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Semantic web an overview and projects

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The Semantic Web is a mesh of information linked up in such a way as to be easily processable by machines, on a global scale. You can think of it as being an efficient way of representing data on the World Wide Web, or as a globally linked database.

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Semantic web an overview and projects

  1. 1. ByBy Ms. Pranali GedamMs. Pranali Gedam Librarian,Librarian, && Mrs. Shalini LihitkarMrs. Shalini Lihitkar Asst. Professor, DLISC,Asst. Professor, DLISC, RTM,Nagpur University, Nagpur-10RTM,Nagpur University, Nagpur-10 Email:Email: shanwaghmare@yahoo.comshanwaghmare@yahoo.com Presented atPresented at National Conference onNational Conference on Knowledge Management in the Globalized EraKnowledge Management in the Globalized Era Organised ByOrganised By AALDI,New DelhiAALDI,New Delhi Semantic Web: an overview &Semantic Web: an overview & ProjectsProjects
  2. 2. IntroductionIntroduction •The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web andThe Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web and not its replacement.not its replacement. •It is a web of data.It is a web of data. The Web of data with meaning in the sense that a computer programme can learn enough about what the data means to process it. •The Semantic Web is a mesh of information linked up in such a way as to be easily processable by machines, on a global scale. You can think of it as being an efficient way of representing data on the World Wide Web, or as a globally linked database. •The Semantic Web is the extension of the World Wide WebThe Semantic Web is the extension of the World Wide Web that enables people to sharethat enables people to share contentcontent beyond the boundaries ofbeyond the boundaries of applications and websites. It has been described in ratherapplications and websites. It has been described in rather different ways: as adifferent ways: as a utopic visionutopic vision, as a, as a web of dataweb of data, or merely, or merely as aas a natural paradigm shiftnatural paradigm shift in our daily use of the Web.in our daily use of the Web.
  3. 3. ApplicationsApplications • It is as a component ofIt is as a component of Web 3.0Web 3.0.. Semantic WebSemantic Web technologies can be used in a variety of application areas;technologies can be used in a variety of application areas; for example: infor example: in data integrationdata integration, whereby data in various, whereby data in various locations and various formats can be integrated in one,locations and various formats can be integrated in one, seamless application; inseamless application; in resource discovery andresource discovery and classificationclassification to provide better, domain specific searchto provide better, domain specific search engine capabilities; inengine capabilities; in catalogingcataloging for describing the contentfor describing the content and content relationships available at a particular Web site,and content relationships available at a particular Web site, page, or digital library; bypage, or digital library; by intelligentintelligent software agents tosoftware agents to facilitate knowledge sharing and exchange; in contentfacilitate knowledge sharing and exchange; in content ratingrating;; in describing collectionsin describing collections of pages that represent aof pages that represent a single logical “document”; for describingsingle logical “document”; for describing intellectualintellectual property rightsproperty rights of Web pages (of Web pages (see, eg, the Creativesee, eg, the Creative CommonsCommons),), and in many others.and in many others.
  4. 4. (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_Web Accessed on 22/5/09) Components of Semantic Web
  5. 5. The Semantic Web StackThe Semantic Web Stack • XMLXML • XML SchemaXML Schema • RDFRDF (Resource Description Framework(Resource Description Framework )) • RDF SchemaRDF Schema • OWL addsOWL adds • SPARQLSPARQL
  6. 6. Groups of Semantic WebGroups of Semantic Web Sr.Sr. No.No. Active GroupsActive Groups Past GroupsPast Groups 11 Semantic Web Coordination GroupSemantic Web Coordination Group RDF Core Working GroupRDF Core Working Group 22 Rules Interchange Format Working GroupRules Interchange Format Working Group Web Ontology Working GroupWeb Ontology Working Group 33 OWL Working GroupOWL Working Group Semantic Web Best Practices andSemantic Web Best Practices and Deployment Working GroupDeployment Working Group 44 SPARQL Working GroupSPARQL Working Group Semantic Web Education and OutreachSemantic Web Education and Outreach Interest GroupInterest Group 55 Semantic Web Deployment WorkingSemantic Web Deployment Working GroupGroup Gleaning Resource Descriptions fromGleaning Resource Descriptions from Dialects of Languages WorkingDialects of Languages Working GroupGroup 66 Semantic Web Interest GroupSemantic Web Interest Group 77 Semantic Web Health Care and LifeSemantic Web Health Care and Life Sciences Interest GroupSciences Interest Group Table – 1- Two Groups
  7. 7. Sr.Sr. No.No. Semantic WebSemantic Web Software &Software & DemonstrationsDemonstrations Proposed byProposed by ProjectProject Completed/Completed/ CountryCountry DescriptionDescription 11 Human ComputationHuman Computation VideoVideo Luis Von Ahn PresentsLuis Von Ahn Presents innovative techniques to incorporate RDF info into ainnovative techniques to incorporate RDF info into a database of images, video or other group of data.database of images, video or other group of data. 22 Open SourceOpen Source Semantic SearchSemantic Search provided by WebGapsprovided by WebGaps 33 SWED portalSWED portal (Semantic Web(Semantic Web EnvironmentalEnvironmental Directory)Directory) provided byprovided by WordPressHelpWordPressHelp Oct 2004Oct 2004 The Semantic Web Environmental Directory (SWED)The Semantic Web Environmental Directory (SWED) is a prototype of a new kind of directory ofis a prototype of a new kind of directory of environmental organisations and projects.environmental organisations and projects. http://www.swed.co.uk/swed/index.htmlhttp://www.swed.co.uk/swed/index.html 44 Semantic SystemsSemantic Systems BiologyBiology provided by Semanticprovided by Semantic System BiologySystem Biology Semantic Systems Biology (SSB) is a systems biologySemantic Systems Biology (SSB) is a systems biology approach that uses semantic description of knowledgeapproach that uses semantic description of knowledge about biological systems to facilitate integrated dataabout biological systems to facilitate integrated data analysis.analysis. http://www.semantic-systems-biology.org/http://www.semantic-systems-biology.org/ 55 Semantic SearchSemantic Search engineengine provided by Inbentaprovided by Inbenta Focused on your website and corporate Intranet,Focused on your website and corporate Intranet, INBENTA is a pioneer in a new class ofINBENTA is a pioneer in a new class of EnterpriseEnterprise Semantic Search Technology that's aimed toSemantic Search Technology that's aimed to dramatically improving the experience of onlinedramatically improving the experience of online customer, based on latest developments on Naturalcustomer, based on latest developments on Natural Language Processing technologiesLanguage Processing technologies http://www.inbenta.com/index.php/en.htmlhttp://www.inbenta.com/index.php/en.html 66 SemandeksSemandeks an approach foran approach for generating semanticgenerating semantic content through socialcontent through social inputinput Semandeks is an attempt to simplify the concept ofSemandeks is an attempt to simplify the concept of semantic web. It is an attempt to make the conceptsemantic web. It is an attempt to make the concept more user-friendly so that it can be easily understoodmore user-friendly so that it can be easily understood and manipulated by the laymanand manipulated by the layman http://semandeks.com/#home:http://semandeks.com/#home: 77 Maven SemanticMaven Semantic Healthcare DatabaseHealthcare Database Provided by ResearchProvided by Research and Markets Releasesand Markets Releases New SemanticNew Semantic Healthcare DatabaseHealthcare Database DUBLIN,DUBLIN, IrelandIreland The current database holds over 5 million healthcareThe current database holds over 5 million healthcare executives, and 500,000 healthcareexecutives, and 500,000 healthcare organisations.http://www.researchandmarkets.com)organisations.http://www.researchandmarkets.com) Table – 2 - Semantic Web Software
  8. 8. Table – 3 The Projects of Semantic Web Sr.Sr. No.No. Projects ofProjects of Semantic WebSemantic Web Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 11 DBpediaDBpedia University ofUniversity of Leipzig, FreieLeipzig, Freie UniversitätUniversität Berlin, OpenLinkBerlin, OpenLink SoftwareSoftware Initial ReaseInitial Rease January 23,January 23, 20072007 1. To publish structured data extracted from Wikipedia1. To publish structured data extracted from Wikipedia 2. The data is published in RDF and made available on the2. The data is published in RDF and made available on the Web for use under the GNU Free Documentation LicenseWeb for use under the GNU Free Documentation License http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DBpediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DBpedia 22 FOAF (Friend ofFOAF (Friend of a Friend)a Friend) A popular application of the semantic web is FoaF, whichA popular application of the semantic web is FoaF, which describes relationships among people and other agents indescribes relationships among people and other agents in terms of RDF.terms of RDF. 33 SIOCSIOC (Semantically-(Semantically- InterlinkedInterlinked OnlineOnline Communities)Communities) John G. BreslinJohn G. Breslin and Uldis Bojarsand Uldis Bojars 2004 Started2004 Started The SIOC Project - provides a vocabulary of terms andThe SIOC Project - provides a vocabulary of terms and relationships that model web data spaces. Ex. Include :relationships that model web data spaces. Ex. Include : discussion forums, weblogs, blogrolls / feed subscriptions,discussion forums, weblogs, blogrolls / feed subscriptions, mailing lists, shared bookmarks, image galleries.mailing lists, shared bookmarks, image galleries. 44 Open GUIDOpen GUID a globala global IdentifierIdentifier repositoryrepository Aimed at providing context for the Semantic Web, Open GUIDAimed at providing context for the Semantic Web, Open GUID maintains for use in the linked web. Domain-specificmaintains for use in the linked web. Domain-specific Ontologies and content publishers establish identityOntologies and content publishers establish identity relationships with Open GUIDs.relationships with Open GUIDs. 55 SIMILESIMILE by the MITby the MIT Libraries andLibraries and MIT CSAILMIT CSAIL SIMILE (Semantic Interoperability of Metadata andSIMILE (Semantic Interoperability of Metadata and Information in unLike Environments)is a joint project,Information in unLike Environments)is a joint project, conducted, which seeks to enhance interoperabilityconducted, which seeks to enhance interoperability among,digital,assets,schemata/vocabularies/among,digital,assets,schemata/vocabularies/ ontologies, meta data, and services.ontologies, meta data, and services. 66 NextBioNextBio NextBioNextBio SoftwareSoftware CompanyCompany California USACalifornia USA 20042004 A database consolidating high-throughput life sciencesA database consolidating high-throughput life sciences experimental data tagged and connected via biomedicalexperimental data tagged and connected via biomedical ontologies. Nextbio is accessible via a search engine interface.ontologies. Nextbio is accessible via a search engine interface. The database currently supports gene or protein expressionThe database currently supports gene or protein expression
  9. 9. Sr.Sr. NoNo .. Projects ofProjects of SemanticSemantic WebWeb Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 77 LinkingLinking Open DataOpen Data The project isThe project is sponsored by thesponsored by the W3C's Semantic WebW3C's Semantic Web Education & OutreachEducation & Outreach Interest GroupInterest Group (SWEO).(SWEO). Sept 2008Sept 2008 Linking Open Data project, as of - a community-led effort to createLinking Open Data project, as of - a community-led effort to create openly accessible, and interlinked, RDF (Resource Descriptionopenly accessible, and interlinked, RDF (Resource Description Framework) Data on the Web.Framework) Data on the Web. 88 InsemtivesInsemtives European SeventhEuropean Seventh Framework ProgramFramework Program (FP7)(FP7) Insemtives is a -funded project with the objective to bridge the gapInsemtives is a -funded project with the objective to bridge the gap between human and computational intelligence for the semanticbetween human and computational intelligence for the semantic content authoring.content authoring. 99 SemanticSemantic MediaWikMediaWik ii The WikiProject "Semantic MediaWiki" provides a commonThe WikiProject "Semantic MediaWiki" provides a common platform for discussing extensions of the MediaWiki software thatplatform for discussing extensions of the MediaWiki software that allow for simple, machine-based processing of Wiki-content.allow for simple, machine-based processing of Wiki-content. 1010 SWANSWAN (Semantic(Semantic WebWeb ApplicatioApplicatio ns inns in NeuromediNeuromedi cine)cine) SWAN is a Web-based collaborative program that aims toSWAN is a Web-based collaborative program that aims to organize and annotate scientific knowledge about Alzheimerorganize and annotate scientific knowledge about Alzheimer disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Its goal is todisease (AD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Its goal is to facilitate the formation, development and testing of hypothesesfacilitate the formation, development and testing of hypotheses about the disease. swan.mindinformatics.orgabout the disease. swan.mindinformatics.org 1111 CommunitCommunit y Projectsy Projects W3C Semantic WebW3C Semantic Web Education andEducation and Outreach (SWEO)Outreach (SWEO) Interest Group wishes to encourage a community of developers toInterest Group wishes to encourage a community of developers to come together to work on some Semantic Web projects. This rallycome together to work on some Semantic Web projects. This rally has the goal of using our collective input to generating real runninghas the goal of using our collective input to generating real running code, that can help us to demonstrate the value of the Semanticcode, that can help us to demonstrate the value of the Semantic Web to a wide user base.Web to a wide user base. 1212 SWAD-SWAD- EuropeEurope projectproject EUEU Started MayStarted May 2002 to2002 to October 2004October 2004 aimed to support W3C's Semantic Web initiative in Europe,aimed to support W3C's Semantic Web initiative in Europe, providing targeted research, demonstrations and outreach toproviding targeted research, demonstrations and outreach to ensure Semantic Web technologies move into the mainstream ofensure Semantic Web technologies move into the mainstream of networked computingnetworked computing http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/Europe/http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/Europe/
  10. 10. Sr.Sr. NoNo .. Projects ofProjects of SemanticSemantic WebWeb Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 1313 Open DataOpen Data on Semanticon Semantic WebWeb (SWOD)(SWOD) w3c HCLSw3c HCLS group's scientificgroup's scientific publishing taskpublishing task forceforce Started inStarted in 20062006 The project have developed first version of the open source tool based onThe project have developed first version of the open source tool based on WordPress blogger software and the ontologies being developed for the w3cWordPress blogger software and the ontologies being developed for the w3c HCLS group's scientific publishing task force. This project will build onHCLS group's scientific publishing task force. This project will build on top of the existing tool and ontologies, and also figure out the most practicaltop of the existing tool and ontologies, and also figure out the most practical way to promote the adoption of the tool for promoting open data onway to promote the adoption of the tool for promoting open data on semantic web.semantic web. http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjectshttp://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects 1414 SemWeb2oSemWeb2o Develop a service oriented website that allows users to edit, publish, hostDevelop a service oriented website that allows users to edit, publish, host and announce new RDF documents, in popular vocabularies, easily.and announce new RDF documents, in popular vocabularies, easily. basically, FOAF-O-Matic-ish apps + PURL + The friendliest user interfacesbasically, FOAF-O-Matic-ish apps + PURL + The friendliest user interfaces imaginable.imaginable. http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjectshttp://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects 1515 "A History"A History Book ForBook For Tomorrow"Tomorrow" This project includes an environment where historians would be able toThis project includes an environment where historians would be able to compose and discuss their knowledge and the data would be obtainablecompose and discuss their knowledge and the data would be obtainable through SPARQL.through SPARQL. http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjectshttp://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects 1616 Knowee /Knowee / contactcontact organizerorganizer Semantic WebSemantic Web Education andEducation and OutreachOutreach (SWEO) Interest(SWEO) Interest GroupGroup ,, The knowee project aims to create a webby address book based onThe knowee project aims to create a webby address book based on Semantic Web technologies. We will keep things simple and lightweight. ASemantic Web technologies. We will keep things simple and lightweight. A rather small subset of the huge (Sem)Web technology menu should get usrather small subset of the huge (Sem)Web technology menu should get us most of the way.most of the way. http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjectshttp://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects knowee.orgknowee.org 1717 WeatherVieWeatherVie w forw for TabulatorTabulator He proposes a weather view for Tabulator, but it should be ontology-based.He proposes a weather view for Tabulator, but it should be ontology-based. http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjectshttp://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects 1818 PowderPowder BrowserBrowser ExtensionExtension POWDER (Protocol for Web Description Resources) uses RDF-CL to make statementsPOWDER (Protocol for Web Description Resources) uses RDF-CL to make statements about web content.http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjectsabout web content.http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects 1919 ContentContent The purpose of this project is to develop a wiki on [www.contentlabel.org] so thatThe purpose of this project is to develop a wiki on [www.contentlabel.org] so that
  11. 11. Sr.Sr. NoNo .. Projects of SemanticProjects of Semantic WebWeb Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 2020 Media WidgetsMedia Widgets Managing relationships of objects, attriubtes and processes Basically, yourManaging relationships of objects, attriubtes and processes Basically, your standard desktop widgets, but based on the SPARQL JSON format forstandard desktop widgets, but based on the SPARQL JSON format for maximum portability and scalability. Possibly investigate existing librarymaximum portability and scalability. Possibly investigate existing library toolkits, and further SW activities. Look into JS-based agents, implementedtoolkits, and further SW activities. Look into JS-based agents, implemented as widgets. Perhaps have tie-ins to IRC, Jabber, etc.as widgets. Perhaps have tie-ins to IRC, Jabber, etc. http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjectshttp://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects 2121 Data, Information,Data, Information, and Processand Process Integration withIntegration with Semantic WebSemantic Web Services - ProjectServices - Project DIP’s objective has been to develop and extend Semantic Web and WebDIP’s objective has been to develop and extend Semantic Web and Web Service technologies in order to produce a new technology infrastructureService technologies in order to produce a new technology infrastructure for Semantic Web Services (SWS) - an environment in which different webfor Semantic Web Services (SWS) - an environment in which different web services can discover and cooperate with each other automatically.services can discover and cooperate with each other automatically. http://dip.semanticweb.org/http://dip.semanticweb.org/ 2222 Your partner inYour partner in Research andResearch and CommercialCommercial ProjectsProjects The Semantic Web has altered to a very dynamic and comprehensive issueThe Semantic Web has altered to a very dynamic and comprehensive issue within the information-society. Whereas the years from 2001 to 2005 wherewithin the information-society. Whereas the years from 2001 to 2005 where characterized as far-reaching direction settings by means of standard-characterized as far-reaching direction settings by means of standard- definitions and developing of basic technologies there has been a livelydefinitions and developing of basic technologies there has been a lively convergence with other issues as Web 2.0, new media technologies orconvergence with other issues as Web 2.0, new media technologies or bioinformatics. www.semanticweb.at/4.projects.htmbioinformatics. www.semanticweb.at/4.projects.htm 2323 Semantic WebSemantic Web Portal ProjectPortal Project It is our mission to create a Semantic Web Portal, demonstrating theIt is our mission to create a Semantic Web Portal, demonstrating the maturity of Semantic Web technology in a real application. sw-maturity of Semantic Web technology in a real application. sw- portal.deri.orgportal.deri.org 2424 Corporate SemanticCorporate Semantic WebWeb Corporate Semantic Web invites businesses to state their interest inCorporate Semantic Web invites businesses to state their interest in Semantic Web technologies and to describe individual business-cases whichSemantic Web technologies and to describe individual business-cases which will be examined and evaluated with regard to innovative methods andwill be examined and evaluated with regard to innovative methods and tools designed by the research group.tools designed by the research group. www.corporate-semantic-web.dewww.corporate-semantic-web.de
  12. 12. 2525 DBin.orgDBin.org May,May, 20062006 DBin is instead a general purpose and user oriented W3C Semantic WebDBin is instead a general purpose and user oriented W3C Semantic Web empowered application .verion 0.4 "Barbera" has been released on 10 May,empowered application .verion 0.4 "Barbera" has been released on 10 May, 20062006 r www.dbin.orgr www.dbin.org 2626 KIWI:KIWI: KnowledgeKnowledge in a Wikiin a Wiki ProjectProject start isstart is MarchMarch 20082008 The objective of the project KIWI is to develop an advanced knowledgeThe objective of the project KIWI is to develop an advanced knowledge management system (the “KIWI system”) based on a semantic wiki that willmanagement system (the “KIWI system”) based on a semantic wiki that will address this problem. This system will support collaborative knowledgeaddress this problem. This system will support collaborative knowledge creation and sharing, and use semantic descriptions and reasoning as a meanscreation and sharing, and use semantic descriptions and reasoning as a means to intelligently author, change and deliver content.to intelligently author, change and deliver content. KIWI“ is a EU FP7 small- or medium scale focused research project (STREP).KIWI“ is a EU FP7 small- or medium scale focused research project (STREP). 2727 ECOIECOI ecoi.net provides up-to-date and publicly available country of originecoi.net provides up-to-date and publicly available country of origin information with a special focus on the needs of asylum lawyers, refugeeinformation with a special focus on the needs of asylum lawyers, refugee counsels and persons deciding on claims for asylum and other forms ofcounsels and persons deciding on claims for asylum and other forms of international protection.international protection. 2828 Sem'baseSem'base startedstarted inin FebruaryFebruary 20062006 finishedfinished itsits activitiesactivities inin NovembeNovembe r 2006.r 2006. sem'base is an awareness measure in the programme FIT-IT Semantic Systemsem'base is an awareness measure in the programme FIT-IT Semantic System The project goals:The project goals: •Survey and interviews with key playersSurvey and interviews with key players •Awareness building for semantic technologies at the European Forum inAwareness building for semantic technologies at the European Forum in Alpbach 2006 and at the topic related conferences I-KNOW 06 and SemanticsAlpbach 2006 and at the topic related conferences I-KNOW 06 and Semantics 0606 •Gap analysis indicating the opportunities and weaknesses of the semanticGap analysis indicating the opportunities and weaknesses of the semantic systems sector in Austriasystems sector in Austria 2929 SemNetMan:SemNetMan: Semantic-Semantic- basedbased Network-Network- ManagementManagement . FFG-. FFG- sponsoredsponsored projectproject runningrunning 1818 monthsmonths fromfrom 2005 to2005 to 20062006 The project "SemNetMan" (semantic-based Network-Management) isThe project "SemNetMan" (semantic-based Network-Management) is combining two methods that both are relevant for the cross-linked knowledgecombining two methods that both are relevant for the cross-linked knowledge society: The Social Network Analysis (SNA) and the techniques of Semanticsociety: The Social Network Analysis (SNA) and the techniques of Semantic Web.The emerging method should enable efficient Network-ManagementWeb.The emerging method should enable efficient Network-Management within especially defined project-needs and environments.within especially defined project-needs and environments. www.semanticweb.at/19.6213.projects-do wn loads.htmwww.semanticweb.at/19.6213.projects-do wn loads.htm Sr.Sr. NoNo .. Projects ofProjects of Semantic WebSemantic Web Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives
  13. 13. Sr.Sr. NoNo .. Projects of SemanticProjects of Semantic WebWeb Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 3030 Semantic WebSemantic Web SpacesSpaces SeptemberSeptember 1, 20061, 2006 Semantic Web Spaces is a Coordination Middleware forSemantic Web Spaces is a Coordination Middleware for the Semantic Web. Semantic Web Spaces is based onthe Semantic Web. Semantic Web Spaces is based on Linda and it extends classical Linda model with newLinda and it extends classical Linda model with new types of tuples, containing RDF statements and newtypes of tuples, containing RDF statements and new coordination primitives.coordination primitives. •release1.0release1.0 •semwebspaces1.0semwebspaces1.0 3131 INFRAWEBSINFRAWEBS (Intelligent(Intelligent Framework forFramework for GeneratingGenerating OpenOpen (Adaptable)(Adaptable) DevelopmentDevelopment Platforms forPlatforms for Web-Service )Web-Service ) European ISTEuropean IST ProjectProject 1st August1st August 2004,2004, ProjectProject DurationDuration 30 months30 months The main INFRAWEBS project focus and objective is theThe main INFRAWEBS project focus and objective is the development of an application-oriented software toolsetdevelopment of an application-oriented software toolset for creating, maintaining and executing WSMO-basedfor creating, maintaining and executing WSMO-based Semantic Web Services (SWS) within their whole lifeSemantic Web Services (SWS) within their whole life cycle.cycle. 3232 Semantic webSemantic web projectproject ““InterfaceInterface Development forDevelopment for HypermediaHypermedia Applications inApplications in SemanticSemantic Web”Web” Tue, 1 JanTue, 1 Jan 20082008 He couldn't find much relevant information for hisHe couldn't find much relevant information for his project.. :thinking: He needs some help from expertsproject.. :thinking: He needs some help from experts olists.w3.org/Archives/Public/semanticweb/2008Jalists.w3.org/Archives/Public/semanticweb/2008Ja n/0001.htmln/0001.html o
  14. 14. 3333 Project HaloProject Halo projectproject partners at thepartners at the Institute AIFBInstitute AIFB of theof the University ofUniversity of Karlsruhe, andKarlsruhe, and thethe Saarbrücken-Saarbrücken- based Germanbased German ResearchResearch Center forCenter for ArtificialArtificial Intelligence.Intelligence. Seattle-based Vulcan Inc (http://www.vulcan.com) has created theSeattle-based Vulcan Inc (http://www.vulcan.com) has created the long-term research program Project Halolong-term research program Project Halo (http://www.projecthalo.com) to develop a “Digital Aristotle” that(http://www.projecthalo.com) to develop a “Digital Aristotle” that can serve as a comprehensive computer knowledge base andcan serve as a comprehensive computer knowledge base and problem-solving system for the natural sciences. Project Halo isproblem-solving system for the natural sciences. Project Halo is developing technologies for low-cost, highly-scalable modeling ofdeveloping technologies for low-cost, highly-scalable modeling of basic scientific knowledge -- primarily physics, chemistry, andbasic scientific knowledge -- primarily physics, chemistry, and biology at the American AP level -- and developing methods forbiology at the American AP level -- and developing methods for automatically answering sophisticated scientific questions posedautomatically answering sophisticated scientific questions posed in English. www.semanticweb.org/wiki/Project_Haloin English. www.semanticweb.org/wiki/Project_Halo 3434 Cathnet.org ProjectsCathnet.org Projects This is a Catholic Semantic Web implementation project toThis is a Catholic Semantic Web implementation project to provide rich access to theological documents. This is a Catholicprovide rich access to theological documents. This is a Catholic Semantic Web project for users to share, process and collectSemantic Web project for users to share, process and collect Semantic Web information, such as Parish Mass times, youthSemantic Web information, such as Parish Mass times, youth group events and theologically rich interaction.group events and theologically rich interaction. catholicsemanticweb.org/projectscatholicsemanticweb.org/projects Sr.Sr. NoNo .. Projects of SemanticProjects of Semantic WebWeb Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 3535 Muddy Boots projectMuddy Boots project BBCBBC process inprocess in 20072007 The system's main aim is to 'unambiguously identify the main actors in aThe system's main aim is to 'unambiguously identify the main actors in a BBC news story'BBC news story' Once the main actors/entities have been identified in aOnce the main actors/entities have been identified in a story, they need a unique reference to describe them (to ensure that thestory, they need a unique reference to describe them (to ensure that the entities are unambiguous). In the original Muddy Boots projectentities are unambiguous). In the original Muddy Boots project Wikipedia was used as the main data source, in this project DBpedia isWikipedia was used as the main data source, in this project DBpedia is used as it provides an easier query interface, with a richer, semanticallyused as it provides an easier query interface, with a richer, semantically linked dataset.linked dataset. 3636 MindswapMindswap ((Maryland InformationMaryland Information and Network Dynamicsand Network Dynamics Lab Semantic Web AgentsLab Semantic Web Agents Project )Project ) The SemanticThe Semantic Web ResearchWeb Research GroupGroup Semantic Web technology inside the MIND LAB at University ofSemantic Web technology inside the MIND LAB at University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies.Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies. www.mindswap.orgwww.mindswap.org
  15. 15. Sr.Sr. No.No. Projects ofProjects of Semantic WebSemantic Web Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 3737 METEOR-SMETEOR-S The METEOR-S project at the LSDIS Lab, University ofThe METEOR-S project at the LSDIS Lab, University of Georgia aims to extend these standards with Semantic WebGeorgia aims to extend these standards with Semantic Web technologies to achieve greater dynamism andscalability.technologies to achieve greater dynamism andscalability. lsdis.cs.uga.edu/projects/meteor-slsdis.cs.uga.edu/projects/meteor-s 3838 Semantic WebSemantic Web project in the Dellproject in the Dell Social InnovationSocial Innovation CompetitionCompetition 3 Mar 20093 Mar 2009 The objective is to put all this technology into a real and practicalThe objective is to put all this technology into a real and practical social action. Part of this competition is based on votes, so Isocial action. Part of this competition is based on votes, so I would widely appreciate any votes onthis projectwould widely appreciate any votes onthis project lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/semantic-welists.w3.org/Archives/Public/semantic-we web/2009Mar/0026.htmlweb/2009Mar/0026.html 3939 Ensemble ProjectEnsemble Project at Openat Open Repositories 2009Repositories 2009 May 27th, 2009May 27th, 2009 ““The Ensemble Project: Using Fedora to Support theThe Ensemble Project: Using Fedora to Support the Development of the Semantic Web for Education”, she describedDevelopment of the Semantic Web for Education”, she described how the project was using the Fedora Digital Repository andhow the project was using the Fedora Digital Repository and Mulgara Triplestore to allow teachers and learners to gain directMulgara Triplestore to allow teachers and learners to gain direct access to data and incorporate it into teaching and learningaccess to data and incorporate it into teaching and learning applications.applications. www.ensemble.ac.uk/archives/category/semantic-webwww.ensemble.ac.uk/archives/category/semantic-web 4040 MITRE ProjectsMITRE Projects The Web Mashup Scripting Language (WMSL) enables an end-The Web Mashup Scripting Language (WMSL) enables an end- user (you) working from his browser, e.g. not needing any otheruser (you) working from his browser, e.g. not needing any other infrastructure, to quickly write mashups that integrate any two,infrastructure, to quickly write mashups that integrate any two, or more, web services on the Web.or more, web services on the Web. semanticweb.mitre.orgsemanticweb.mitre.org 4141 CNI (ConnectionCNI (Connection NetworkNetwork Intelligence)Intelligence) by IBM Chinaby IBM China Research LabResearch Lab Connection Network Intelligence(CNI) is an innovationConnection Network Intelligence(CNI) is an innovation relationship analysis technology developed, The technology hasrelationship analysis technology developed, The technology has been applied to several Asia stock market to help lenders,been applied to several Asia stock market to help lenders, investors and regulators explore the non-obvious relationshipinvestors and regulators explore the non-obvious relationship between entities on financial market, thus empower them makebetween entities on financial market, thus empower them make better decision.better decision. 4242 CRAFTCRAFT (Collaborative(Collaborative Reasoning andReasoning and AnalysisAnalysis The Collaborative Reasoning and Analysis Framework andThe Collaborative Reasoning and Analysis Framework and Toolkit (CRAFT) is a research prototype aimed at helpingToolkit (CRAFT) is a research prototype aimed at helping analysts as they collect and share information to supportanalysts as they collect and share information to support decisions.decisions.
  16. 16. Sr.Sr. No.No. Projects ofProjects of Semantic WebSemantic Web Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 4343 MARIO (MashupMARIO (Mashup Automation withAutomation with Run-timeRun-time Invocation andInvocation and Orchestration)Orchestration) The aim of the MARIO project is to support varying degrees ofThe aim of the MARIO project is to support varying degrees of manual to automated composition in different kinds of systems. Inmanual to automated composition in different kinds of systems. In particular MARIO focuses on flow-based information processingparticular MARIO focuses on flow-based information processing applications, which are component assemblies arranged in a directedapplications, which are component assemblies arranged in a directed acyclic graph (flow) of black-box components connected by data flowacyclic graph (flow) of black-box components connected by data flow links.links. 4444 MetadataMetadata InteroperabilityInteroperability FrameworkFramework leveragingleveraging Semantic WebSemantic Web Researchers atResearchers at China ResearchChina Research Lab and WatsonLab and Watson Research CenterResearch Center The project,The project, begun in 2008,begun in 2008, Addressing the management and interweaving of diverse kinds of ITAddressing the management and interweaving of diverse kinds of IT Metadata in the Metadata Interoperability Framework.Metadata in the Metadata Interoperability Framework. http://www.alphaworks.ibm.com/tech/wssemhttp://www.alphaworks.ibm.com/tech/wssem 4545 SHER (ScalableSHER (Scalable Highly ExpressiveHighly Expressive Reasoner)Reasoner) SHER is an OWL reasoner that is designed to provide semanticSHER is an OWL reasoner that is designed to provide semantic querying of large relational datasets using OWL ontologies. SHERquerying of large relational datasets using OWL ontologies. SHER (Scalable Highly Expressive Reasoner) is a breakthrough technology(Scalable Highly Expressive Reasoner) is a breakthrough technology that provides ontology analytics (OWL-DL without nominals) overthat provides ontology analytics (OWL-DL without nominals) over highly expressive ontologies.highly expressive ontologies. domino.research.ibm.com/.../semanticweb.Semantic Webdomino.research.ibm.com/.../semanticweb.Semantic Web Projects.htmlProjects.html 4646 The SemanticThe Semantic NaturalistNaturalist 29 May, 200829 May, 2008 The use of macroinvertebrates as biological indicators of water qualityThe use of macroinvertebrates as biological indicators of water quality has a long history , and variants of the biotic index developed byhas a long history , and variants of the biotic index developed by William Beck in the ’50s are currently in wide use in stream and riverWilliam Beck in the ’50s are currently in wide use in stream and river monitoring efforts.monitoring efforts. EPA has an excellent collection of pages describingEPA has an excellent collection of pages describing the nature of the pollution sensitivity of each taxon.the nature of the pollution sensitivity of each taxon. cain.ice.ucdavis.edu/semanticnaturalistcain.ice.ucdavis.edu/semanticnaturalist 4747 Sir Tim Berners-Sir Tim Berners- Lee: Semantic WebLee: Semantic Web is open for businessis open for business Richard Cyganiak maintains an evolving picture of the participants inRichard Cyganiak maintains an evolving picture of the participants in this project, a snapshot of which is reproduced here.Impressive asthis project, a snapshot of which is reproduced here.Impressive as these activities are, if we are to see a similar growth in the availabilitythese activities are, if we are to see a similar growth in the availability of data from less philanthropic sources, there is a clear need forof data from less philanthropic sources, there is a clear need for greater clarity with respect to the ‘proper’ use and reuse of data.greater clarity with respect to the ‘proper’ use and reuse of data. blogs.zdnet.com/semantic-web/?p=105blogs.zdnet.com/semantic-web/?p=105
  17. 17. Sr.Sr. No.No. Projects ofProjects of Semantic WebSemantic Web Sponsored/Sponsored/ DevelopedDeveloped byby Year ofYear of Starting/Starting/ FinishedFinished Aims & ObjectivesAims & Objectives 4848 The SemanticThe Semantic Web, Syllogism,Web, Syllogism, and Worldviewand Worldview publishedpublished November 7, 2003November 7, 2003 An extension of the current web in which information is givenAn extension of the current web in which information is given well-defined meaning, a place where machines can analyze allwell-defined meaning, a place where machines can analyze all the data on the Web, even a Web in which machine reasoningthe data on the Web, even a Web in which machine reasoning will be ubiquitous and devastatingly powerful.will be ubiquitous and devastatingly powerful. www.shirky.com/writings/semantic_syllogism.htmlwww.shirky.com/writings/semantic_syllogism.html 4949 Palo Alto PAWSPalo Alto PAWS March 19, 2007March 19, 2007 Palo AltoPalo Alto SemanticSemantic Web (PAWS)Web (PAWS) GroupGroup Our discussion will include all Semantic Web technologies with aOur discussion will include all Semantic Web technologies with a focus on current projects and potential project and startupfocus on current projects and potential project and startup opportunities.semweb.meetup.com/26opportunities.semweb.meetup.com/26 5050 AKT RelatedAKT Related ProjectsProjects CROSI - Capturing, Representing, and OperationalisingCROSI - Capturing, Representing, and Operationalising Semantic Integration. It aims to overcome these problems bySemantic Integration. It aims to overcome these problems by working on a systematic approach toworking on a systematic approach to semantic integrationsemantic integration whichwhich will enable us to: capture and expose semantics, codify them inwill enable us to: capture and expose semantics, codify them in knowledge representation formats, and operationalise them forknowledge representation formats, and operationalise them for the benefit of integration.http://www.aktors.org/crosithe benefit of integration.http://www.aktors.org/crosi 5151 SemanticWeb.orgSemanticWeb.org Semanticweb.org is the Semantic Web community portal. ItsSemanticweb.org is the Semantic Web community portal. Its objective is to collect and explain tools and techniques, whichobjective is to collect and explain tools and techniques, which will help to create the Semantic Web, and to be a forum forwill help to create the Semantic Web, and to be a forum for people interested in the Semantic Web.http://semanticweb.org/people interested in the Semantic Web.http://semanticweb.org/ 5252 POPSPOPS The POPS project focuses on one subset of the data problem,The POPS project focuses on one subset of the data problem, namely, expertise location.namely, expertise location. 5353 Knowledge WebKnowledge Web EuropeanEuropean CommissionCommission 11stst Jan, 2004Jan, 2004 The mission of KnowledgeWeb is to strengthen the EuropeanThe mission of KnowledgeWeb is to strengthen the European industry and service providers in one of the most importantindustry and service providers in one of the most important areas of current computer technology: Semantic Web enabled E-areas of current computer technology: Semantic Web enabled E- work and E-commerce.work and E-commerce. knowledgeweb.semanticweb.orgknowledgeweb.semanticweb.org
  18. 18. Homepage of DBpediaHomepage of DBpedia
  19. 19. Homepage of FOAFHomepage of FOAF
  20. 20. SIOC initiative (Semantically-SIOC initiative (Semantically- Interlinked Online CommunitiesInterlinked Online Communities
  21. 21. Open GUIDOpen GUID
  22. 22. Simile ProjectSimile Project
  23. 23. Linked DataLinked Data
  24. 24. Semantic MediaWikiSemantic MediaWiki
  25. 25. SWANSWAN
  26. 26. SWADSWAD
  27. 27. DBinDBin
  28. 28. KiwiKiwi
  29. 29. INFRAWEBSINFRAWEBS
  30. 30. HALOHALO
  31. 31. SemanticWeb.orgSemanticWeb.org
  32. 32. Knowledge WebKnowledge Web
  33. 33. ConclusionConclusion •Now, with the advancement of technology,Now, with the advancement of technology, new ideas are developing. The “Semantic Webnew ideas are developing. The “Semantic Web is the one. The Semantic Web is an extension ofis the one. The Semantic Web is an extension of the current Web and is a component of Web 3.0.the current Web and is a component of Web 3.0. It is a web of data. Semantic Web technologiesIt is a web of data. Semantic Web technologies can be used in a variety of application areas.can be used in a variety of application areas. •There are many variety of projects developingThere are many variety of projects developing with the help of Semantic Web which arewith the help of Semantic Web which are explained in the tables with their objectives.explained in the tables with their objectives. These projects plays a exclusive role in theThese projects plays a exclusive role in the information technology world and extendinginformation technology world and extending the web day by day.the web day by day.
  34. 34. References:References: • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_Webhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_Web (Accessed on 22/5/09)(Accessed on 22/5/09) • www.w3.org/2001/sw/ - 59k (Accessed on 22/5/09)www.w3.org/2001/sw/ - 59k (Accessed on 22/5/09) • www.w3.org/2001/sw/ - 59k (Accessed on 29/5/09)www.w3.org/2001/sw/ - 59k (Accessed on 29/5/09) • www.youtube.com (Accessed on 29/5/09)www.youtube.com (Accessed on 29/5/09) • mitworld.mit.edu (Accessed on 29/5/09)mitworld.mit.edu (Accessed on 29/5/09) • http://www.webopedia.com/ (Accessed on 01/6/09)http://www.webopedia.com/ (Accessed on 01/6/09) • infomesh.net/2001/swintro/infomesh.net/2001/swintro/ (Accessed on 01/6/09)(Accessed on 01/6/09)

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