1.2 i o interface

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1.2 i o interface

  1. 1. PORTS AND CONNECTORS<br />Made By : Gagandeep Singh<br />CompTIA A+ Certified <br />
  2. 2. PORTS ON MOTHERBOARD<br /><ul><li>PS/2 PORT
  3. 3. SERIAL PORT
  4. 4. PARALLEL PORT
  5. 5. VGA PORT
  6. 6. DVI PORT
  7. 7. USB PORT
  8. 8. MINI DINS
  9. 9. LAN PORT
  10. 10. MODEM RJ-11 JACK
  11. 11. FIREWIRE PORT</li></ul>TABLE OF CONTENT<br />
  12. 12. <ul><li>Identifying Game Controller Cable Connector.
  13. 13. Identifying External Audio Cable Connector.
  14. 14. Identifying Male/Female Connectors.
  15. 15. Identifying IDE Data Bus.
  16. 16. Identifying SATA Hard Disk Drive Data Bus.
  17. 17. Identifying Floppy Disk Drive Data Bus.</li></ul>TABLE OF CONTENT<br />
  18. 18. PORTS ON MOTHERBOARD<br />
  19. 19. PS/2 PORT<br /><ul><li>Port has 6-pins.
  20. 20. It is a female port.
  21. 21. It require 6-pin male connector.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The mouse is connected with a </li></ul> PS-2 mini-DIN connector.<br /><ul><li> Green is for mouse.
  22. 22. The keyboard is connected with a PS-2 mini-DIN ( Deutschesinstitut Fur Normung) Connector.
  23. 23. Purple is for Keyboard.</li></ul>PS/2 PORT<br />
  24. 24. SERIAL PORT<br /><ul><li>Device is capable of Receiving one bit at a time.
  25. 25. It is a 9 pin male port.</li></li></ul><li>SERIAL PORT CONNECTOR<br /><ul><li>Uses either a 9-pin or 25-pin connector and a cylindrical cable much less susceptible to interference.
  26. 26. Can be up to 25 feet long.
  27. 27. It require 9 pin female connector.
  28. 28. Use to connect External modems and old mouse.
  29. 29. Transfer of data at speeds of 28.8Kbps, 33.6Kbps, 56.6Kbps and 128Kbps and above, they can easily reach the serial port theoretical maximum.</li></li></ul><li>SERIAL PORT<br />
  30. 30. PARALLEL PORT<br /><ul><li>Device is capable of receiving</li></ul> eight bit at a time.<br /><ul><li> It is a 25 pin female port. We require 25 pin male connector.
  31. 31. Port running at about 150Kb/sec.
  32. 32. Dot matrix printers are connected.
  33. 33. Utilize a male DB-25 pin connector on the computer and a male 36-pin Centronics cable at the printer end.
  34. 34. Most cables will be no more than ten feet, to reduce electronic interference along the cable.</li></li></ul><li>Analog<br /> - VGA ( Video Graphics Array)<br /> - DE-15 <br />Digital and analog<br /> - DVI – Digital Video Interface.<br /> - HDMI – High definition Media Interface.<br />Video Port<br />
  35. 35. VGA PORT<br /><ul><li>Used to connect the monitor to the computer.
  36. 36. VGA stands for Video Graphics Array.
  37. 37. VGA offers clean images at higher resolutions.</li></li></ul><li>VGA PORT<br /><ul><li>It is a 15 female port.
  38. 38. It require 15 male </li></ul> connecter.<br /><ul><li> We can connect devices like </li></ul> monitors, projectors.<br />
  39. 39. DVI PORT<br /><ul><li>DVI Stands for Digital Visual Interface.
  40. 40. Provide very high visual quality on</li></ul> digital display devices.<br /><ul><li> LCD computer displays and</li></ul> digital projectors.<br />
  41. 41. DVI PORT<br /><ul><li>It has 24 female pins.
  42. 42. It require 24 pin male connector.</li></li></ul><li>USB PORT<br /><ul><li>A protocol for transferring data to</li></ul> and from digital devices.<br /><ul><li> USB stands for Universal Serial Bus.
  43. 43. A single USB port can be used to </li></ul> connect up to 127 peripheral<br /> devices.<br /><ul><li> It has three versions of USB.</li></ul>VersionSpeed<br /> USB 1.0 1.5 MBPS<br /> USB 1.1 12 MBPS<br /> USB 2.0 480 MBPS<br /> USB 3.0 4.8 GBPS (latest)<br />
  44. 44. USB PINS<br />
  45. 45. DEVICES FOR USB<br />
  46. 46. MINI- DINS<br /><ul><li>Audio connectors are used to affix</li></ul> cables to other audio equipment.<br /><ul><li> Connector includes 3.5mm TRS (tip/
  47. 47. ring/sleeve ) plugs that can be inserted into a socket.
  48. 48. This setup is used for audio, </li></ul> microphone and auxiliary output.<br />
  49. 49. LAN PORT<br /><ul><li> This port is for LAN connection.
  50. 50. It has 8 pins.
  51. 51. Ethernet uses a bus and supports </li></ul> data transfer rates of 10 Mbps.<br /><ul><li> Connector RJ45 is used.</li></li></ul><li>MODEM RJ-11 JACK<br /><ul><li>Short for Registered Jack-11.
  52. 52. A four-wire connector used </li></ul> to connect telephone.<br /><ul><li> RJ-11 connectors are also used to</li></ul> connect local-area networks (LANs).<br /><ul><li> RJ-11 is used for dial up connection.</li></li></ul><li>FIREWIRE PORT<br /><ul><li>A type of cabling technology for</li></ul> transferring data to and from <br /> digital devices at high speed.<br /><ul><li> Also known as IEEE 1394/ILink. It is trademark of Apple as Firewire.
  53. 53. IEEE 1394 a devices are running</li></ul> on 100,200, 400 Mb/s. (6 pins) , half-duplex. <br /><ul><li>IEEE 1394 b devices are running</li></ul> on 600-800 Mb/s. (9 pins) , full-duplex<br />
  54. 54. 6 Circuit ( Powered )<br />4 Circuit (Unpowered) <br />Firewire <br />
  55. 55. FIREWIRE PORT<br />
  56. 56. <ul><li>Digital cameras and memory card readers connect to the computer over FireWire.
  57. 57. Digital audio and video devices, external hard drives, high-performance DVD burners.</li></li></ul><li>High-Definition Multimedia Interface<br />It is a compact audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed digital data.<br />HDMI connects digital audio/video sources (such as set-top boxes, upconvert DVD players, HD DVDplayers, Blu-ray Disc players , camcorders , personal computers (PCs),video game consoles such as the PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, and AV receivers) to compatible digital audio devices, computer monitors, video projectors, and digital televisions.<br />HDMI <br />
  58. 58. HDMI<br />
  59. 59. Identifying Game Controller Cable Connector<br />
  60. 60. Identifying Male/Female Connectors <br />A Male Connector<br />A Female Connector<br />
  61. 61. Q1. Which interface allows the transfer for video and audio ?<br />Answer 1. HDMI.<br />QA<br />
  62. 62. Q2. Which of the following hardware is hot pluggable? (Select THREE).<br />A. eSATA<br />B. Express Card/54<br />C. PS/2 peripherals<br />D. MIDI devices<br />E. NIC<br />F. USB<br />Answer: ABF<br />QA<br />

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