Bureaucracies – Does Contracting-Out Improve Performance? – Citizens’ Role in Bureaucratic Performance ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12
  13. 13. Chapter EightEnergy and the Environment
  14. 14. Exhibit 8-1CaliforniasEnergySupply andUse
  15. 15. Californias Electrical SupplyExhibit 8-2and Load On a Hot Summer Day
  16. 16. California’sExhibit 8-3Restructured Electrical System
  17. 17. Exhibit 8-4 The San Joaquin Valley Air Basin (NASA)Source: Photo courtesy of NASA/JPL/NIMA/USGS
  18. 18. Exhibit 8-4 The Fresno Eddy
  19. 19. Exhibit 8-5 The Principal Components of Air Pollution Global warming Adverse health effects such as asthma, heart disease, and cancer
  20. 20. Days Above State Standard forExhibit 8-6Maximum 1-Hour Ozone Level(0.09 parts per million)
  21. 21. Days Above State 24-Hour PM10Exhibit 8-6Standard (50 micrograms per cubic meter)
  22. 22. Exhibit 8-7CaliforniaPrecipitation
  23. 23. Exhibit 8-8 Water Use in California

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