1.2 chipset

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1.2 chipset

  1. 1. A+ Hardware<br />Section 1.2 Chipset<br />Made By : Gagandeep Singh<br />
  2. 2. What you learn today<br />CompTIA A+ 220-701 , Section 1.2,<br />Explain motherboard components, types and features.<br />Chipsets<br />
  3. 3. Motherboard/System Board<br />Everything begin and end on the motherboard.<br />It’s a mobo, dude.<br />Standard Sizes.<br />Constant Changes<br /> - Chipsets<br /> - Bus Speeds<br /> - Cooling Methods<br />
  4. 4. Chipsets<br />Several chip put together is Chipset.<br />
  5. 5. Intel Pentium D Processor<br />
  6. 6. LPC, FWH and SPI<br />These terms are used on PC/x86 motherboards.LPC = low pin count interface (basically replaced the legacy ISA bus stuff)FWH = firmware hub (a chip/hub used to store the BIOS codes)SPI = serial flash chip using the SPI bus/interface (basically a FWH with less pins)Answers to your questions...1. LPC is usually part of the south bridge or ICH (I/O control hub), and the FWH and SPI are related to the BIOS ROM.2. We use these terms/alphabets when discussing the BIOS, hubs/chips or busses related to an x86 motherboard.3. LPC is a bus (or a port) that other circuits/chips can connect to on a motherboard. For example the PS/2 type keyboard & mouse ports (along with a few other I/O functions) are connected to an LPC-type chip which connects to the LPC port on the ICH. FWH are SPI are typically thought of as chips (some insist it's a hub). This is used to store the BIOS firmware/codes. For example, the Phoenix/Award BIOS or AMI BIOS (or other equivalent BIOS) codes are stored in this FWH or SPI serial chip.<br />
  7. 7. Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition<br />
  8. 8. Intel Core 2 DUO and QUAD Processor<br />
  9. 9. Northbridge Controller Hub<br />Connects the CPU to memory and high speed graphic card.<br />Modern Computer include cooling options:<br /> - Heat sink<br /> - Fans<br />
  10. 10. Manages Connections<br /> - PCI interface slots<br /> - Other Peripheral (USB, Ethernet, IDE etc).<br />Onboard graphics controller.<br />BIOS<br /> Southbridge Controller Hub<br />
  11. 11. Identifying Components<br />Every Chip have Identifier.<br /> - Google is your friend.<br /> - “intel gd82559”.<br /> - Intel Network controller.<br />Many components are associated with surrounding components or interface.<br /> - COM2:<br />Serial controller.<br /> - SCSI interface <br />Buffer memory<br />

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