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School site development plan.ppt

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Guide to planning the layout of school physical plant.

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School site development plan.ppt

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY: EDGARDO V. ABANIL OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SCHOOLS DIVISION SUPERINTENDENT SCHOOL SITE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 1
  2. 2. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 2 1. Definition of school site development 3. School site zoning 2. Principles of site development OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
  3. 3. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 3 A graphic presentation of the Site Development Program is referred to as Site Development Plan. Main function to show the school site in its present status and the current program period. an exercise in the layout of infrastructure
  4. 4. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 4 a. all physical structures with similar functions are grouped together.  in accordance with the most favorable options for grounds utilization which creates functional zones and sets the basic pattern for physical development. the site is subdivided, allocating well- defined portions for specific purposes. PRINCIPLES OF SITE DEVELOPMENT
  5. 5. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 5 b. The layout of the buildings and other structures, is critical in preparing the Site Development Plan.  School buildings shall be oriented in accordance with the sun path or the east-west course of the sun during the day. Variations in the sun path on certain season of the year are negligible.
  6. 6. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 6 To prevent the direct entry of sunlight into the instructional spaces, buildings shall be laid out along the east-west axis so that the windows have a north-south exposure.
  7. 7. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 7 c. Buildings shall be arranged to facilitate cross ventilation by exposing the window sides to the direction of prevailing breezes which is generally northeast-southeast.  the east-west orientation is sufficient inasmuch as it allows adequate cross-ventilation.
  8. 8. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 8 N S W E IDEAL BUILDING ORIENTATION TO CATCH THE PREVAILING BREEZES IDEAL BUILDING ORIENTATION
  9. 9. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 9  d. When site limitations, such as the unfavorable areas and/or shape of the site, prevent the proper solar orientation of buildings, economical alternatives shall be resorted to.  example, trees near the buildings are effective for minimizing the direct entry of sunlight into instructional spaces.
  10. 10. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 10 e. The distances between buildings shall be such that ventilation is not obstructed, natural illumination is not impeded and sound does not carry into nearby buildings.  minimum distance between buildings laid outside is eight (8) meters.
  11. 11. SCHO0OL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 11 f. The recommended setback of the school from the street line is five (5) meters to sufficiently reduce intrusive noise.
  12. 12. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 12 SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING Purpose  to anticipate the future needs and development of a school in terms of physical facilities  to contribute towards conducive teaching-learning environment.
  13. 13. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 13 A school site development plan shows the following improvements:
  14. 14. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 14 Improvements of school buildings including the position of existing and proposed buildings Proposed structures in broken lines Existing structures in solid lines
  15. 15. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 15 Arrangement of circulation elements, and Utilization of open areas.
  16. 16. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 16 Site development must be  flexible enough to allow modification according to the needs of the times.
  17. 17. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 17 However, modifications shall adhere to the basic pattern of development.
  18. 18. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 18 PREPARATION OF A SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN a. The plan shall be drawn on a tracing paper measuring 500mm x 750mm. Any white sheet of paper may temporarily be used.
  19. 19. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 19 • b. It shall be drawn to scale as follows: •1:500 for sites of two (2) hectares or less, and • 1:1000 for sites of more than one hectare.
  20. 20. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 20 c. The following technical description shall be indicated on the plan: c.1 Bearings of the property line c.2 Distances between corners c.3 Boundaries of the lot
  21. 21. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 21 The plan shall show: d.1 The direction of the North d.2 Relative position of existing features in the site such as creeks, large trees, etc. which shall be allowed to remain.
  22. 22. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 22 d.3 The relative positions and description of existing buildings and structures d.4 Relative position of existing circulation elements and hazardous areas. Open spaces as temporary evacuation sites.
  23. 23. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 23 d.5 Contour lines if possible. d.6 The present and future needs of the school in terms of school buildings/classrooms.
  24. 24. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 24 e. Existing structures such as buildings, walls, playground, etc. shall be clearly shown in solid lines and the proposed structures drawn in broken lines.
  25. 25. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 25 f. At the bottom of the plan is the title block bearing the following information: f.1 Name and address of the school f.2 The official who prepared the plan
  26. 26. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 26 f.3 Names and signatures of the recommending and approving officials f.4 Date of preparation
  27. 27. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 27 The plan shall be prepared in 2-3 copies
  28. 28. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 28 copy to be retained in the school, copy to be filed in the district (in the case of elementary school), and one copy to be filed in the division office.
  29. 29. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 29 In the event of change of school administrators, the approved plan on file in the school shall be included in the turnover of school property between the outgoing and the incoming school administrators
  30. 30. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 30 PLOTTING THE SCHOOL SITE In plotting the school site for its development plan, the following are required:
  31. 31. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 31 •Technical descriptions of the lot per survey/title •Protractor and ruler •Tracing paper
  32. 32. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 32 Plot the approximate location of the bearings/technical descriptions of the lot using the protractor and ruler as identified correspondingly per corner, to wit:
  33. 33. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 33 N E S W 1 Step 1 – Start with property line 1-2. Draw a horizontal axis with its center being marked corner 1.
  34. 34. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 34 N EW Step 2 – Taking into consideration the position of the North and the South, position the midpoint of the protractor on the point of intersection of North-South axis and the West-East axis then plot the angle and direction of the bearing from corner 1 to corner 2. S 1 2
  35. 35. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 35
  36. 36. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 36 Step 4 – To plot property line 2-3 the same procedure is followed in plotting corners 2-3 and the rest of the corners until plotting closes.
  37. 37. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 37 Step 5 – Plot as scaled existing structures and important amenities using solid lines and proposed structures using broken lines.
  38. 38. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 38
  39. 39. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 39 No changes in, or deviation from the plan as originally approved shall be made without the approval of the schools division superintendent.
  40. 40. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 40 SCHOOL SITE ZONING School site zoning is apportioning the different areas or zones of which is designed for a specific purpose or utilization in accordance with the educational needs of the school. An important principle in zoning is to create the proper visual, physical and functional zones, as follows:
  41. 41. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 41 a.1 Visual zone – the area which best projects the aesthetic appearance of the school. a.1 Lawns – Usually located in the front area of the school. Lawns shall be graded, landscaped, and drained. They shall be sodded and planted with low-growing border plants and ornamental shrubs to give maximum visual effect. Fruit bearing trees are discouraged to be planted in the side or front of the school building as this may cause distractions and accidents to the school populace.
  42. 42. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 42 a.2 Flower gardens The intervening spaces between the main building and the home economics building on one side and the shop building on the other side may be developed into flower gardens. A decorative mini fence of wood or bamboo, or low hedge, may be put up around the flower gardens for protection as well as for better visual effect. Flower gardens shall not be merely decorative; they shall be utilized in connection with lessons in science, home economics, and other school subjects.
  43. 43. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 43 a.3 Flowerbeds – The space around the building maybe made into flowerbeds for further visual effect. It may be bordered by a very low, decorative mini-picket of wood or bamboo. Only low growing ornamental plants shall be planted in the flower beds. a.4 Assembly area – Adequate space immediately in front of the main building shall be allocated as assembly area for the entire school population. It is where the whole school population assembles for flag ceremonies, school convocations, or programs, etc. The ground shall be leveled, drained and tamped hard or cemented.
  44. 44. SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 44 b. Physical zone – by determining the sizes of the different areas or zones according to standard requirements. c. Functional zone – by grouping together areas and buildings with similar or related use or function. School site zoning ensures proper rationalization of the relationship and utilization of external spaces, so that no aspect of the school program may be sacrificed
  45. 45. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 45 THANK YOU !
  46. 46. 12/30/2014SCHOOL SITE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING 46 SOURCES: Educational Facilities Manual 2007 edition Educational Facilities Manual, Revised 2010 ed.

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