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Conflict case study


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Conflict case study

  1. 1. PART 1Conflict is a clash between two opposing group or individuals mainly caused fromdisagreement, tension, struggle and so on. Conflict is shown in many ways as a variety offorms from voice tones to bombs. The conflict can be as simple as just teasing each other oras complicate as division of country.For example, Korea is well known as a divided country as North Korea and South Korea.After establishment of both South and North Korea, there was Korean War between twoKoreas started on June 25, 1950 and stopped in 1953 with The Korean Armistice Agreementsigned by UN Forces, Koreas and China. Since then, there have been a lot of events betweenNorth and South and finally, in 2000, the South Korean president of that time, Kim Dae Jungcreated Sunshine Policy toward the North and this policy brings greater political contactbetween two Koreas, several high-profile business ventures and brief meetings of separatedfamily members. However, despite the effort of Kim Dae Jung, North’s aspect toward Southis quite offensive, as North threatened several times in war-like ways.Because the movement of North keeps the tension over the Han peninsula and two Koreas areholding still on-going war which is just stopped not ended, they are on conflict. A war-likeevent still happens between two Koreas. The recent one, for example, was a naval warfarecaused by North side toward an island of South called Yeon-Pyoung Island. There wasn’t anybig reason for doing that, but to state any reason, it could be the border line crossing themiddle of Han peninsula or according to what North says; South did military drill towardNorth territory, while it was actually toward South itself. From the aspect of North, we cansee that this conflict will be long-lasting one.Media : – about naval warfare inyeonpyuong islandPART 2The main causes of the conflict between North and South are difference in political ideologyand misplaced reactions to some offense. Because different countries with different politicalideology ruled North and South Korea after Japanese rule, the two Koreas have completelydifferent political system. After the term of Japanese rule, The Soviet Union enteredPyongyang while The United States entered Seoul which made North Korea as a dictator ledCommunist State and South Korea as Republic with strong Capitalistic structure. The scenesfrom North Korea and South Korea look so different that we cannot even say they are fromsame peninsula that shares similar culture and almost same language. As I said, North Korea
  2. 2. is dictator led Communist State that the eternal president controls every part of every singleperson’s life and the leader of North Korea is considered as father by the citizen. On thecontrary, South Korea is Republic that every single person has his or her own life. Since thetype of government affects over the country and those different types of government createdifferent opinion, the conflict has started and been on-going until now. The thing that makestheir differences on political ideology is that North Korean cannot even think of speakingabout their nation’s politic and the right of leader is passed down in a certain family havingonly one idea of leading country influence while South has many parties that participate inpolitic which means they can have more than one idea on their politic and feedbacks.Secondly, misplaced reactions to some offence are the other main causes, since there weresome war-like events between North and South caused from small mistake that one of themmade, but the other might think it is starter of fight. The naval warfare in Yeon-Pyeong islandwas also started with just military drill of South Korea. North said that it was toward theirside and that is why they attacked back to South and caused lots of residents of the island dieand lose their places. It is sure that it was just military drill and actually was not toward North,but the North thought that it was warning of war toward them. Even if it was warning of war,North could try to talk with South or make sure about what is going on before attacking backright away. This kind of events has been occurred several times before Yeon-Pyeong war-likefare. - Korean war and govern difference between north and south koreaPART 3The two main reasons why the conflict between South and North Korea have escalated aremiscommunication and retaliation harder to an offense.Actually, it is fact that Korea had been a Country over the 5000 years before North and Southwere separated. After the war, both countries have been grown in significantly different rateand the fast one is South while the North is still in their own world called communism.Because of the war experience between them caused many people dead and distraction, theycould not believe in each other anymore and be aware of each other excessively. Thissituation causes poor communications and make both countries react against any tiny eventoccurred between them instead of trying to communicate.
  3. 3. The other thing that causes poor communication between the two countries is that theleadership classes are blocking the communications between North and South. In the North,since the leadership classes hold vested interests while citizens die from hunger, theleadership classes are afraid of losing what they are holding now after reunification. If theSouth and North are united, the unbelievable gap between the High classes and low classeswill be disclosed to the fact that they were living in cage-like country without any rights theycould have and the high classes will lose their vested interests. As a result of that, theleadership classes of North blocking communication with South which brings citizens’realization over the South’s wealth and protestation against leader classes. One of the ways toblock the communication between Koreas is bringing tension so that the citizen stand againstSouth and this also makes the conflict escalate.The thing that made the war-fare worse in every time was that each side reacted harder andharder before one of them stopped and called for reconciliation or third country or UNinvolved in to stop it. Mostly, North started attacking with misunderstanding, but the SouthKorea attack back harder, saying it was for protecting themselves. Maybe it is because theSouth felt their own pain much more that North’s as people do or they cannot even feel orknow each other’s pain. North said that they never knew that many residents of the Yeon-Peyong island after the naval war-fare. By seeing what the North said, it is possible that bothsides are not able to know how others feel and react harder than they actually get. - 부익부 빈익빈 4One of the ways in which the conflict could be resolved is by simply listening to each otherwhich can be the basic steps of reunification which requires attentions and efforts a lot. Bothsides of Korea have to listen to each side, respecting each other. Every little warfarehappened between them over the last years was caused with events that we cannot evenconsider as a motive of war. It is possible to say that it was because they are lack ofcommunication without listening to each other. If they tried to solve any tiny conflict byconversation instead of small war which still made people dead. Therefore, it is obvious that
  4. 4. listening to each side and respecting each other are the first step to end this conflict bybringing reunification.The specific proposal that I found from research was 74 joint statements that both NorthSouth Korea agreed. Its content was that they do not fight each other anymore and as I said,both agreed. However, it was failed in that some small war occurred between both countries.One of examples of someone tried to reduce tension was Dae-Jung Kim from South Korea.As the first part says, he established sunshine policy toward North, hoping reunification.Through that special policy, Koreas became so close that the dispersed families were able tomeet at the middle of Koreas. Following Dae-Jung Kim, Moo-Hyun Roh continued onSunshune policy.The article that we talked about in class called “The one who cast the stone..” tells muchabout this conflict. The article says that people usually react back harder than they actuallyget and cannot feel others’ pain. Like the people that the article says, the North and Southalso attack back to each other harder than they actually get, not know other’s pain and loss.