70 271 Stu Chap06

582 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
582
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

70 271 Stu Chap06

  1. 1. INSTALLING AND MANAGING HARDWARE Chapter 6
  2. 2. INSTALLING AND MANAGING HARDWARE <ul><li>Install hardware in a Microsoft Windows XP system </li></ul><ul><li>Use Windows XP hardware troubleshooting tools </li></ul><ul><li>Manage device drivers in a Windows XP system </li></ul><ul><li>Perform general hardware troubleshooting </li></ul>
  3. 3. INSTALLING HARDWARE IN WINDOWS XP <ul><li>For any new hardware to be installed, three steps must be performed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The device must first be physically installed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The device drivers must be loaded so that the operating system can recognize them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The device must be tested </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. UNDERSTANDING PLUG AND PLAY DEVICES <ul><li>They install with little or no user intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Windows XP supports Plug and Play </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware, device drivers, and the basic input/output system (BIOS) must be Plug and Play–compliant </li></ul>
  5. 5. INSTALLING HARDWARE BY USING THE ADD HARDWARE WIZARD <ul><li>Search For And Install The Hardware Automatically (Recommended) </li></ul><ul><li>Install The Hardware That I Manually Select From A List (Advanced) </li></ul>
  6. 6. ADDING A DEVICE
  7. 7. STARTING SYSTEM INFORMATION <ul><li>From the Start menu </li></ul><ul><li>Execute Msinfo32.exe </li></ul>
  8. 8. SYSTEM SUMMARY
  9. 9. USING THE SYSTEM INFORMATION TOOLS MENU <ul><li>Net Diagnostics </li></ul><ul><li>System Restore </li></ul><ul><li>File Signature Verification Wizard </li></ul><ul><li>DirectX Diagnostic Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Watson </li></ul>
  10. 10. USING DEVICE MANAGER
  11. 11. CHANGING VIEWS IN DEVICE MANAGER <ul><li>Devices By Type </li></ul><ul><li>Devices By Connection </li></ul><ul><li>Resources By Type </li></ul><ul><li>Resources By Connection </li></ul>
  12. 12. DEVICE MANAGER’S SPECIFIC ICONS <ul><li>Yellow exclamation point </li></ul><ul><li>Red X </li></ul><ul><li>Blue lowercase i </li></ul>
  13. 13. GENERAL PROPERTIES
  14. 14. RESOURCE ASSIGNMENTS
  15. 15. SCANNING FOR HARDWARE CHANGES <ul><li>PnP devices require the operating system to search for and discover them. The Device Manager’s Scan For Hardware Changes option can be used to initiate this. </li></ul>
  16. 16. REMOVING AND DISABLING DEVICES <ul><li>You can remove a device in Device Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Device Manager can be used to disable devices </li></ul>
  17. 17. SAFELY REMOVING HOT-PLUGGED DEVICES
  18. 18. TROUBLESHOOTING A DEVICE THAT IS NOT FUNCTIONING <ul><li>Verify that the device is plugged in and turned on </li></ul><ul><li>Verify that the device is present in the HCL </li></ul><ul><li>Determine whether there have been any configuration changes </li></ul><ul><li>Verify that the device is using the latest revision of the device drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Consider performing a cold restart of the system </li></ul>
  19. 19. TROUBLESHOOTING A DEVICE THAT IS NOT FUNCTIONING (CONTINUED) <ul><li>Apply firmware update, if available </li></ul><ul><li>Move the device to another slot or port </li></ul><ul><li>Install a known good replacement for the device in the event of a malfunction </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to boot into Safe Mode and update or remove driver </li></ul>
  20. 20. WINDOWS TROUBLESHOOTERS <ul><li>Are a special type of help file available in the Windows XP Help And Support Center </li></ul><ul><li>Pinpoint problems and identify solutions by asking a series of questions </li></ul><ul><li>Provide support for hardware and software issues </li></ul><ul><li>Are used to solve problems and learn troubleshooting techniques </li></ul>
  21. 21. MANAGING DEVICE DRIVERS <ul><li>The Device Manager utility provides a simple method of viewing and updating drivers for any device in the system </li></ul>
  22. 22. UNDERSTANDING THE DRIVER.CAB FILE <ul><li>Drivers that ship with Windows XP Professional Edition are stored on the Setup CD in a cabinet file called Driver.cab </li></ul>
  23. 23. UPDATING DRIVERS <ul><li>Driver Details permits you to view the names of the driver’s files </li></ul><ul><li>Update Driver enables you to upgrade the device driver </li></ul><ul><li>Rollback Driver restores the last device driver that was functioning </li></ul><ul><li>The Uninstall option will remove the device driver from the computer </li></ul>
  24. 24. DEVICE MANAGER, DRIVER TAB
  25. 25. DRIVER SIGNING <ul><li>Poorly written drivers can cause a Windows XP system to become unstable or to fail </li></ul>
  26. 26. CONFIGURING THE WAY THAT WINDOWS REACTS TO UNSIGNED DRIVERS <ul><li>Ignore </li></ul><ul><li>Warn </li></ul><ul><li>Block </li></ul>
  27. 27. USING THE FILE SIGNATURE VERIFICATION UTILITY <ul><li>The File Signature Verification Utility can be used to scan a Windows XP system for unsigned drivers </li></ul>
  28. 28. CREATING A HARDWARE PROFILE <ul><li>Configure a single computer for different situations </li></ul><ul><li>Enable or disable specific hardware devices within each profile </li></ul>
  29. 29. MANAGING HARDWARE PROFILES
  30. 30. CONFIGURING HARDWARE SETTINGS FOR A PROFILE <ul><li>Start the computer using the profile </li></ul><ul><li>Use Device Manager to enable or disable hardware devices </li></ul>
  31. 31. SELECTING A PROFILE DURING STARTUP
  32. 32. CHAPTER SUMMARY <ul><li>Control the installation and removal of devices through the Add Hardware tool in Control Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Manage and troubleshooting hardware devices through Device Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Display configuration information about a computer in System Information </li></ul><ul><li>Manage hardware drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Configure driver signing options </li></ul><ul><li>Switch between different hardware profiles when booting into Windows XP </li></ul>

×