Understanding Operating SystemUnderstanding Operating System
ConfigurationsConfigurations
Lesson 2
ObjectivesObjectives
Objective Domain Matrix
Technology Skill Objective Domain Description Objective Domain
Number
Underst...
User AccountsUser Accounts
• A collection of information that defines:
– Actions that can be taken on a computer
– Files a...
User AccountsUser Accounts
• Types of user accounts in Windows 7:
– Administrator
– Standard user
– Guest
• Run as adminis...
User AccountsUser Accounts
User Account ControlUser Account Control
• A feature in Windows Vista and Windows 7
that requires administrative-level per...
User Account Control Prompts/LevelsUser Account Control Prompts/Levels
• Always notify me
• Notify me only when programs t...
Control PanelControl Panel
• A utility that allows you to:
– Configure operating system features
– Set up hardware
– Insta...
Category ViewCategory View
Large Icons ViewLarge Icons View
Small Icons ViewSmall Icons View
Administrative ToolsAdministrative Tools
• A set of utilities for managing advanced
Windows features and diagnosing system...
Accessibility OptionsAccessibility Options
On-Screen KeyboardOn-Screen Keyboard
Microsoft Narrator Dialog BoxMicrosoft Narrator Dialog Box
High Contrast SettingsHigh Contrast Settings
Windows Desktop SettingsWindows Desktop Settings
• A broad term that refers to many different
configurable settings for pe...
Windows Desktop SettingsWindows Desktop Settings
• Unlock and move the taskbar
• Pin programs to the taskbar
• Jump Lists
...
Live PreviewsLive Previews
Personalization Page and ThemesPersonalization Page and Themes
Translucent Quality of an Aero ThemeTranslucent Quality of an Aero Theme
Windows Classic ThemeWindows Classic Theme
Window Color and Appearance Color MixerWindow Color and Appearance Color Mixer
Aero InterfaceAero Interface
• Aero Shake
• Aero Snap
• Aero Peek
• Show Desktop button (far right end of the
taskbar)
Display SettingsDisplay Settings
• Resolution
• Color depth
• Font size
Changing Screen ResolutionChanging Screen Resolution
Selecting a Color DepthSelecting a Color Depth
ShortcutsShortcuts
• Icons or links that give you quick access to
an original resource
ShortcutsShortcuts
GadgetsGadgets
• A small, single-purpose application that can
be installed on the Windows 7 desktop
User ProfilesUser Profiles
• Contains all of a user’s personal preferences
—from theme choice to screen saver to
shortcuts...
User ProfilesUser Profiles
• Local and roaming profiles, stored in
Windows (C:Users<user>AppData)
• Local profile is avail...
VirtualizationVirtualization
• A technology that creates an abstract
version of a complete operating environment
(includin...
Microsoft VirtualizationMicrosoft Virtualization
• Windows Virtual PC
• Windows XP Mode
• Microsoft Enterprise Desktop Vir...
Windows XP ModeWindows XP Mode
• An extension to Windows Virtual PC
• When installed in Windows 7, enables users
to run ap...
Windows Virtual PC/Windows XP ModeWindows Virtual PC/Windows XP Mode
Application VirtualizationApplication Virtualization
• Adds the ability to install and manage legacy
applications and virt...
Microsoft Enterprise Desktop VirtualizationMicrosoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualization
(Med-V or MED-V)(Med-V or MED-V)
• ...
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
• Runs a desktop operating system within a
VM run...
Application Virtualization (App-V)Application Virtualization (App-V)
• Permits users to launch and run applications
on the...
SummarySummary
• Windows 7 includes the Administrator, Standard
user, and Guest accounts by default.
• User Account Contro...
SummarySummary
• The Ease of Access Center includes Magnifier,
Narrator, On-Screen Keyboard, and High Contrast.
• Windows ...
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Lesson 2 - Understanding Operating System Configurations

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  • Several users can share a computer each user should have his own account. With separate accounts, each user can personalize her desktop, keep her files and settings protected from other users, and so on.
  • Administrator: Provides the broadest permissions and the most control over the computer; includes changing all settings, installing programs, and modifying the Windows registry Standard user: Fewer permissions than an administrative-level account but enough permissions to be productive; best used for day-to-day work Guest: An account with few permissions and no password that allows a user to use a computer without requiring a unique user account
  • Administrator: Provides the broadest permissions and the most control over the computer; includes changing all settings, installing programs, and modifying the Windows registry Standard user: Fewer permissions than an administrative-level account but enough permissions to be productive; best used for day-to-day work Guest: An account with few permissions and no password that allows a user to use a computer without requiring a unique user account
  • The Ease of Access Center in Windows 7 provides many accessibility options, which help visually and hearing impaired users use Windows more easily and efficiently.
  • The links you see in Control Panel are also considered shortcuts. Because a shortcut only points to a resource, deleting a shortcut does not delete the actual item.
  • A user account is used to log on to Windows. Every user account has a subfolder in the C:\Users folder and each account has at least one user profile associated with it.
  • Lesson 2 - Understanding Operating System Configurations

    1. 1. Understanding Operating SystemUnderstanding Operating System ConfigurationsConfigurations Lesson 2
    2. 2. ObjectivesObjectives Objective Domain Matrix Technology Skill Objective Domain Description Objective Domain Number Understanding Standard User Versus Administrative User Accounts Understanding Standard User Versus Administrative User Accounts 3.2.1 Understanding Types of UAC Prompts and Levels Understanding Types of UAC Prompts and Levels 3.2.2 Configuring Administrative Tools Configuring Administrative Tools 1.1.1 Configuring Accessibility Options Configuring Accessibility Options 1.1.2 Exploring and Configuring the Aero Interface Exploring and Configuring the Aero Interface 1.2.5 Configuring Display Settings Configuring Display Settings 1.2.3 Creating and Managing Shortcuts Creating and Managing Shortcuts 1.2.4 Configuring Gadgets Configuring Gadgets 1.2.1 Configuring Profiles Configuring Profiles 1.2.2 Understanding Windows XP Mode Understanding Windows XP Mode 2.4.1 Understanding Med-V Understanding Med-V 3.5.1 Understanding VDI and App-V Understanding VDI and App-V 3.5.2
    3. 3. User AccountsUser Accounts • A collection of information that defines: – Actions that can be taken on a computer – Files and folders can be accessed (rights, policies, and permissions) • Keeps track of user preferences, such as the desktop background, window color, and screen saver
    4. 4. User AccountsUser Accounts • Types of user accounts in Windows 7: – Administrator – Standard user – Guest • Run as administrator command enables a standard user to run programs with administrative-level permissions
    5. 5. User AccountsUser Accounts
    6. 6. User Account ControlUser Account Control • A feature in Windows Vista and Windows 7 that requires administrative-level permission to make changes to your computer that affect security or affect settings for other user accounts
    7. 7. User Account Control Prompts/LevelsUser Account Control Prompts/Levels • Always notify me • Notify me only when programs try to make changes to my computer • Notify me only when programs try to make changes to my computer (do not dim my desktop) • Never notify me of installations or changes
    8. 8. Control PanelControl Panel • A utility that allows you to: – Configure operating system features – Set up hardware – Install and uninstall software – Create and modify users – Perform system maintenance
    9. 9. Category ViewCategory View
    10. 10. Large Icons ViewLarge Icons View
    11. 11. Small Icons ViewSmall Icons View
    12. 12. Administrative ToolsAdministrative Tools • A set of utilities for managing advanced Windows features and diagnosing system problems
    13. 13. Accessibility OptionsAccessibility Options
    14. 14. On-Screen KeyboardOn-Screen Keyboard
    15. 15. Microsoft Narrator Dialog BoxMicrosoft Narrator Dialog Box
    16. 16. High Contrast SettingsHigh Contrast Settings
    17. 17. Windows Desktop SettingsWindows Desktop Settings • A broad term that refers to many different configurable settings for personalizing Windows, such as the Windows theme, the desktop background, mouse clicks and pointer speeds, gadgets, shortcuts, and more • All settings are customizable—choosing the right mix will make a user’s Windows experience more enjoyable and more productive
    18. 18. Windows Desktop SettingsWindows Desktop Settings • Unlock and move the taskbar • Pin programs to the taskbar • Jump Lists • Live previews • Personalization page – Windows 7 is the default theme in Windows 7
    19. 19. Live PreviewsLive Previews
    20. 20. Personalization Page and ThemesPersonalization Page and Themes
    21. 21. Translucent Quality of an Aero ThemeTranslucent Quality of an Aero Theme
    22. 22. Windows Classic ThemeWindows Classic Theme
    23. 23. Window Color and Appearance Color MixerWindow Color and Appearance Color Mixer
    24. 24. Aero InterfaceAero Interface • Aero Shake • Aero Snap • Aero Peek • Show Desktop button (far right end of the taskbar)
    25. 25. Display SettingsDisplay Settings • Resolution • Color depth • Font size
    26. 26. Changing Screen ResolutionChanging Screen Resolution
    27. 27. Selecting a Color DepthSelecting a Color Depth
    28. 28. ShortcutsShortcuts • Icons or links that give you quick access to an original resource
    29. 29. ShortcutsShortcuts
    30. 30. GadgetsGadgets • A small, single-purpose application that can be installed on the Windows 7 desktop
    31. 31. User ProfilesUser Profiles • Contains all of a user’s personal preferences —from theme choice to screen saver to shortcuts • Windows relates a user’s preferences to the user account; each time a user logs on to Windows, the user’s profile is loaded • User profile is not the same as a user account
    32. 32. User ProfilesUser Profiles • Local and roaming profiles, stored in Windows (C:Users<user>AppData) • Local profile is available only on the computer on which it was created • Roaming profile enables a user to use any computer to connect to a Windows domain and access his or her profile
    33. 33. VirtualizationVirtualization • A technology that creates an abstract version of a complete operating environment (including a processor, memory, storage, network links, a display, and so forth) entirely in software • Software produces a virtual computer or a virtual machine (VM) • Has guest operating system
    34. 34. Microsoft VirtualizationMicrosoft Virtualization • Windows Virtual PC • Windows XP Mode • Microsoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualization (Med-V or MED-V) • Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) • Application Virtualization (App-V)
    35. 35. Windows XP ModeWindows XP Mode • An extension to Windows Virtual PC • When installed in Windows 7, enables users to run applications inside the VM that won’t work on Windows 7
    36. 36. Windows Virtual PC/Windows XP ModeWindows Virtual PC/Windows XP Mode
    37. 37. Application VirtualizationApplication Virtualization • Adds the ability to install and manage legacy applications and virtual machines centrally • Sometimes relies on additional Microsoft technologies, including a virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI)
    38. 38. Microsoft Enterprise Desktop VirtualizationMicrosoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualization (Med-V or MED-V)(Med-V or MED-V) • A way to deliver legacy applications to end users, on centrally configured and managed VMs • Allows administrators to manage master copies in the data center, while users work on copies of the master on their desktops
    39. 39. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) • Runs a desktop operating system within a VM running on a server • Depends on a special, licensed access right that permits users to access a virtual machine running a Windows client
    40. 40. Application Virtualization (App-V)Application Virtualization (App-V) • Permits users to launch and run applications on their desktops without installing or rebooting their machines • Makes instant use available through System Center and special centralized configuration and management utilities
    41. 41. SummarySummary • Windows 7 includes the Administrator, Standard user, and Guest accounts by default. • User Account Control (UAC) is a security feature in Windows Vista and Windows 7 that helps protect a computer from unauthorized changes. • There are four levels of UAC control, which result in different types of alerts or notifications to the user. • The Control Panel is a utility that allows you to configure operating system features, set up hardware, install and uninstall software, create and modify users, and perform system maintenance.
    42. 42. SummarySummary • The Ease of Access Center includes Magnifier, Narrator, On-Screen Keyboard, and High Contrast. • Windows desktop settings enable you to configure the theme, desktop background, mouse click and pointer speed, gadgets, shortcuts, and more. • Microsoft virtualization products include Virtual PC, Windows XP Mode, Microsoft Enterprise Desktop- Virtualization (Med-V), Application Virtualization (App-V), and Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI).

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