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PHYSICAL PLANT AND 
FACILITIES 
Pops P. Macalino 
Discussant
Educational Facilities 
-refers to all the physical properties 
of a school, consisting of the grounds, 
buildings, and th...
School Mapping - is a dynamic process of planning the 
distribution, size and spacing of schools and physical 
facilities ...
Site 
Campus 
Buildings 
Classrooms 
Offices, Staff and Function Rooms 
Assembly and Athletic Facilities 
Medical and Dent...
Standard Requirements: 
3. Accessibility 
- A school site must be easily 
accessible to the greatest number 
of pupils/stu...
Standard Requirements:
Standard Requirements: 
Safety Color Scheme
MINIMUM STANDARD REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL SITES 
Secondary Schools 
Elementary Schools 
In case where there is difficulty i...
MODES OF ACQUISITION OF SCHOOL SITES 
A school site may be acquired through any of the ff. 
methods: 
a. Purchase 
b. Dona...
MODES OF ACQUISITION OF SCHOOL SITES 
Contract of 
Usufruct 
Purchase 
Expropriation 
Donation 
Private land desired for s...
School Site Beautification 
School Gate 
A school shall have a main entrance gate and a service gate. 
School Fence 
A goo...
School Site Beautification 
Sign Board 
(in Filipino or English) to identify the name and location of the school 
displaye...
Design of School Buildings 
1. Design Guidelines 
functions, needs of its user, nature of the 
environment. 
ECONOMY in co...
Design of School Buildings 
2. Placement and Layout 
3. School building orientation 
4. Layout 
a. Ventilation is not obst...
Design of School Buildings 
5. Building Plan 
Standard Building Plan or Special Building Plan
Design of School Buildings 
5. Design Requirements 
Windows shall be equal to or at least 10% of the floor area of the roo...
SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 
A. School Seats 
- Good seating is necessary for comfort and good posture and...
SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 
D. School Equipment 
Educational facilities, which have a normal life span of...
SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 
E. Instructional Devices 
- Comprise the wide range and variety of educationa...
SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES
SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 
G. Home Economics Facilities 
H. Industrial Arts Facilities 
I. Agricultural ...
PROPER UTILIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL 
FACILITIES IN SCHOOL 
A. Civil Service Examination – holding of civil service examinati...
PROPER UTILIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL 
FACILITIES IN SCHOOL 
E. Community Program – Sectoral group and Barangay councils may b...
Reference:
Physical Plant and Facilities in Educational Management
Physical Plant and Facilities in Educational Management
Physical Plant and Facilities in Educational Management
Physical Plant and Facilities in Educational Management
Physical Plant and Facilities in Educational Management
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Physical Plant and Facilities in Educational Management

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This is a sample presentation in the course,EDMA 505 Practicum in Educational Management during Academic Year 2014-2015 First Trimester at Tarlac State University Graduate School

Published in: Education

Physical Plant and Facilities in Educational Management

  1. 1. PHYSICAL PLANT AND FACILITIES Pops P. Macalino Discussant
  2. 2. Educational Facilities -refers to all the physical properties of a school, consisting of the grounds, buildings, and the various facilities within the school grounds and inside the school buildings.
  3. 3. School Mapping - is a dynamic process of planning the distribution, size and spacing of schools and physical facilities requirements for optimum utilization and benefit. It is a process of identifying current inadequacies in distribution and of providing appropriate types and patterns of school plant. It is a continuous process involving the uninterrupted recording of basic information required for analysis of the school map at any given point in time.
  4. 4. Site Campus Buildings Classrooms Offices, Staff and Function Rooms Assembly and Athletic Facilities Medical and Dental Clinic Food Services/Canteen
  5. 5. Standard Requirements: 3. Accessibility - A school site must be easily accessible to the greatest number of pupils/students it intends to serve. The maximum distance for a pupil/student to walk from residence to school is 2 to 3 kilometers, while the maximum time from residence to school on board a public conveyance is thirty (30) minutes. 1. Location/Environment - The location of the school affects its development of operation. In determining the location of the school site, accessibility and suitable surrounding environment are important considerations 2. Design and Safety Standards - The school site shall be well-located near the center of the present and probable population to be served. It shall be some distance from the town or city in order to provide equal accommodations for outlying settlements. It must have a suitable frontage on a public road, preferably on a quiet street and not shut in from the main highway by private property nor from dense groves of tall trees. 4. Topography a. Soil Condition b. Size c. Heat Island
  6. 6. Standard Requirements:
  7. 7. Standard Requirements: Safety Color Scheme
  8. 8. MINIMUM STANDARD REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL SITES Secondary Schools Elementary Schools In case where there is difficulty in meeting the above standards, the ff. alternatives may be followed:
  9. 9. MODES OF ACQUISITION OF SCHOOL SITES A school site may be acquired through any of the ff. methods: a. Purchase b. Donation c. Contract of Usufruct d. Expropriation e. Barter
  10. 10. MODES OF ACQUISITION OF SCHOOL SITES Contract of Usufruct Purchase Expropriation Donation Private land desired for school purposes may be acquired through This is the most reliable, stable and In case property is registered in May be either simple, conditional, the non-name controversial of an individual, mode of province, inter expropriation vivos, acquisition. city, or municipality proceedings. mortis causa or barangay, but is not allowed to be donated, but DepEd is allowed full A school purchase use through site may gratuitous be acquired by direct from the legal owner act. who voluntary sells it on an agreed price. Barter An existing school site may be exchanged for a new site for justifiable reasons.
  11. 11. School Site Beautification School Gate A school shall have a main entrance gate and a service gate. School Fence A good strong fence shall be built around a school site to secure the school against stray animals and squatters. Flag Pole The display of the Philippine National flag is a requirement for all schools. It shall occupy a prominent place in front of the main building in the assembly area.
  12. 12. School Site Beautification Sign Board (in Filipino or English) to identify the name and location of the school displayed in front of the main building. Planting Plan Beautifying the school site with ornamental plants requires the prior preparation of a planting plan.
  13. 13. Design of School Buildings 1. Design Guidelines functions, needs of its user, nature of the environment. ECONOMY in construction, utilization and maintenance simple, flexibility, structural stability aesthetic elements and contemporary treatment provision for mobility of handicapped/disabled persons
  14. 14. Design of School Buildings 2. Placement and Layout 3. School building orientation 4. Layout a. Ventilation is not obstructed b. Natural illumination is not impeded c. sounds in one building do not carry into the next building
  15. 15. Design of School Buildings 5. Building Plan Standard Building Plan or Special Building Plan
  16. 16. Design of School Buildings 5. Design Requirements Windows shall be equal to or at least 10% of the floor area of the room Ceiling Height shall not be less than 2.70 meters measured from the floor to the ceiling (w/ natural ventilation); 2.40 m (artificial ventilation) Floor Construction all floors shall be framed and secured into the framework and supporting walls Roof Construction all floors shall be framed and secured into the framework and supporting walls Exit Doors shall have at least 2 exit doors (50+ occupants); not less than 2.10 m Corridors shall be less than 1.10 m wide Stairways height and 900 millimeters wide. Door Shutters 1.10 m wide (50 or less occupant);1.50 (more than 50);rise of every step shall not be less 1.50 mm; tread shall not be less than 250 mm.;handrails should be provided on each side of the stairway having more than 4 steps.
  17. 17. SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES A. School Seats - Good seating is necessary for comfort and good posture and is crucial to the proper physical development of the child. B. School Tables School tables, such as pupils/students’/students’ table, teacher’s table, library table, demonstration table, dining table, and conference table are designed according to their use or function. C. Storage and Display Furniture for storing and displaying materials, supplies and equipment is as essential as seats and tables in any school. Commonly used in public schools for storage and display purposes are bookcases, cupboards, cabinets, shelves, and divans
  18. 18. SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES D. School Equipment Educational facilities, which have a normal life span of two to five years, are classified as equipment EPP/TLE Equipment Instructional Tools and Devices Health Equipment Emergency/Survival Kit First Aid Kit Other items E. Fittings, Fixtures and Furnishings
  19. 19. SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES E. Instructional Devices - Comprise the wide range and variety of educational media and technology such as visual aids, audio visual aids, teaching aids and devices, which are indispensable tools for effective teaching and learning. F. Regular Classroom Facilities
  20. 20. SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES
  21. 21. SCHOOL FURNITURES, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES G. Home Economics Facilities H. Industrial Arts Facilities I. Agricultural Arts Facilities J. Library Facilities K. Sanitary Facilities L. Playground Facilities M. Athletic Facilities N. Administrative Facilities O. Facilities for Ancillary Service P. Special Education Facilities Q. School Canteen
  22. 22. PROPER UTILIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES IN SCHOOL A. Civil Service Examination – holding of civil service examinations is allowed in classroom including the use of its furnishings and lighting facilities. B. Literacy Classes – instruction of illiterates and other literacy activities may be held in the school. C. Polling Places – the use of school buildings of election inspectors and as polling places for the election. D. Religious Services/Instruction – holding of religious activities for the benefit of pupils/students/barangay council or other sectoral group.
  23. 23. PROPER UTILIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES IN SCHOOL E. Community Program – Sectoral group and Barangay councils may be allowed to use the school buildings, grounds and facilities for civic and educational activities. F. Evacuation Center – The use of school buildings/classrooms as evacuation center is allowed in case of natural calamities.
  24. 24. Reference:

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