Lesson 7 - Maintaining, Updating, and Protecting

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  • There are two commands in the Task Scheduler Actions pane for creating tasks: Create Basic Task and Create Task. When you use the Create Basic Task command, the Create Basic Task Wizard walks you through the essentials of creating a task. The Create Task command displays the Create Task dialog box, which is the manual way of creating a task but gives you more control and options.
  • Enables you to view the status of security features (firewall, antivirus software, etc.) and maintenance. Windows 7 notifies you of any pending issues by displaying a red X under the flag in the notification area.
  • The Maintenance section tracks solutions to problem reports, and the status of backups, Windows Update, and troubleshooting issues.
  • You can export information from System Information to a text file to send to a fellow support technician or post on a troubleshooting forum on a Web site. System Information enables you to save information to an .nfo file format, which you can open from System Information, or export information to a standard text file with a .txt file extension.
  • Administrators in all but very small environments often use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) to gather Windows updates and hotfixes and then distribute them to client computers.
  • Administrators in all but very small environments often use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) to gather Windows updates and hotfixes and then distribute them to client computers.
  • Administrators in all but very small environments often use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) to gather Windows updates and hotfixes and then distribute them to client computers.
  • Administrators in all but very small environments often use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) to gather Windows updates and hotfixes and then distribute them to client computers.
  • Administrators in all but very small environments often use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) to gather Windows updates and hotfixes and then distribute them to client computers.
  • The Action Center Security section tracks the computer’s firewall, antispyware software, and antivirus software, in addition to Windows Update, Internet security settings, User Account Control, and Network Access Protection (NAP).
  • Firewalls sometimes block good programs. You can use the Allow a program or feature through Windows Firewall command in the task pane of the Windows Firewall page to allow good programs to communicate through the firewall.
  • Spyware is a type of program that installs on your computer without your permission, monitors your computing activities, and reports the activity back to the spyware writer or a third party. Some legitimate companies use spyware to gather profile information about their customers for their direct marketing and product development efforts; however, most spyware is malicious in nature. Windows Defender is a free Microsoft antispyware program. It runs in the background, constantly monitoring a computer for spyware. When it detects spyware, the program quarantines it (so the spyware can't run on the computer) or deletes it. You can also run quick, full, and custom scans from Windows Defender.
  • You can set default behaviors when Windows Defender detects a severe, high, medium, or low alert item. All options in the drop-down lists include the choice to Quarantine or to Remove . The medium and low alert levels also include the Allow option.
  • Microsoft Security Essentials is a program that helps protect a computer from viruses and other malware. You can run Microsoft Security Essentials for free on up to 10 computers. Microsoft recommends that you use Microsoft Forefront Endpoint Protection (covered later in the lesson). Like Windows Defender, Security Essentials offers three types of scans: quick, full, and custom. Microsoft Security Essentials is updated regularly by the Microsoft Update service to ensure the signatures, the anti-malware engine, and the application itself are kept up to date. A signature is a sequence of text or code that’s programmed into a virus and uniquely identifies it. An anti-malware engine is the search process antivirus software uses to find viruses and other malware on a computer. Because new threats appear every day, Security Essentials downloads new signatures daily and uses the Dynamic Signature Service to push the updates to your computer almost immediately.
  • Scans a computer for dangerous malware and attempts to remove it immediately. It’s useful for removing malware that you know is on your system but can’t be removed by other anti-malware software. The tool is available as a free download from the Microsoft Web site.
  • Lesson 7 - Maintaining, Updating, and Protecting

    1. 1. Maintaining, Updating, and ProtectingMaintaining, Updating, and Protecting Upgrading Windows 7Upgrading Windows 7 Lesson 7
    2. 2. ObjectivesObjectives Objective Domain Matrix Technology Skill Objective Domain Description Objective Domain Number Understanding Disk Defragmenter Understanding Disk Defragmenter 6.2.1 Understanding Disk Cleanup Understanding Disk Cleanup 6.2.2 Understanding Task Scheduler Understanding Task Scheduler 6.2.3 Understanding Action Center Understanding Action Center 6.2.4 Understanding System Information Understanding System Information 6.2.5 Understanding the Windows Registry Understanding the Windows Registry 3.3.4 Understanding Windows Updates Understanding Windows Updates 6.3.1 Understanding Microsoft Updates Understanding Microsoft Updates 6.3.2 Understanding Hotfixes Understanding Hotfixes 6.3.3 Understanding Action Center Understanding Action Center 3.3.2 Understanding Windows Defender Understanding Windows Defender 3.3.1 Using the Malicious Software Removal Tool Using the Malicious Software Removal Tool 3.3.3 Understanding Windows Forefront Endpoint Protection Understanding Windows Forefront Endpoint Protection 3.3.5
    3. 3. Disk DefragmenterDisk Defragmenter • A utility that helps improve a computer’s performance by moving sectors of data on the hard disk, so that files are stored sequentially • Minimizes the movement a hard disk’s arm must make to read all of the sectors that make up a file or program • Set to automatically run once a week
    4. 4. Disk DefragmenterDisk Defragmenter
    5. 5. Disk CleanupDisk Cleanup • Helps users remove unnecessary files from their computers: – Downloaded program files – Temporary Internet files – Offline Web pages – Files left after running software – More
    6. 6. Disk CleanupDisk Cleanup
    7. 7. Task SchedulerTask Scheduler • Enables a user to schedule and automate a variety of actions, such starting programs, displaying messages, and even sending e- mails • Tasks scheduled by specifying a trigger, which is an event that causes a task to run, and an action, which is the action taken when the task runs • Two primary task-creating commands: Create Basic Task and Create Task
    8. 8. Creating Basic TasksCreating Basic Tasks
    9. 9. Creating Basic TasksCreating Basic Tasks
    10. 10. Creating Basic TasksCreating Basic Tasks
    11. 11. Creating Basic TasksCreating Basic Tasks
    12. 12. Creating Basic TasksCreating Basic Tasks
    13. 13. Creating Basic TasksCreating Basic Tasks
    14. 14. Creating Basic TasksCreating Basic Tasks
    15. 15. Creating Basic TasksCreating Basic Tasks
    16. 16. Creating TasksCreating Tasks
    17. 17. Creating TasksCreating Tasks
    18. 18. Creating TasksCreating Tasks
    19. 19. Creating TasksCreating Tasks
    20. 20. Creating TasksCreating Tasks
    21. 21. Action CenterAction Center
    22. 22. Action CenterAction Center
    23. 23. System InformationSystem Information • Displays a wealth of information about a computer’s hardware, drivers, and system software • Check System Information for possible clues as to the source of system-related issues
    24. 24. System InformationSystem Information
    25. 25. System InformationSystem Information
    26. 26. Windows RegistryWindows Registry Key Subkey Values
    27. 27. Windows UpdateWindows Update
    28. 28. Windows UpdateWindows Update
    29. 29. Important UpdatesImportant Updates
    30. 30. Optional UpdatesOptional Updates
    31. 31. Windows Update HistoryWindows Update History
    32. 32. Action Center Security SectionAction Center Security Section
    33. 33. Windows FirewallWindows Firewall
    34. 34. Allowing Programs through Windows FirewallAllowing Programs through Windows Firewall
    35. 35. Windows DefenderWindows Defender
    36. 36. Windows Defender Default ActionsWindows Defender Default Actions
    37. 37. Windows Defender Advanced OptionsWindows Defender Advanced Options
    38. 38. Microsoft Security EssentialsMicrosoft Security Essentials
    39. 39. Microsoft Windows Malicious SoftwareMicrosoft Windows Malicious Software Removal ToolRemoval Tool
    40. 40. Microsoft Forefront Endpoint ProtectionMicrosoft Forefront Endpoint Protection • Antivirus/anti-malware and management software for desktops, laptops, and other client endpoints in a business environment • Designed for environments with more than 10 client computers • Built on System Center Configuration Manager – Provides centralized management and security of client computers; supports WSUS
    41. 41. Microsoft Forefront Endpoint ProtectionMicrosoft Forefront Endpoint Protection
    42. 42. SummarySummary • Disk Defragmenter can speed up your computer’s performance by defragmenting data on your hard disk. • Disk Cleanup helps you remove unnecessary files from your computer. • Task Scheduler enables you to automate tasks that don’t have scheduling features built in. • Windows 7 Action Center tracks maintenance and security utilities, issues, and so on.
    43. 43. SummarySummary • System Information displays a wealth of information about your computer’s hardware, drivers, and system software. • The Windows Registry is a database of configuration settings for your computer. • Windows Update and Microsoft Update are the primary update tools for Windows 7. • Windows Firewall is the native firewall in Windows 7 and many other versions of Windows.
    44. 44. SummarySummary • Windows Defender is a free program that protects your computer from spyware. • Microsoft Security Essentials provides real-time protection from viruses and other malware. • If your anti-malware software cannot remove a virus or worm from a computer, try the Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool. • Microsoft Forefront Endpoint Protection works with System Center Configuration Manager 2007 to provide security for network-connected computers in the enterprise.

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