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Climate Panel - CCW conference


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Presentation by Maryland DNR during the Climate Panel breakout group at the Choose Clean Water conference

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Climate Panel - CCW conference

  1. 1. Zoë Johnson, Office for a Sustainable Future Image or Graphic MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES Planning for Sea Level Rise in Maryland Climate Change Adaptation Policy & Practice Choose Clean Water: Chesapeake Bay Restoration Conference
  2. 2. Maryland Climate Action Plan August 2008
  3. 3. <ul><li>Increased Temperature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drought, fire & disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat-related health effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmful bacteria and algae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasive Species </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changes in Precipitation Patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate or contaminated drinking water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacts to food sources (crops, fisheries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacts to streams, rivers, forests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sea Level Rise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Submergence of low-lying lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased coastal flooding & storm surge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erosion – land loss </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increased Storm Intensity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of property and life </li></ul></ul>Impacts of Climate Change “ A Warmer & Wetter World”
  4. 4. Mitigation vs. Adaptation <ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. </li></ul>Mitigation Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in order to slow or stop global climate change. UKCIP (2008). The UKCIP Adaptation Wizard v 2.0. UKCIP, Oxford
  5. 5. Sector-Based Adaptation Scientific Assessment (complete) Adaptation: Phase II (underway) Adaptation: Phase I (complete) <ul><li>Plant salt tolerant crops </li></ul><ul><li>Drought management </li></ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul><ul><li>Salt-water intrusion </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in precip. </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level rise </li></ul>Agriculture <ul><li>Protect coastal infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Increase natural vegetative buffers </li></ul><ul><li>Submergence of low-lying lands </li></ul><ul><li>Increased coastal flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level rise </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme events </li></ul>Coastal Zone <ul><li>“ Smart” site and building design </li></ul><ul><li>Retrofit storm water mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Increased flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in precip. </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level rise </li></ul>Growth & Infrastructure <ul><li>Fire mgmt. and control </li></ul><ul><li>Invasive species mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Disease, Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Species shifts </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in precip. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased air temp. </li></ul>Forest/Terrestrial Ecosystems <ul><li>Designate “cooling centers” </li></ul><ul><li>Vector-borne surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Vector-borne illness </li></ul><ul><li>Heat-related health effects </li></ul><ul><li>Increased air temp. </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme events </li></ul>Human Health <ul><li>Install “living shorelines” </li></ul><ul><li>Protect critical habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Increased salinity </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat loss </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level rise </li></ul><ul><li>Increased water temp </li></ul>Bay/Aquatic Ecosystems <ul><li>Create water markets </li></ul><ul><li>Improve flood control </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Increased flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in precip. </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme events </li></ul>Water Resources Adaptation Strategies Potential Impacts Climate Stressor Affected Sectors
  6. 6. Definitions <ul><li>Vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>The degree to which a system is susceptible to or unable to cope with adverse effects of climate change. </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability is a function of the character, magnitude, and rate of climate change and variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity . </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Ability of a system to adjust to climate change, to reduce potential damages, take advantage of opportunities, and cope with consequences. </li></ul>(Source: IPCC AR4 WGII, 2007) <ul><li>Critical Thresholds </li></ul><ul><li>The point in a system at which sudden or rapid change occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul>(Source: IPCC AR4 WGII, 2007) (Source: UKCIP, 2008)
  7. 7. Maryland’s Risk to Sea Level Rise
  8. 8. Strategic Planning & Policy Development <ul><li>Sea Level Rise Response Strategy (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Shore Erosion Task Force Final Report (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>MD CZMA §309 Strategy (2000 & 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal Communities Initiative (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Living Shoreline Protection Act (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Chesapeake & Coastal Bays Critical Area Amendments (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Strategy to Reduce Maryland’s Vulnerability to Climate Change: Phase I (2008) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Vision for the Future: Protect Maryland’s People, Property, Natural Resources, and Public Investments Promote programs and policies aimed at the avoidance and/or reduction of impact to the existing-built environment, as well as to future growth and development in vulnerable coastal areas Shift to sustainable economies and investments; and, avoid assumption of the financial risk of development and redevelopment in highly hazardous coastal areas Enhance preparedness and planning efforts to protect human health, safety and welfare Protect and restore Maryland’s natural shoreline and its resources, including its tidal wetlands and marshes, vegetated buffers, and Bay Islands, that inherently shield Maryland’s shoreline and interior
  10. 10. Adaptive Capacity Planning Puzzle
  11. 11. Retain and expand forests, wetlands, and beaches to protect us from coastal flooding <ul><li>New Criteria for Priority Protection Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Forest and Wetland Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Shorelines and Buffer Area Management Practices </li></ul>
  12. 12. Climate Change Adaptation Policy: Recent Actions <ul><li>Living Shoreline Protection Act (2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires non-structural shore protection practices unless proven infeasible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chesapeake & Coastal Bays Critical Area Amendments (2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased vegetative buffers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Updated jurisdictional boundaries to account for sea level rise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for consideration of coastal impacts during growth allocation decisions </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Adaptation strategies are short to long-term actions, policies and/or management practices to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems to anticipated impacts of climate change. </li></ul><ul><li>The objective of many adaptation strategies is to reduce vulnerability by enhancing or increasing the resiliency of natural or human- systems to accommodate or withstand change over time. </li></ul><ul><li>In the context of coastal land conservation, adaptation strategies can be implemented through land conservation practices (i.e., preserving wetlands or habitat migration corridors). </li></ul>Next Steps: Adapting to Climate Change through Coastal Land Conservation NOAA Coastal Management Fellowship (2009- 2011)
  14. 14. Adaptation 2010 <ul><li>Lead by Example Investment Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal Land Conservation: Targeting Tools for Sea Level Rise Adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Siting & Design Criteria for State Infrastructure and Investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SHA Transportation Vulnerability Assessment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Coastal Atlas Development </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Insurance Advisory Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Local Government Assistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Coast-Smart Communities: Technical & Financial Assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeted Public Outreach through DNR’s Coastal Training Program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Living Shoreline Outreach & Education </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland Commission on Climate Change: Phase II Adaptation Strategy Development </li></ul>
  15. 15. Zoë P. Johnson Office for a Sustainable Future [email_address] (410) 260-8741 Questions?