Oil

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Oil

  1. 1. The North makes up only 25% of the human family yet we consume 85% of the worlds energy
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why do you think developed countries use more energy than non-developed countries? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Renewable energy can be used repeatedly without being used up. These are also called Non-finite energies </li></ul><ul><li>Non-renewable energy is energy that will eventually be used up. These are also called finite energies. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Can you think of any examples of non-finite and finite energy resources? </li></ul><ul><li>(if you don’t remember what finite and non-finite resources are, look in your books in the chapter on Oil) </li></ul><ul><li>The next slide has some pictures of these </li></ul>
  5. 7. The countries in the darkest colours use the most oil. Can you name some of these countries?
  6. 8. <ul><li>What ways do we use oil as an energy source? </li></ul>
  7. 9. The countries coloured in orange have oil underneath the ground /sea
  8. 10. The Persian Gulf include the states of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, The UAE
  9. 11. <ul><li>Which country in the world produces the most oil? </li></ul><ul><li>Which country in the world uses the most oil? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how an oil discovery in a country can be a positive thing. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how an oil discovery in a country can be a negative thing. </li></ul><ul><li>Name a country where oil has had a positive effect and one where oil has had a negative effect. </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>The price of oil can go up and down depending on demand. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Saudi Arabia produces ¼ of the world’s crude oil </li></ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia produces more oil than any other country in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the 1930’s Saudi Arabia has changed from a country where most people lived in the desert to one of the wealthiest countries in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil will eventually run out in Saudi Arabia as it is a FINITE energy resource </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that the country develops other aspects of it’s economy </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Large deposits of oil may exist under the seabed around our coastline </li></ul><ul><li>The largest deposits have been found in the Kinsale Head Gas Field </li></ul><ul><li>Gas from Kinsale has been used to supply gas to Dublin and other cities. </li></ul><ul><li>Gas has also been discovered in the Corrib Gas Field. </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Can you think of any disadvantages of having oil/gas deposits in Ireland? </li></ul>
  14. 16. Oil spillages Global Warming
  15. 17. <ul><li>1. Sea areas are divided into blocks </li></ul><ul><li>2. Companies (multinational companies) then rent these blocks </li></ul><ul><li>3. Rock studies are carried out to test for oil and gas </li></ul><ul><li>4. Test holes are drilled to see how much oil is there </li></ul><ul><li>5. Oil is then drilled and brought ashore through a pipeline. </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Untreated gas is much more likely to explode than treated gas. Cleaning the gas at sea would be safer </li></ul><ul><li>The pipeline is safe because it is thick and strong </li></ul><ul><li>The gas can provide energy for our homes and schools </li></ul><ul><li>It will provide jobs </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>Cleaning the gas at sea is expensive! </li></ul><ul><li>Untreated gas will contain particles of sand that could damage the pipeline </li></ul><ul><li>The pipeline would be close to people’s homes </li></ul>

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