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Chapter 14: The Judiciary   A More Perfect Union 1/e
The Judiciary• The Origins of the U.S. Judiciary  – The Constitution and the Judiciary Act of    1789: Establishing the Su...
The Judiciary• The Basis of U.S. Law  – The Language of U.S. Law  – Common Law    • Historical Basis of Common Law    • Th...
The Judiciary• Sources of U.S. Law  – The Federal and State Constitutions  – Statutes  – Judicial Decisions  – Executive O...
The Judiciary• The Federal Court System  – Jurisdiction of Federal Courts  – The Structure of Federal Courts    •   Federa...
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   6
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   7
The Judiciary• Selecting Judges for the Federal Bench  – The Senate’s Role in Appointment and    Confirmation  – Judicial ...
The Judiciary• The U.S. Supreme Court Today  – The Supreme Court’s Jurisdiction  – Choosing Cases for Review  – On the Doc...
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   10
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   11
The Judiciary• Judges as Policy Makers  – Activism Versus Restraint  – Competing Legal Interpretations          ©2011, The...
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   13
The Judiciary• Checks on U.S. Courts  – The Inner Ring: Legislatures and Chief    Executives  – The Gatekeepers: Participa...
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   15
Chapter SixPursuit of Justice
Exhibit 6-1                JusticeSource: Photo copyright © Michael Newman/Photo Edit Inc.
Civil Cases Filed in CaliforniaExhibit 6-2Superior Courts 2004 (1.5 million cases)
Exhibit 6-3                The Criminal Justice SystemSource: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics
Exhibit 6-4                   California Crime IndexSource: Office of the California Attorney General
Criminal Cases Filed in CaliforniaExhibit 6-5Superior Courts 2004-2005 (7.4 million cases)
California Crime, Arrests,Exhibit 6-6Convictions, & Incarcerations Indexed to 1980
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Chapter 14 & 6

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Chapter 14 & 6

  1. 1. Chapter 14: The Judiciary A More Perfect Union 1/e
  2. 2. The Judiciary• The Origins of the U.S. Judiciary – The Constitution and the Judiciary Act of 1789: Establishing the Supreme Court and the Federal District Courts – Marbury v. Madison and the Principle of Judicial Review – The Judiciary Act of 1891: Expanding the Federal Courts ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
  3. 3. The Judiciary• The Basis of U.S. Law – The Language of U.S. Law – Common Law • Historical Basis of Common Law • The Principle of Stare Decisis – Code Law ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3
  4. 4. The Judiciary• Sources of U.S. Law – The Federal and State Constitutions – Statutes – Judicial Decisions – Executive Orders – Administrative Law ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
  5. 5. The Judiciary• The Federal Court System – Jurisdiction of Federal Courts – The Structure of Federal Courts • Federal District Courts • U.S. Courts of Appeals • Special Courts • The U.S. Supreme Court within the Federal System ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5
  6. 6. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6
  7. 7. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7
  8. 8. The Judiciary• Selecting Judges for the Federal Bench – The Senate’s Role in Appointment and Confirmation – Judicial Competence – Ideology and Selection to the Bench – Representation of Demographic Groups ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8
  9. 9. The Judiciary• The U.S. Supreme Court Today – The Supreme Court’s Jurisdiction – Choosing Cases for Review – On the Docket: Considering the Case – Meeting in Conference: The Deliberative Stage – Deciding How to Vote: Voting Blocs on the Court – Writing the Opinion – The Supreme Court Today: The Roberts Court ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9
  10. 10. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10
  11. 11. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11
  12. 12. The Judiciary• Judges as Policy Makers – Activism Versus Restraint – Competing Legal Interpretations ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12
  13. 13. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13
  14. 14. The Judiciary• Checks on U.S. Courts – The Inner Ring: Legislatures and Chief Executives – The Gatekeepers: Participants in the Judicial Process • Law Enforcers’ Checks on the Judiciary • Interest Groups’ Checks on the Judiciary – Intra-Court Constraints – The Outer Ring: The Users ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14
  15. 15. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 15
  16. 16. Chapter SixPursuit of Justice
  17. 17. Exhibit 6-1 JusticeSource: Photo copyright © Michael Newman/Photo Edit Inc.
  18. 18. Civil Cases Filed in CaliforniaExhibit 6-2Superior Courts 2004 (1.5 million cases)
  19. 19. Exhibit 6-3 The Criminal Justice SystemSource: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics
  20. 20. Exhibit 6-4 California Crime IndexSource: Office of the California Attorney General
  21. 21. Criminal Cases Filed in CaliforniaExhibit 6-5Superior Courts 2004-2005 (7.4 million cases)
  22. 22. California Crime, Arrests,Exhibit 6-6Convictions, & Incarcerations Indexed to 1980

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