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Interactive PowerPoint on the Study of Nutrition


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This is my interactive powerpoint on studying the food guide pyramid and nutrition information. I hope you find it useful and enjoy.

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Interactive PowerPoint on the Study of Nutrition

  1. 1. The Study of Nutrition and the Food Guide Pyramid By: Heather Vaught
  2. 2. Nutrition Definitions • Nutrition- study of nutrients in food and the body • Diet- foods a person usually eats and drinks • Food- the carrier of nourishment, substance the body can take in to make it grow • Daily Values- Nutrients standards used on food labels, reflect the needs of an average person (2,000 Cal diet) • Food guide pyramid- a group approach to healthful nutrition, containing five food groups: breads; fruits; vegetables; meat & poultry; milk &cheese; (unofficially, there’s also fats, oils and sweets)
  3. 3. Cont. • Nutrition is important to us because each one of us is growing and developing constantly. • In order to have a healthy diet, not only is nutrition important, but exercise is important as well. • Everyone should exercise at least 30 minutes a day. • What is a healthy diet? A healthy diet emphasizes: o fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products o It includes lean meats, poultry, fish, beans eggs and nuts o and is low in saturated fats, o cholesterol, salt and added sugar.
  4. 4. The 6 basic nutrients of nutrition • The 6 nutrients of basic nutrition: – Water: regulates body temperature and the means for nutrients to travel to organs, removes waste, and protects organs  8 cups daily – Carbohydrates- provides energy – Fats- provides energy, hormone-like substances, and absorb vitamins – Proteins- composes muscle, hair, skin, and tissue – Vitamins- helps body work properly, so you can grow and develop – Minerals- creates healthy bones and teeth • We need these nutrients so that we can function and live life everyday. • Without these we could not function
  5. 5. The Food Guide Pyramid • The Food Guide Pyramid is composed of 6 different categories: (For girls/boys 14-18) ***Fill out your Food Guide Pyramid here*** 1.) Grains: 6-7 oz. (1/2 should be whole grain) 2.) Vegetables: 2 ½ -3 Cups 3.) Fruits: 1 ½ -2 Cups 4.) Oils and Sweets: 5-6 teaspoons 5.)Dairy: 3 Cups 6.) Meats/Beans/Nuts: 5-6 oz.
  6. 6. Grains: Any food made of wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or cereal grain One oz. is equal to: o 1 slice bread o ½ c cooked rice, pasta o *1 c cereal o *1 large bagel = 4 oz. o *7 round Ritz crackers o *1 packet of oatmeal (1/2 c.) o *1 cup Macaroni = 2 oz. ****Grains are either whole or refined grains. ½ of the grains you eat should be whole grains. Whole Grains: contains the bran, germ, and endosperm Ex.) oatmeal, whole-wheat products, brown rice Refined grains: have been milled and removes the bran & germ ex.) white bread, white rice, white flour
  7. 7. Vegetables: Raw, cooked, fresh, frozen, canned or dried, can be whole, cut-up or mashed 1 cup is equal to: o 2 c raw or cooked vegetables (leafy veggies) o ½ c of vegetable juice o 2 c raw leafy vegetables o 1 c. chopped broccoli o 1 c. carrots (sliced, raw, cooked) o 1 large baked sweet potato o *1 medium baked potato o 1 c. dry beans/peas o 1 large ear of corn (8-9 in. long) o * 1 large raw tomato o * 1 cup cooked zucchini
  8. 8. Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry beans, Eggs and Nuts Group 1 oz. is equal to: o 1 oz cooked lean meat, poultry, fish o 1 egg o *1 tbsp peanut butter o ½ oz seeds or nuts o 1 small steak = 3 ½ - 4 oz o 1 small lean hamburger = 2-3 oz. o 1 small chicken breast = 3 oz.
  9. 9. Milk, Yogurt and Cheese Group: all foods made of milk One cup is equal to: o *1 c fat-free milk or yogurt o 1 ½ oz of fat-free natural cheese o 1/3 c. shredded cheese o 1 c. pudding made with milk
  10. 10. Fruits: Any fruit or 100% fruit juice 1 cups is equals: o ½ c fresh, frozen, canned fruit o 1 medium fruit (*apple, *banana, orange) o ½ c dried fruit (raisins) o 1 c fruit juice o 8 large strawberries o 1 cup grapes
  11. 11. Oils: oils that are high in fats that don’t come from a plant source o 1 tbsp mayonnaise = 2 ½ tsp. o 2 tbsp of light salad dressing = 2 tsp. o 1 Tbsp of soft margarine = 2 ½ tsp. o *2 Tbsp. Peanut butter = 4 tsp. o 1 oz. sunflower seeds = 4 tsp.
  12. 12. So how healthy are you? • To review: o You should eat healthy and have a balanced diet o In order to eat well you should follow the Food Guide Pyramid o You should exercise at least 30 minutes a day o These benefits of eating healthy include:  Prevention of chronic diseases such as: • Heart disease • Diabetes • Adult bone loss  Prevention of injuries  Helps the immune system
  13. 13. Quiz! 1. How many Groups are in the Food Guide pyramid?
  14. 14. Click here to go back
  15. 15. Quiz! The fruit group has ____ servings and the vegetable group has ______ servings:
  16. 16. Credits: • Picture of bread: • Picture of meat: • Picture of Vegetables: shop/images/categories/FreshFruitVegetable.jpg • Picture of Milk carton: • Picture of Cheese: content/uploads/2007/07/natural_cheese.jpg • Picture of yogurt: content/uploads/2009/06/yoplait-yogurt_7.jpg • Picture of ranch: den_valley_ranch_dressing.jpg • YouTube Video: 16FE2F7D&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=9 • Picture of congrats: 9.gif • Nutritional information: (2009, 19 June). June 25, 2009. from