Environmental Conflict Analysis: the Ecological Economics Approach

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Monday 4/7/2011 Giorgos Kallis (ICTA-UAB). Environmental Conflict Analysis: the Ecological Economics Approach.

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Environmental Conflict Analysis: the Ecological Economics Approach

  1. 1. Giorgos Kallis, ICREA Professor Environmental Conflict Analysis The approach of Ecological Economics 2 nd International Summer School on Environmental Conflicts and Justice 4 July 2011. Barcelona, Spain Institute of Environmental Science and Technology Autonomous University of Barcelona
  2. 2. Introduce to you the distinctive analytical approach to environmental conflicts that we follow here in Barcelona and by comparison, orient you to the different approaches that will be covered in this School.
  3. 4. <ul><li>Make explicit (ex-post) the analytical and methodological approach. </li></ul>Aim of this presentation
  4. 5. <ul><li>Brief introduction to Ecological Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Main features of EE approach to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with other approaches to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Research directions </li></ul>Outline
  5. 6. <ul><li>Brief introduction to Ecological Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Main features of EE approach to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with other approaches to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Research directions </li></ul>Outline
  6. 7. (Social) Ecological Economics
  7. 8. <ul><li>Brief introduction to Ecological Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Main features of EE approach to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with other approaches to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Research directions </li></ul>Outline
  8. 9. Main features
  9. 10. Unit of analysis Canadian-owned copper mine in Mirador, Ecuador
  10. 11. Vocabulary
  11. 12. Explanation of conflict <ul><li>Growth  => Global metabolism  => Extraction at frontiers  => </li></ul><ul><li>Injustice  => Popular movements of resistance  => CONFLICT </li></ul>
  12. 13. Analytics Seeing a social decision outcome as a multi-criteria process where power and institutions decide the relevant “weights” of values/criteria
  13. 14. Methods
  14. 15. Normative/epistemological position
  15. 16. Vedanta vs. the villagers
  16. 17. <ul><li>Brief introduction to Ecological Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Main features of EE approach to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with other approaches to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Research directions </li></ul>Outline
  17. 18. Political Ecology
  18. 19. Conflict and peace studies
  19. 20. Comparison BCN OSLO MCH Unit of analysis Conflict Countries Territories - communities Scale Local (Inter)National Multi-scale Conflict intensity Low to medium Violent All (incl. silenced) Conflict type Extraction, plantations, infrastructures, waste Climate variation, water Land-use, cities, commodification, water, energy and minerals Causes Social metabolism Injustice Multiple Underdevelopment & Poor governance Capitalism Exploitation (Post)colonization Method/sources Case-studies Action research National regressions Case-studies Discourse analysis Seeing like: Protesters Western scientists Working class the Marginalized Theory Ecological Economics International studies Marxism Post-structuralism View of conflict Productive Bad Good Response Environmental Justice Degrowth Development Liberal Democracy Revolution Real democracy
  20. 21. <ul><li>Brief introduction to Ecological Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Main features of EE approach to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with other approaches to environmental conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Research directions </li></ul>Outline
  21. 22. Research directions
  22. 23. Thank you! [email_address]

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