Investigating the 21st century k 16 social media use power point final version
Investigating the 21st Century K-16 Social Media Citizenship Focusing On Current Unregulated K – 16 Student Social Media Use Adalheidur Reed
What Age’s Are K-16 StudentsActively Using Social Media?
AbstractThis Study is aimed at examining social media use in K – 16 students, gauging at what age they initially start using social media, how and from whom they learn to use social media, what types of interactions they engage in (Good, Bad or UGLY!). Further assessing if there are currently any formal “Best Practice” examples for K – 16 students to follow, investigating if the time has come that the government step in with Formal Social Media Education (FSME) and or Standardized Social Media Curriculum (SSMC).
Introduction• To illuminate how far behind our current school system is in addressing the need for creating and incorporating SSMC a brief history of where social networking started and where it has come is needed.• The ability to socially interact via a computer mediated discourse is by no means new to our society. In fact, the ability to socially interact using computers has been around since ARPANET was created in 1968. In 1968 ARPANET became the world’s first packet switching network that composed a global internet. (Wikipedia, 2012)
Need For This Study• There are over 901 million active Facebook users and 400 million Twitter accounts (Wikipedia, 2012) .• Facebook and Twitter are banned or discouraged in most K -16 classroom environments.• How many of these users are K – 16 Students?• Who or what is teaching formal best practice?
Results From a Pilot Study Asking ParentsPerceptions of Their Childrens Social Media UseWhen asked “What type of online social media profile does your child have?” 92% reported their children used Facebook or 103 out of 112 responding to this item. Only 13% out of the103 respondents reported they used something other than the mainstream social media listed. # Answer Response % 1 Facebook 103 92% 2 MySpace 7 6% 3 Twitter 12 11% Yahoo 4 12 11% Messenger 5 Windows Live 19 17% 6 Skype 33 29% 7 Other 15 13%
How old was your child when theirfirst social media profile was created?• A total of 82%, or 95 participants out of 116 that responded to this item, had children under the age of 14 when their Social Media Profiles where created. # Answer Response % 1 1-5 9 8% 2 6-10 28 24% 3 11-14 68 59% 4 15-18 21 18%
Parents Monitoring?• When asked “Do you monitor your child- children while they engage in using online social media?” Only 13% answered “Yes Every Step”. # Answer Response % Yes Every 1 15 13% Step Most Of the 2 37 33% time 3 Pretty Much 34 30% 4 Not Much 25 22% 5 Not At All 1 1% Total 112 100%
Background on Standardized Social Media Curriculum.• As Of today’s date August 2012 there is no Standardized Social Media Curriculum (SSMC). Does the current use by students K – 16 warrant the need for SSMC?• Many High Schools and Junior High Schools ban social media such as Facebook within school walls, claiming that it is distraction. (Wikipedia, 2012)
Theoretical FrameworkVygotsky’s Thought and Language, shows us that when children learn how to speak it is about learning how to form thoughts into verbal spoken sentences’ for the purpose of communication.Today’s children are learning how to form thoughts onto social media networks, many times missing inner speech to edit oneself (Vygotsky, 1964)
Theoretical FrameworkQualitative &QuantitativeData Gathered Grounded Theory Hypotheses
Research Questions ProposedThe Main object of this research will be to gauge whether there is currently a social media Wild Wild West setting for K – 16 students and if so what can be done to foster a better or “Best Practice” social media environment for K – 16 students; which warranted asking the following questions:• At What Age do K – 16 students start using social media?• Who or what is monitoring K – 16 minors that are already actively engaged in the use of social media?• Who, what and how are K – 16 students learning how to use social media?• What are the possible long term, short term damages that can be caused to K – 16 students from using social media?• How can long or short term social media damage for K – 16 students be avoided?• Are K – 16 students good social media citizens?
What Do K – 16 Students Know About Privacy• What types of interaction are K – 16 students participating in while engaging in using social media and is it safe?• Who is navigating their social media journey?• Who is protecting K- 16 students while they travel the social media highway?• What, if at all, are their privacy levels set to?
Social Media Background History• The ability to socially interact via computer mediated discourse has been around for the last 44 years! (Wikipedia, 2012) – ARPANET 1968 / Robert Taylor – USENET 1980 / Tom Triscot and Tom Ellis – Friendster 2002 / Jonathan Abrams – Linkedin 2002 / Hoffman, Blue, Ly, Vaillant, Hower, Guericke, Beitzel,Eves,McNish, Pujante, and Saccheri – MySpace 2003 / Tom Anderson – Facebook 2004 / Zuckerberg, Moskovitz and Huges – Twitter 2006 / Dorsey, Glass, Williams, Stone – Google+ 2011 / Google Inc.
Social Media Background Today• There are many forms of social media today, ranging from social networking to professional networking: – Linkedin is a professional network. – Facebook is most known as a social network but can also be used to network professionally. – Twitter is know as a news media network where you can find business’s, newspapers, celebrities and friends Tweeting about current events. – Google+ is the newest of these social medias and is starting to earn a reputation as a network with the best tools for education and business network sharing.
Largest Social Medium is Facebook• Today, 6 years after opening to the general public, there are over 901 million active Facebook users (Wikipedia, 2012).• Where did all these users learn how to use Facebook?• How many of the 901 Million active users are children under 18?• May 2012 CEO of Facebook Mark Zeckerburg thinks that it is time that the current 13 year old age limit be lifted because children are able to learn from using Facebook (MSNNow, 2012). Now what?• The main source of interacting and communicating in colleges is Facebook. The tool for finding and researching current and potential future students has become Facebook. (Burgos, 2012)
Is There A “Best Practice”?• Lips (2010) claimed that online learning in the K-12 virtual classroom can break all barriers caused by race, sex, status or location.• Schools are attempting to create their own social media websites with little to no buy in from students.• Will forcing students to use education social media websites like Edmondo play a working role in teaching best practices if they are not being used outside the school walls?• If a large numbers of students are already engaged in the use of social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and Linkedin, is tomorrow the time to introduce and implement SSMC into K-16 education or was it yesterday?
Pilot Study MethodsPrior to the proposed study three pilot studies where conducted to examine what types of social media interaction K – 16 students are already engaged in.• The first pilot study investigated parents perceptions of their K – 12 student social media use. Parents where recruited using social media and an online survey (n = 142). Social media websites used were: – Facebook – Twitter – Linkedin• The second pilot study investigated social media use from a group of students from a university in North Texas(n = 20).• The third pilot study investigated student social media use from a university in Iceland and two universities in North Texas (n = 43).• The total number of participants in all three studies where 206 (N = 206).
Pilot Study Methods• Fall 2011 IRB filled out and approved by The University of North Texas• Fall 2011 IRB filled out and approved by The University of Texas Arlington• Spring 2012 IRB filled out and approved by The University of Iceland.• Spring 2012 IRB filled out and approved by University of North Texas.
Proposed MethodsProposed methods for gathering quantitative and qualitative research data:• Update IRB’s from UNT, UTA and UI.• Update and combine survey tools used in pilot studies.• Recruit participants using – Social Media Networking (Facebook, Linkedin, Twitter) – E Mail – Classroom students• Qualtrics online survey tool used to gather data.
Participants & SettingParticipants are K – North Texas college 12 parents. students. Setting is an onlinesurvey administeredon the Web to North Texas collegestudents and K – 12parents on the World Wide Web.
Proposed Methods Data Collection Formal Interviews Online Informal Qualtrics Interviews Survey K – 16 Students & Parents Through Ethnographic Blogs Grounded TheoryDiscovering theory through data Researcher Researcher participation Participationanalysis flipping the hypotheses informal formal observation Observation process.
Proposed Methods Data Analyzing Qualtricks Deduse SPSS Meaning Fields Qualitative Member Checking & Quantitative Triangulation NVivo Grounded TheoryDiscovering theory through data Transcripts & Ethnographicanalysis flipping the hypotheses Blogs process.
Proposed Timeline October –• IRB Filled November 2012 - • Gathering lit review• IRB Filed • Writing dissertation• IRB Approved • Data review update pilot Proposal study survey • Editing dissertation • Administer survey • Proposing Dissertation. • Gathering data August - November – September 2012 – December 2012