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Anna Alvazzi - Small Arms Survey

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Anna Alvazzi - Small Arms Survey

  1. 1. small arms survey 2008: risk and resilience Armed violence and crime prevention: From burden to relief Geneva 1 November 2011 Anna Alvazzi del Frate, Small Arms Survey
  2. 2. Armed violence: one problem, many disciplines <ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>Peace and security-building </li></ul><ul><li>Public health </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Crime prevention and criminal justice </li></ul><ul><li>Disarmament </li></ul><ul><li>Human settlements </li></ul>GD Second Ministerial Review Conference Geneva, 31 October – 1 November 2011
  3. 3. Towards a unified perspective on armed violence <ul><li>A unified perspective on armed violence is important from the practical and analytical points of view, but still a major challenge. </li></ul><ul><li>Research communities work in isolation and practical programmes are structured by policy-makers within strict boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Ideally, a multidisciplinary approach would benefit all, by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>widening the focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gaining perspective, fitting particular interests into larger patterns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bringing together a wide range of actors in ‘multi-stakeholder’ platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>learning promising solutions and best practices which could be migrated and adapted to specific contexts and conditions. </li></ul></ul>GD Second Ministerial Review Conference Geneva, 31 October – 1 November 2011
  4. 4. Global Burden of Armed Violence 2011 main findings <ul><li>At least 526,000 victims of lethal violence per year </li></ul><ul><li>9 out of 10 of these deaths occur in non-conflict settings </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly 66,000 women are violently killed each year </li></ul><ul><li>A significant proportion of homicides in Europe and Asia is related to intimate partners or the family. </li></ul>Source: Global Burden of Armed Violence (2011) GD Second Ministerial Review Conference Geneva, 31 October – 1 November 2011
  5. 5. What is the contribution that crime prevention can provide? <ul><li>Most lethal violence occurs in non-conflict settings where rule of law is established and institutions are expected to function </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for the rule of is broadly linked with lower levels of intentional homicide </li></ul><ul><li>Need for well trained and capable law enforcement systems to reduce the risk of abuse of force in weak institutional settings </li></ul><ul><li>Need to build community trust in the police and other criminal justice institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Need for easy access to justice for all </li></ul><ul><li>Need for effective criminal justice systems, to fairly apply the law and ensure prompt and effective investigations, fair trials and sentences </li></ul>GD Second Ministerial Review Conference Geneva, 31 October – 1 November 2011
  6. 6. Questions? www.smallarmssurvey.org

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