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<ul><li>Peat is a non-renewable resource which is found in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>About 5% of Ireland is covered by pe...
 
 
<ul><li>Blanket bogs are found mainly in the western counties in Ireland.  </li></ul><ul><li>They are shallow bogs. </li><...
<ul><li>Raised Bogs occur mainly in the central plain of Ireland.  </li></ul><ul><li>They are very deep bogs. </li></ul><u...
Think Time
 
<ul><li>Bord na Mona, the company which exploits peat in Ireland uses many large machines. </li></ul><ul><li>A  ditcher  i...
<ul><li>1 .  A Grader : A machine like a bulldozer used to level the surface of bog. </li></ul><ul><li>2 .  A Miller : A m...
<ul><li>Peat is exploited in 4 phases . </li></ul>
<ul><li>The bogs are drained of all the excess water </li></ul><ul><li>Most bogs are made up of 95% water content </li></u...
 
<ul><li>Most peat is harvested as  milled peat </li></ul><ul><li>MiIled peat is then gathered into small ridges by  ridger...
<ul><li>Turf trains are used to carry large quantities of peat to power stations and briquette factories </li></ul>
<ul><li>Milled peat- used to generate electricity at ESB  </li></ul><ul><li>Moss peat – can be used as a soil conditioner ...
<ul><li>Q. Peat is mainly used for…? </li></ul><ul><li>Q. Why is it convenient for Ireland to use peat to generate electri...
<ul><li>Q. What % of Ireland’s electricity was made from peat in 1978? </li></ul><ul><li>Q. What % of Ireland’s electricit...
<ul><li>Bord na Mona is the name of the company which exploits peat in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>Peat is very important t...
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Peat

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Peat

  1. 1. <ul><li>Peat is a non-renewable resource which is found in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>About 5% of Ireland is covered by peat </li></ul><ul><li>Peat is cut from bogs, either blanket bogs or raised bogs. </li></ul><ul><li>Peat or ‘turf’ is used for heating and cooking in the home </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Blanket bogs are found mainly in the western counties in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>They are shallow bogs. </li></ul><ul><li>Their average depth is 2.6 metres. </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Raised Bogs occur mainly in the central plain of Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>They are very deep bogs. </li></ul><ul><li>Their depth can be over 10 metres. </li></ul>
  4. 6. Think Time
  5. 8. <ul><li>Bord na Mona, the company which exploits peat in Ireland uses many large machines. </li></ul><ul><li>A ditcher is a machine used to drain the bog. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think this machine doesn’t sink into the bog? </li></ul><ul><li>How long do you think it takes to drain the bog? </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>1 . A Grader : A machine like a bulldozer used to level the surface of bog. </li></ul><ul><li>2 . A Miller : A machine used to scrape peat from the surface of the bog. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Peat is exploited in 4 phases . </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>The bogs are drained of all the excess water </li></ul><ul><li>Most bogs are made up of 95% water content </li></ul><ul><li>This is the most difficult process of all the phases </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Most peat is harvested as milled peat </li></ul><ul><li>MiIled peat is then gathered into small ridges by ridgers and later into larger ridges by harvesters </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Turf trains are used to carry large quantities of peat to power stations and briquette factories </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Milled peat- used to generate electricity at ESB </li></ul><ul><li>Moss peat – can be used as a soil conditioner </li></ul><ul><li>Sod peat- sold as household fuel in areas near the boglands </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>Q. Peat is mainly used for…? </li></ul><ul><li>Q. Why is it convenient for Ireland to use peat to generate electricity? </li></ul><ul><li>Q. What else is peat used for? </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>Q. What % of Ireland’s electricity was made from peat in 1978? </li></ul><ul><li>Q. What % of Ireland’s electricity was made from peat in 2002? </li></ul><ul><li>Q. List two forms of electricity production which have increased since 1978. </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>Bord na Mona is the name of the company which exploits peat in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>Peat is very important to our economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Bord na Mona employs 2000 people. Many of these jobs are in regions where job creation is difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>Peat is used to generate electricity. </li></ul><ul><li>Peat is exported to other EU countries. </li></ul>

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