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EDUPUB 2013: Schema.org LRMI and A11Y for Discovery

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EDUPUB 2013: Schema.org LRMI and A11Y for Discovery

  1. 1. Extending Schema.org to Improve Education Resource Discovery & Accessibility
  2. 2. What is Schema.org? A data structure to describe ‘things’ on the web agreed upon by the major search engines to improve search & discoverability Page 2
  3. 3. Schema.org – Food for Thought Page 3
  4. 4. Schema.org – Food for Thought Page 4
  5. 5. Schema.org – Food for Thought Page 5
  6. 6. Schema.org – Food for Thought Page 6
  7. 7. Schema.org – Food for Thought Page 7
  8. 8. Schema.org – Food for Thought Page 8
  9. 9. Schema.org – Food for Thought Page 9
  10. 10. Schema.org – Food for Thought Page 10
  11. 11. Recipe Tagging Example <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Recipe"> <div itemprop="nutrition” itemscope itemtype="http:// schema.org/NutritionInformation"> Nutrition facts: <span itemprop="calories">240 calories</span>, </div> Ingredients: - <span itemprop="ingredients">3 or 4 ripe bananas, smashed</span> - <span itemprop="ingredients">1 egg</span> Page 11
  12. 12. Learning Resources Metadata Page 12
  13. 13. So, why do we need a standard? Page 13 1
  14. 14. Why Now? Kinda’ Perfect Storm Goal: Make it easier and more convenient to find learning resources that meet specific student and class needs. Curriculum Standards LRMI Schema.org Intersection of three opportunities Resource Registries (Learning Registry) from a representation by Brandt Redd, Gates Foundation Page 14 1
  15. 15. The  LRMI  Proper-es  v1  (lrmi.net/the-­‐specifica-on)   General  Terms  (Schema.org): Educa-onal  Terms:   •  intendedEndUserRole   •  -tle/name •  educa-onalUse       •  URL •  -meRequired   •  Descrip-on •  typicalAgeRange       •  Image •  interac-vityType       •  Topic •  learningResourceType   •  created  (date) Competency  related:   •  Creator •  educa-onalAlignment   •  Publisher •  Descrip-on   •  inLanguage •  URL   •  Mediatype •  Alignment  Type     •  technologiesRequired •  educa-onalFramework   •  technologiesRecommended   •  targetDescrip-on   •  targetName   •  Use  RightsURL •  targetURL   •  is  based  on       Page 15
  16. 16. Page 16
  17. 17. http://209.7.195.215:90/Search.aspx Page 17
  18. 18. Page 18
  19. 19. Easy on… Easy off (& running) Page 19
  20. 20. From Initiative to Consortium Gates Foundation funded to International Consortium Page 20
  21. 21. All about Shifting Move from… Resource Institution Media Adopted to to to to Learning Learner Engagement Discovered Page 21
  22. 22. What About Accessibility? Addressing the needs of ALL Students Discover Learning Resources based on disability needs and learner preferences ●  Compatible with AT, WCAG guidelines ●  Leverage MathML, tactile graphics and image descriptions Have closed-captioned video ●  Page 22
  23. 23. Leveraging Access For All ●  Gates Foundation funded Benetech to develop a Schema.org proposal for Accessibility Metadata that would be complementary to LRMI ●  Benetech assembled a broad Working Group of experts –  AEP (LRMI), APH, Dublin Core, EDItEUR (ONIX), Gooru Learning, IMS Global, IDRC, NCAM, SRI (Learning Registry) ●  Proposal submitted to Schema.org in April 2013 –  Influenced heavily by IMS Global Access for All –  Released under a Creative Commons BY-SA License Page 23
  24. 24. Accessibility Properties Access  Mode   •  auditory,  textual,  visual,   colorDependent   Media  Feature   •  alterna-veText,  longdescrip-on,   MathML,  cap-on,  transcript   Alterna-ves   •  hasAdapta-on,  isAdapata-onOf   Access  Hazard   •  flashing,  mo-onSimula-on,  sound   Others   •  displayTransformability,  AccessAPI,   controlFlexibility   http://a11ymetadata.org Page 24
  25. 25. Application to Books Part 1 <span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Book”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”textual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”longDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”structuralNavigation”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”MathML”/> … Page 25
  26. 26. Application to Books Part 2 <meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=DAISY_TEXT_ONLY"/> <meta itemprop="hasAdaptation" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/…&downloadFormat=BRF"/> … Page 26
  27. 27. Application to Books Part 3 <div class="adaptationLinks”> <span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book"> <meta itemprop="isAdaptationOf" content="https:// www.bookshare.org/browse/book/679044"/> <meta itemprop="bookFormat" content="EBook"/> <meta itemprop="accessMode" content="auditory"/> <meta itemprop="mediaFeature" content="structuralNavigation"/> <meta itemprop="encodingFormat" content="MP3"/> <meta itemprop="encodingFormat" content="Audio"/> <a itemprop="url" href="https://someurl">Audio</a> </span> Page 27
  28. 28. The End Result Search for “history” titles on Bookshare and filter by presence of image descriptions: http://www.a11ymetadata.org/bookshare-tags-over-195000-titles-with-accessibilitymetadata/ Page 28
  29. 29. Application to Video <div itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/Movie”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”auditory”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”audioDescription”/> <meta itemprop=”mediaFeature” content=”captions”/> YOUR VIDEO HTML CODE HERE </div> Page 29
  30. 30. Application to Images <span itemscope=”” itemtype=”http://schema.org/ ImageObject”> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”visual”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”tactile”/> <meta itemprop=”accessMode” content=”auditory”/> <meta itemprop=”mediafeature” content=”tactileGraphic”/> <meta itemprop="mediafeature" content="braille"/> <meta itemprop="learningResourceType" content="illustration" /> <meta itemprop="typicalAgeRange" content="15-16" /> IMAGE HTML MARKUP HERE </span> Page 30
  31. 31. Upcoming Filters for Free.Ed.Gov Page 31
  32. 32. Adoption Status ●  In active discussion with Schema.org reps ●  Bookshare book detail pages are tagged ●  Learning Registry integration with Free.Ed.gov –  Bookshare and Khan Academy videos ●  EPUB 3.0.1 support Schema.org metadata –  which includes LRMI and soon accessibility properties ●  In discussions with eBook publishers and distributors ●  Exploring use for accessible image registry Page 32
  33. 33. Resources and Contact Info ●  http://schema.org http://lrmi.net ●  http://a11ymetadata.org ●  http://bornaccessible.org ●  Gerardo Capiel, gerardoc@benetech.org @gcapiel Michael Jay, michael@edusystemics.com @edReflector Project Twitter Hashtags: #LRMI #a11ymetadata Page 33

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