Northwest Florida Climate Change


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Northwest Florida Climate Change

  1. 1. & the Effects of Global Climate Change<br />Chelsea Landsberg<br />The Northwest Region of Florida<br />
  2. 2. The Northwest Region of Florida<br />Borders the Gulf of Mexico<br />As the Ocean rises due to global warming, the Northwest Region of Florida will be losing land. This greatly effects wildlife, vegetation and human activity. <br />
  3. 3. Northwest’s Projected Sea Level Rise<br />
  4. 4. Hurricanes and the Northwest<br />Hurricane damage over the years has helped to expedite the decrease in coastal lands on this island. <br />
  5. 5. Threat of Physical Costal Erosion and Sea Level Rise in the Northwest Region(due to Climate Change)<br />Significant shoreline changes and flooding of the current vegetation zones under all IPCC (1996) sea-level rise predictions<br />Large portion of coastal pinelands will be lost by a projected sea-level increase of .95 meters high over the next century <br />There will be a costal transgression and reduction of terrestrial habitat within the area, including wild-life refuges located throughout the northwest region. <br />
  6. 6. Socioeconomic Effects – Is it all bad?<br />Local economy is largely dependent on the shellfish industry, an increase in coastline could ENHANCE the local fisheries <br />Population predictions for FL counties are far above national averages. Wakulla, Jefferson, and Taylor Counties are expecting population increases ranging from 31% - 57% within a 25 year span. <br />
  7. 7. Coping Strategies<br />Beings there is a minimal loss in terms of economic factors there will be minimal effort to remediate the coastal transgression. <br />With a shallow limestone base and underground channels to coastal waters, the costs and benefits would not warrant engineering alternatives to combat the sea level rise. <br />Overall, coastline loss will do more harm than good.<br />It would reduce estuary size and functions, effecting productivity and actually spurring a negative effect on the economy. <br />
  8. 8. Florida State University<br />Is Currently Completing a study in the Northwest Region of Florida focusing on the anticipated sea level rise and effects associated with Climate Change of the next 100 years.<br />Hypothesizing that “The historic storm record, which extends back only about 150 years, isn’t a reliable indicator of true storm frequency, but the long-term geologic record is.”<br />
  9. 9. Key Points of Study <br />Funded by a $1.03 million grant from the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP)<br />Scientific research program headed by the US Department of Defense partnered with the Department of Energy and US Environmental Protection Agency <br />By 2012, this study is expected to produce models and methodologies that will help coastal planners and managers in all low-lying coastal regions better understand, address and mitigate the near-future effects of sea-level rise. <br />
  10. 10. Panama City, Florida<br /><ul><li>Panama City is a port of entry on the St. Andrew Bay, off of the Gulf of Mexico
  11. 11. Landlocked with a deepwater harbor which is linked to the gulf via channel
  12. 12. Located at about 95 miles east of Pensacola, Florida
  13. 13. Population of about 37,188 (2000 figure)</li></li></ul><li>Consequences of Coastal Flooding and Global Warming in Panama City<br />Costal citizens will be forced to relocated <br />Manufacturing businesses in the area could be jeopardized <br />The diverse marine life could be wiped out<br />In artificial coral reefs, there is more than 1000 different marine species <br />Coral bleaching<br />Reduction in calcification rates from absorbed CO2 <br />
  14. 14. In Conclusion<br />Florida’s northwest coast is becoming smaller by the year, but without an economic reason to come up with prevention measures, attempts are few and far between. <br />Florida State University’s study will allow for more accurate predictions and computer imaging regarding the future of climate change and the coast line. <br />
  15. 15. Sources <br /><br />,_Florida<br /><br />