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Lesson 4 - Managing Applications, Services, Folders, and Libraries

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Lesson 4 - Managing Applications, Services, Folders, and Libraries

  1. 1. Managing Applications, Services, Folders,Managing Applications, Services, Folders, and Librariesand Libraries Lesson 4
  2. 2. ObjectivesObjectives Objective Domain Matrix Technology Skill Objective Domain Description Objective Domain Number Understanding Local versus Network Applications Understanding Local versus Network Applications 3.1.1 Removing or Uninstalling an Application Removing or Uninstalling Applications 3.1.3 Understanding Group Policy and Application Installation Understanding Group Policy 3.1.2 Understanding Service Startup Types Understanding Service Startup Types 3.4.1 Understanding Service Accounts Understanding Service Accounts 3.4.2 Understanding Service Dependencies Understanding Service Dependencies 3.4.3 Understanding MSCONFIG Understanding MSCONFIG 1.3.5 Understanding FAT, FAT32, and NTFS Understanding FAT, FAT32, and NTFS 4.1.1 Adding Multiple Local Locations to a Library Adding Multiple Local Locations to a Library 4.4.2 Adding Networked Locations Adding Networked Locations 4.4.3 Understanding Encrypting File System (EFS) Understanding Encrypting File System (EFS) 4.3.2 Understanding Security (Encryption) Understanding Security (Encryption) 5.2.2 Understanding Compression Understanding Compression 4.3.3 Understanding BitLocker Understanding BitLocker 4.3.1
  3. 3. Installing and Managing ApplicationsInstalling and Managing Applications • An application is a program that: – Runs “on top” of the operating system or from a server – Helps a user perform a specific task, such as word processing, appointment scheduling, or accounting
  4. 4. Installing and Managing ApplicationsInstalling and Managing Applications • Applications installed at the local level or the network level – Local installation = software files running directly from a computer – Network installation = software files are made available from an application server on a network
  5. 5. Uninstalling Local ApplicationsUninstalling Local Applications
  6. 6. Applications Installed over a NetworkApplications Installed over a Network • Group Policy • Active Directory • Group Policy objects (GPOs)
  7. 7. Assigning/Publishing ApplicationsAssigning/Publishing Applications • Windows 2008 R2 Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) uses Group Policy to push applications to users or computers. • Using Group Policy, you can assign or publish an application to all users or computers in a designated site, domain, organizational unit (OU), or to a local, individual user or computer.
  8. 8. Assigning ApplicationsAssigning Applications • If Group Policy assigns software on each computer, the software is installed the next time the computer starts and any users with the correct permissions who log on to the computer may run the software. • If Group Policy assigns software to users, the next time an authorized user clicks the Microsoft Office shortcut or menu item (for example), the software installs on the user’s computer and Office opens.
  9. 9. Publishing ApplicationsPublishing Applications • Group Policy can publish an application to users. – The next time a user logs on, he can choose to install the software from a dialog box that appears.
  10. 10. ServicesServices • Run in the background on a Windows system to help the operating system run other programs • Services console is the central management point of services in Windows Vista and Windows 7
  11. 11. ServicesServices
  12. 12. The General TabThe General Tab
  13. 13. The Log On TabThe Log On Tab
  14. 14. The Recovery TabThe Recovery Tab
  15. 15. The Dependencies TabThe Dependencies Tab
  16. 16. The Print Spooler Service in the ServicesThe Print Spooler Service in the Services ConsoleConsole
  17. 17. Selecting a Startup TypeSelecting a Startup Type
  18. 18. MSCONFIGMSCONFIG • Also known as the System Configuration Utility • Lets you: – Enable or disable startup services – Set boot options such as booting into Safe Mode – Access tools like Action Center and Event Viewer – More
  19. 19. The General TabThe General Tab
  20. 20. The Boot TabThe Boot Tab
  21. 21. Checking the Safe Boot Option onChecking the Safe Boot Option on the Boot Tabthe Boot Tab
  22. 22. The Services TabThe Services Tab
  23. 23. Disabling an Unneeded ServiceDisabling an Unneeded Service
  24. 24. The Startup TabThe Startup Tab
  25. 25. Disabling an Unneeded Startup ItemDisabling an Unneeded Startup Item
  26. 26. Selective Startup EnabledSelective Startup Enabled
  27. 27. The Tools TabThe Tools Tab
  28. 28. File SystemsFile Systems • FAT, FAT32, and NTFS • NTFS-formatted disks best for Windows 7 • Can convert from one file system to another • Some conversions destroy existing data
  29. 29. File SystemsFile Systems File System Maximum Partition Size Maximum File Size FAT 2 GB 2 GB FAT32 32 GB 4 GB NTFS 256 TB Limited by size of volume on which it resides
  30. 30. File SystemsFile Systems
  31. 31. Windows 7 LibrariesWindows 7 Libraries • A virtual folder that can display content from different locations (folders, for example) on your computer or an external drive • Looks like an ordinary folder but simply points to files and folders that are located elsewhere
  32. 32. Windows 7 LibrariesWindows 7 Libraries
  33. 33. Selecting a Library in WhichSelecting a Library in Which to Include a Folderto Include a Folder
  34. 34. The Locations HyperlinkThe Locations Hyperlink
  35. 35. The Pictures Library Locations Dialog BoxThe Pictures Library Locations Dialog Box
  36. 36. The Pictures Library Locations DialogThe Pictures Library Locations Dialog Box with a Newly Added FolderBox with a Newly Added Folder
  37. 37. Creating a New LibraryCreating a New Library
  38. 38. EncryptionEncryption • Encrypted data is “scrambled” but still readable and usable by the user who encrypted the file • That user and other authorized users can open and change the file as necessary • Unauthorized users who try to open the file or copy it receive “Access Denied” message
  39. 39. EncryptionEncryption • Only the original owner and the computer’s designated recovery agent can access encrypted files • Encryption uses: – Encryption keys – Certificates
  40. 40. Encrypting Files and Folders in Windows 7Encrypting Files and Folders in Windows 7 • Encrypting File System (EFS) – Encrypts information on hard disks, external flash disks, CDs, DVDs, backup tapes, and other types of physical media • Users can enforce encryption on data files, folders, and entire drives
  41. 41. Encrypting Files and Folders in Windows 7Encrypting Files and Folders in Windows 7 • Advanced Attributes dialog box enables users to encrypt files and folders
  42. 42. Encrypting Files and Folders in Windows 7Encrypting Files and Folders in Windows 7 • Encrypted (EFS) files and folders are displayed in green in Windows Explorer
  43. 43. Personal Certificates in Certificate ManagerPersonal Certificates in Certificate Manager
  44. 44. Using the Certificate Export WizardUsing the Certificate Export Wizard
  45. 45. CompressionCompression • The process of decreasing the size of files or folders without affecting the files’ content • Decreases large files that would otherwise use a lot of storage space • Compressing files replaces repeated data with pointers to the data; pointers take up much less space than the repeated data, so the size of the file is reduced
  46. 46. Compressing Files and Folders in Windows 7Compressing Files and Folders in Windows 7 • Advanced Attributes dialog box enables users to compress files and folders
  47. 47. BitLocker Drive EncryptionBitLocker Drive Encryption • Encrypts an entire fixed disk to prevent access by unauthorized users • BitLocker To Go protects removable drives, such as external flash drives • BitLocker is available in Windows Ultimate and Enterprise editions only
  48. 48. Turning on BitLockerTurning on BitLocker
  49. 49. SummarySummary • You install applications, or programs, at the local level or the network level. • Use Control Panel to uninstall a local application. • Group Policy lets you control who can install software, and on which computers, and helps you push software updates and security configurations across the network. • Services run in the background on a Windows system to help the operating system run other programs.
  50. 50. SummarySummary • Use MSCONFIG (System Configuration utility) to troubleshoot and diagnose startup problems. • The three primary types of file systems for Windows are FAT, FAT32, and NTFS. • A library is a virtual folder that points to resources. • Encrypting files and folders protects them from unwanted access. Microsoft uses the Encrypting File System (EFS) and BitLocker. • Compression reduces the size of files and folders without affecting their content.

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