Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3
Digital Humanities Laboratory
Frederic Kaplan
frederic.kaplan@epfl.ch
Who create the framapad today ?
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 2
o
Semester 1 : Content of each course
•19.09 Introduction to the course / Live Tweeting and Collective note taking
•25.09 In...
Semester 1 : Content of each course
•6.11 Semantic modelling / RDF
•13.11 Historical Geographical Information Systems / De...
Structure of today's course
•A short introduction to Zotero
•A long introduction to the Venice Time Machine
•Why do we nee...
Zotero
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 6
o
From Wikipedia
•Zotero is free and open-source reference
management software to manage
bibliographic data and related rese...
From Wikipedia
•On many websites such as library
catalogs, PubMed, Google Scholar,
Google Books, Amazon.com, Wikipedia,
an...
From Wikipedia
•Zotero users can generate citations and
bibliographies through word processor
plugins, or directly in Zote...
From Wikipedia
•In 2008, Thomson Reuters sued the
Commonwealth of Virginia and George
Mason University, based on the claim...
Ex : Create a new entry in Zotero
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 11
o
Introduction to the Venice Time Machine
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 12
o
(1) Panoramic intensification
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 13
o
1878
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o
1889
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o
1896
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 16
o
1900
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 17
o
1931
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 18
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 19
o
1954
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 20
o
1972
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 21
o
2005
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 22
o
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o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 24
o
2011
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 25
o
2012
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 26
o
1956
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 27
o
The narrative crisis
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 28
o
1991
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 29
o
http ://arturo.over-blog.com/
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 30
o
The narrative crisis
•20th century culture was built on
narration. Ex :
• War is not a crisis but a path towards liberatio...
The narrative crisis
•Narration has become more complex
over time.
•TV series are much more complex than
before.
•This has...
Infinite stories
•A transformation of story arcs
•ex 1 : Grey’s anatomy and the
neverending story.
•ex 2 : World of Warcra...
Time as a variable
•ex 1 : CSI and spatiotemporal puzzles
•ex 2 : Lost and multiple temporal
threads
•ex 3 : Heroes and ti...
How can the past be more present ?
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 35
o
1896
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 36
o
1896 : Relief Magnin
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 37
o
Can we add a slider on Google maps ?
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 38
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 39
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 40
o
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o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 44
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Garzoni project / Valentina Sapienza et. al.
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 45
o
Garzoni project / Valentina Sapienza et. al.
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 46
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 47
o
1500
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 48
o
1550
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 49
o
1572
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 50
o
1576
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 51
o
1765
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 52
o
1829
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 53
o
1859
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 54
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1910
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 55
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1008
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 56
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808
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Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 69
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Visualizing Venice / Academia / Svalduz, di Lenardo et al
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 70
o
Visualizing Venice / Academia / Svalduz, di Lenardo et al
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 71
o
900
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 72
o
1000
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 73
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1100
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1200
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1300
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1400
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 77
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1500
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 78
o
Doris Stockly
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 79
o
incanti.dhlab.ch
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 80
o
Multidimensional case studies
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 81
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 82
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 83
o
The central scientific challenge of the project is
qualifying, quantifying and representing uncertainty and
inconsistency a...
How can we detect and correct inconsistencies ? How can
we represent uncertainty ?
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Co...
(1) Such kind of projects needs an ethics of
representation. An ethics of representation imposes a
certain level of formal...
(2) Aligning different data sets also imposes an additional
level of formalism. There is a need for semantic
framework cap...
(3) Eventually, with simulation, algorithms tend to play a
bigger role in historical debates.
Digital Humanities 101 - 201...
These three evolutions create a shift in historical
practices, introducing algorithms as new mediators.
Digital Humanities...
How should we communicate this new research to a large
audience ? Venice with its 30 million visitors / year is one
of the...
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 91
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 92
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 93
o
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 94
o
What about a Facebook of the past ?
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 95
o
Is research in the Humanities about to undergo an
evolution similar to what happened to life sciences 30
years ago ?
Digit...
This evolution is characterized by projects at a new scale,
beyond what any single research team can do.
Digital Humanitie...
We need to foster a new generation of Digital Humanists
ready for this shift.
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course ...
These students will not only benefit from such large scale
projects, they will play an active role for their success.
Digit...
frederic.kaplan@epfl.ch / dhlab.epfl.ch
Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 100
o
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DH101 2013/2014 course 3 - Panoramic intensifcation, narrative crise and introduction to the Venice Time Machine

  1. 1. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 Digital Humanities Laboratory Frederic Kaplan frederic.kaplan@epfl.ch
  2. 2. Who create the framapad today ? Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 2 o
  3. 3. Semester 1 : Content of each course •19.09 Introduction to the course / Live Tweeting and Collective note taking •25.09 Introduction to Digital Humanities / Wordpress / First assignment •2.10 Introduction to the Venice Time Machine project / Zotero •9.10 No course •16.10 Logistics of massive digitization / Digitization techniques / Photogrammetry / Deadline first assignment •23.10 Transcription / XML / Presentation of projects •30.10 Pattern recognition / OCR / Deadline peer-reviewing of first assignment Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 3 o
  4. 4. Semester 1 : Content of each course •6.11 Semantic modelling / RDF •13.11 Historical Geographical Information Systems / Deadline Project selection •20.11 Procedural modelling / City Engine •27.11 Crowdsourcing / Wikipedia •4.12 Group work on the projects •11.12 New narrations and museographic experiences / Deadline Projet blog •18.12 Oral exam / Presentation of projects Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 4 o
  5. 5. Structure of today's course •A short introduction to Zotero •A long introduction to the Venice Time Machine •Why do we need a Venice Time Machine ? Because we are living in a Big Now • Panoramic intensification • Narrative crisis •What is the Venice Time Machine ? • The idea • The spinal cord • The multidimensional case studies •What are the consequences of the Venice Time Machine • Algorithms as mediators • A new scale Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 5 o
  6. 6. Zotero Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 6 o
  7. 7. From Wikipedia •Zotero is free and open-source reference management software to manage bibliographic data and related research materials. •The name Zotero is loosely derived from an Albanian verb meaning to master. •Zotero was developed by Center for History and New Media (CHNM) at George Mason University (GMU) Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 7 o
  8. 8. From Wikipedia •On many websites such as library catalogs, PubMed, Google Scholar, Google Books, Amazon.com, Wikipedia, and publisher’s websites, Zotero shows an icon when a book, article, or other resource is being viewed. By clicking this icon, the full reference information can be saved to the Zotero library. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 8 o
  9. 9. From Wikipedia •Zotero users can generate citations and bibliographies through word processor plugins, or directly in Zotero, using Citation Style Language styles. Zotero allows users to create their own customized citation style. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 9 o
  10. 10. From Wikipedia •In 2008, Thomson Reuters sued the Commonwealth of Virginia and George Mason University, based on the claim that Zotero’s developers had, in violation of the EndNote EULA, reverse-engineered EndNote and provided Zotero with the ability to convert EndNote’s proprietary .ens styles into Citation Style Language styles Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 10 o
  11. 11. Ex : Create a new entry in Zotero Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 11 o
  12. 12. Introduction to the Venice Time Machine Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 12 o
  13. 13. (1) Panoramic intensification Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 13 o
  14. 14. 1878 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 14 o
  15. 15. 1889 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 15 o
  16. 16. 1896 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 16 o
  17. 17. 1900 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 17 o
  18. 18. 1931 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 18 o
  19. 19. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 19 o
  20. 20. 1954 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 20 o
  21. 21. 1972 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 21 o
  22. 22. 2005 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 22 o
  23. 23. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 23 o
  24. 24. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 24 o
  25. 25. 2011 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 25 o
  26. 26. 2012 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 26 o
  27. 27. 1956 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 27 o
  28. 28. The narrative crisis Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 28 o
  29. 29. 1991 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 29 o
  30. 30. http ://arturo.over-blog.com/ Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 30 o
  31. 31. The narrative crisis •20th century culture was built on narration. Ex : • War is not a crisis but a path towards liberation • Democraty is not a mode of governance it is force to free humanity • Apple does not sell computer and phones, it the story of two men with a vision : Giving power to the creative people •the Y2K millenium bug was the last great narration. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 31 o
  32. 32. The narrative crisis •Narration has become more complex over time. •TV series are much more complex than before. •This has been measure by a group of DH101 student last year Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 32 o
  33. 33. Infinite stories •A transformation of story arcs •ex 1 : Grey’s anatomy and the neverending story. •ex 2 : World of Warcraft and personalized narration Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 33 o
  34. 34. Time as a variable •ex 1 : CSI and spatiotemporal puzzles •ex 2 : Lost and multiple temporal threads •ex 3 : Heroes and time as a narrative variable •Infinite stories in four dimensions Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 34 o
  35. 35. How can the past be more present ? Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 35 o
  36. 36. 1896 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 36 o
  37. 37. 1896 : Relief Magnin Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 37 o
  38. 38. Can we add a slider on Google maps ? Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 38 o
  39. 39. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 39 o
  40. 40. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 40 o
  41. 41. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 41 o
  42. 42. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 42 o
  43. 43. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 43 o
  44. 44. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 44 o
  45. 45. Garzoni project / Valentina Sapienza et. al. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 45 o
  46. 46. Garzoni project / Valentina Sapienza et. al. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 46 o
  47. 47. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 47 o
  48. 48. 1500 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 48 o
  49. 49. 1550 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 49 o
  50. 50. 1572 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 50 o
  51. 51. 1576 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 51 o
  52. 52. 1765 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 52 o
  53. 53. 1829 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 53 o
  54. 54. 1859 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 54 o
  55. 55. 1910 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 55 o
  56. 56. 1008 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 56 o
  57. 57. 808 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 57 o
  58. 58. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 58 o
  59. 59. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 59 o
  60. 60. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 60 o
  61. 61. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 61 o
  62. 62. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 62 o
  63. 63. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 63 o
  64. 64. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 64 o
  65. 65. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 65 o
  66. 66. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 66 o
  67. 67. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 67 o
  68. 68. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 68 o
  69. 69. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 69 o
  70. 70. Visualizing Venice / Academia / Svalduz, di Lenardo et al Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 70 o
  71. 71. Visualizing Venice / Academia / Svalduz, di Lenardo et al Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 71 o
  72. 72. 900 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 72 o
  73. 73. 1000 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 73 o
  74. 74. 1100 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 74 o
  75. 75. 1200 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 75 o
  76. 76. 1300 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 76 o
  77. 77. 1400 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 77 o
  78. 78. 1500 Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 78 o
  79. 79. Doris Stockly Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 79 o
  80. 80. incanti.dhlab.ch Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 80 o
  81. 81. Multidimensional case studies Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 81 o
  82. 82. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 82 o
  83. 83. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 83 o
  84. 84. The central scientific challenge of the project is qualifying, quantifying and representing uncertainty and inconsistency at each step of this process. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 84 o
  85. 85. How can we detect and correct inconsistencies ? How can we represent uncertainty ? Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 85 o
  86. 86. (1) Such kind of projects needs an ethics of representation. An ethics of representation imposes a certain level of formalism. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 86 o
  87. 87. (2) Aligning different data sets also imposes an additional level of formalism. There is a need for semantic framework capable of coding historical information and meta-historical information. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 87 o
  88. 88. (3) Eventually, with simulation, algorithms tend to play a bigger role in historical debates. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 88 o
  89. 89. These three evolutions create a shift in historical practices, introducing algorithms as new mediators. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 89 o
  90. 90. How should we communicate this new research to a large audience ? Venice with its 30 million visitors / year is one of the best place to imagine the museum of the future. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 90 o
  91. 91. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 91 o
  92. 92. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 92 o
  93. 93. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 93 o
  94. 94. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 94 o
  95. 95. What about a Facebook of the past ? Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 95 o
  96. 96. Is research in the Humanities about to undergo an evolution similar to what happened to life sciences 30 years ago ? Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 96 o
  97. 97. This evolution is characterized by projects at a new scale, beyond what any single research team can do. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 97 o
  98. 98. We need to foster a new generation of Digital Humanists ready for this shift. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 98 o
  99. 99. These students will not only benefit from such large scale projects, they will play an active role for their success. Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 99 o
  100. 100. frederic.kaplan@epfl.ch / dhlab.epfl.ch Digital Humanities 101 - 2013/2014 - Course 3 | 2013 100 o

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