Farming

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Farming

  1. 1. <ul><li>A system is something that takes inputs and processes (or changes) them into useful products (or outputs ) </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Orange Juice Production </li></ul><ul><li>Input: Orange </li></ul><ul><li>Process: Squeezing the orange </li></ul><ul><li>Output: Orange Juice </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Farming is an example of a primary economic activity </li></ul><ul><li>-Why is this? </li></ul><ul><li>There are many types of farming which produce different types of produce. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of any? </li></ul>
  4. 5. INPUTS Inputs are: Physical (climate, relief, soil) or Human (money,machines, labour) PROCESSES Ploughing Planting Weed & Pest Control Harvesting Silage/Grazing Shearing Milking
  5. 6. OUTPUTS Outputs are: Crops or Animal Rearing and / or Products PROCESSES Ploughing Planting Weed & Pest Control Harvesting Silage/Grazing Shearing Milking
  6. 7. <ul><li>Arable </li></ul><ul><li>Growing and harvesting of crops </li></ul>Pastoral Specialise in rearing of animals Mixed Both pastoral and arable farming
  7. 8. Arable, pastoral or mixed?
  8. 12. <ul><li>In subsistence farming the produce is consumed by the farmer and his family. Any surplus is usually used to buy other goods. </li></ul><ul><li>In Commercial farming, the majority of the produce is sold to make a profit. </li></ul>

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