Beginning✤ The Industrial Revolution was a time of advancement in the areas of manufacturing, agriculture, transportation, mining and technology. It began in Britain during the early 18th century, and ended in the 19th century. Almost every country participated in this.
Migration✤ “Urbanization is the physical growth of urban areas due to global change.” - Wikipedia✤ The cottage industry is an industry of many manufacturers who work part time.✤ There was a migration of people from rural areas to urban areas during the Industrial Revolution.✤ People relocated to ﬁnd work.
Agricultural Revolution✤ This led to the Industrial Revolution because there was a lack of instruments needed to harvest crops.✤ Crop rotation is planting different crops in the same areas in different seasons.
Textiles✤ These are the materials that really made the Industrial Revolution BOOM.✤ Textiles are woven materials made up of a network of ﬁbers.✤ Some inventions that helped to develop textiles popularity were knitting, weaving, etc.✤ Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin.
Steam Engine✤ A heating device that uses steam primarily as it’s source of energy.✤ Thomas Savery invented it in 1690, and James Watt is said to have improved it.✤ It was important because it created a reusable water supply.
Bessemer Process✤ First industrial way to produce steel from pig iron.✤ Henry Bessemer invented it.✤ It’s important because steel could now be produced in a cost-effective, safe way.
Pasteurization✤ Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist who invented a way of freezing food.✤ Pasteurization is important because without it, our food would go bad and we would lose money.
Thomas Edison✤ He invented the phonograph, motion-picture camera, and of course, the light bulb.✤ He had 1,093 patents.✤ “Anything that wont sell, I dont want to invent. Its sale is proof of utility, and utility is success.” - Thomas Edison
Romanticism✤ It was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement during the 18th century.✤ It gained strength from the Industrial Revolution.✤ Two romantic authors were Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne.