Gourab Malakar-HALDIA INSTITUTE OFTECHNOLOGYPriyatanu Dey –TECHNO INDIAUtsav Basak-TECHNO INDIA
"I never perfected an invention that I did not thinkabout in terms of the service it might give others... Ifind out what the world needs, then I proceed toinvent."- Thomas Edison
Central idea The main objective of our business is to produce bio-ethanol from sugar industry wastes like bagasseand molasses. Bioethanol can easily substitute petrol or bemixed with it as vehicle fuel without any or littlemodification This idea can effectively reduce fuel prices andrevolutionize transportation.
Our objectives the major goal of our company is to make high qualitybioethanol from sugar industry waste product likebagasse and molasses. To set up manufacturing plant. to sell and popularize cheap bioethanol as a fuelsubstituent for normal diesel to export bio-ethanol to high demand markets likeUS,Canada,Europe ect
Secondary objectives To generate employment for poor unskilledpopulation. To manufacture an ecofriendly sustainable agroproduct. To maximize the potential of the agro trade inIndia
Background of Indian sugarindustry India is the largest consumer and second largestproducer of sugar in the world. The Indian sugar industry is the second largest agro-industry located in the rural India. . About 50 million sugarcane farmers and a largenumber of agricultural laborers are involved insugarcane cultivation and ancillary activities,constituting 7.5% of the rural population Besides, the industry provides employment to about2 million skilled/semi skilled workers and othersmostly from the rural areas
Why sugarcane? Sugar cane has one of the most efficientphotosynthetic mechanisms, among commercialcrops; this allows it to fix almost 2 - 3 percent ofradiant solar energy and transform it into greenbiomass. This high photosynthetic capability also allows it toshow a high coefficient of CO2 fixation, comparableto the moderate climate zone woods. Thiscontributes to the decrease of the greenhouseeffect.
What is bagasse? Bagasse obtained as a by-product of sugar caneprocessing, is composed of fiber, pith, non-soluble solids and waste. Every year, more than 200 million tonnes ofbagasse are obtained together with sugar, in allcane producing countries
What is molasses? Molasses is the final effluent obtained in thepreparation of sugar by repeated crystallization.Molasses still contains some quantity of sugar, but thissugar cannot be extracted by usual technology. Sucrose and invert sugars constitute a majorportion (40 to 60%) of Molasses
What is bio-ethanol ? Ethanol may be a generic name for Ethyl Alcohol thatmay be a product of sugarcane molasses and juice,ready by fermentation and distillation processes. When blended, as an additive with fuel formotorized vehicles, its referred to as Motor FuelGrade Alcohol or Power Alcohol Up to 15% mixture no modifications are neededwithin the engines.
Basic Procedure to make bio-ethanol1. Add the bagasse/molasses /sugar sol to barrel.2. Mash the mixture after adding water3. Add yeast to the barrel4. Ferment the mixture for 7-10 days5. Distill the mixture.6. Filter the mixture.7. Dehydrate the mixture.8. Add gasoline (petrol) to the ethanol (optional).
Cheap raw materials:literallyfree!! The molasses prices that used to rule around 200 perton during the yearly niceties shot up to Rs.1400 perton as a result of decontrol crop in 1996, the pricescame down to Rs .400 level. However the present prices of molasses are onlyaround Rs 800-1000 per tonne!!.
What are flexi fuel vehicles? A flexible-fuel vehicle (FFV) or dual-fuel vehicle ) isan vehicle with an internal combustionengine designed to run on more than one fuel,usually petrol blended with ethanol , and both fuelsare stored in the same common tank. Today almost 27.1 million FFVs are used in the world Brazil(16.3 million), U.S.A(10 million),Canada(more than 600,000) and Europe, led by Sweden(228,522).
Some Common FFVsFord fiestaHonda cityFiat puntoHonda civic MitsubishipajeroToyota corollaToyota etios
Technical feasibility as fuel Automakers spend an only estimated $100 or Rs 5500to make a vehicle E85-ethanol capable!!!! Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) are engineered to run onblends of gasoline and ethanol in any percentage upto 85 percent. E85 is 85 percent ethanol and 15percent gasoline. Almost all international manufacturers make FFVs-Audi,Honda,ford,Toyota,Volvo …..ect According to the National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition,approximately 10 million vehicles have been soldin the United States
Market potential(success stories) Brazil is the largest sugar manufacturer in theworld accounting for 25% of total world production.Half of the sugarcane produced is used to produceethanol. In Brazil, $14.6bn of investment is being ploughedinto the industry in the next five years in the bid tocreate a reliable supply chain that will enable thecountry to triple its exports of biofuels in the nextten years.
Growing consumption in Japan, Europe and the US isset to make the commodity Brazils top export inless than a decade, overtaking soya by 2017. Lastyear, the industry was worth $6bn to the Brazilianeconomy. The figure is set to quadruple by 2015. Exports currently account for about 15% of totalproduction, with 80% used to fuel Brazilian flex-fuel vehicles capable of running on alcohol andgasoline.
Initial investment required To set up a small bio-ethanol an investment of only10 lakhs is enough. Major equipment is EFuel 100 MicroFueler It has a 250 gallon tank and produces up to 35gallons per week. It will cost approximately $10,000 or Rs 5.5 lakhs The fuel can be used in vehicles that are designed forethanol use, such as flex-fuel vehicles, or when mixedwith 90 percent gasoline (petrol).
Economic considerations The direct employment potential is likely to be atleast 50 times that of a Petroleum refinery. A 6 billion liters ethanol production, could save anestimated around US$1 billion in foreign exchangein diesel / petrol equivalent. This in turn would provide an additional income peryear to the tune of Rs 6500 Crore at an average priceof Rs. 650 per tonne.
Petrol consumption in India during 2006-07 is9,295,000 MT and only 0.64% of petrol is replacedwith Ethanol.Present ethanol demand and supply in india
Marketing strategy Major beneficiaries of our business will be carmanufacturers. Car sales are majorly affected by rise and fall of fuelprices so cheaper fuel means more car sales Car companies will recommend buyers to use bio-ethanol Since most petrol cars can be easily modified to FFVsso consumers will naturally prefer it Component manufacturers,mechanics,dealersmay be roped in to promote the fuel.
Weakness or Barriers of entry India still dependent on Traditional Distillationprocedures of C6 & C12 Indian Sugar Cycles and Global prices have not enabledEthanol to be traded freely. Infrastructure for Domestic Storage, Transport,Handling and at Ports for export yet to be developedalike Thailand as a Consortium. Opposition from Chemical and Potable alcoholmanufacturers to compete for feedstock and pricing. No Political and Public support almost non existentInspite of $135 crude pricing.
Overall advantages We can provide a cheap alternative to petrol Create jobs for people of rural India Provide a eco friendly solution to vehicle population Provide a boost to Indian agro industry We may Solve our fuel import problems Produce export quality fuel at minimum prices.