What is the Industrial Revolution?❖ It was a time from the 18th to the 19th century where major agricultural, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology changes occurred.❖ It began in Britain, but spread throughout Western Europe, North America and Japan.
What is urbanization?❖ It’s the condition of being urbanized.❖ A cottage industry a primarily manufacturing industry which includes many producers that work from their homes.❖ There was a migration of people from rural to urban during the Industrial Revolution.❖ People migrated from rural to urban because life in the city was easier, and all the jobs started popping up in the citites.
Agricultural Revolution❖ The agricultural revolution was a time when there was an increase in agricultural productivity, which in turn led to population growth, which meant more workers, and ultimately helped drive the industrial revolution.❖ Crop Rotation: When farmers rotate their crops so that the plants don’t use up all of the nutrients from the soil.
Textiles❖ Textiles were the ﬁrst commodity to boom in the industrial revolution.❖ Textiles are things such as cloth or woven fabric.❖ Steam engines, the loom, and the cotton gin helped the textile industry boomed.❖ Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin.
Steam Engine❖ Thomas Newcomen invented the steam engine.❖ Invented in 1775❖ It was the ﬁrst engine ever created, was faster than humans, and could make almost anything.❖ James Watt is credited with improving it.
Bessemer Process❖ The ﬁrst inexpensive industrial process for the mass- production of steel.❖ Henry Bessemer came up with it.❖ It revolutionized steel manufacture by decreasing its cost and increasing its productivity.
Pasteurization❖ Louis Pasteur invented pasteurization and discovered the germ theory of disease.❖ Pasteurizations kills many bacteria that cause food to spoil or go bad, and it sterilizes foods and milk, making them last longer.
Thomas Edison❖ Invented the light bulb, the phonograph, and microphone.❖ Over a thousand. “Anything that wont sell, I don’t want to invent. Its sale is proof of utility, and utility is success.”
Romanticism❖ Was an artistic, intellectual, and literal movement.❖ it gained strength in reaction to the industrial revolution.❖ Some authors from the Romantic period include Emily Dickinson and Washington Irving.